The Erie Canal gave a big advantage to the north in the civil war. As we all know the north won the civil war but not a lot of people know why? The Erie Canal went right through the north and because of that New York became rich and had a lot of money. The south had not a lot of money. Since the south had no money they could not buy weapons for the war.
This meant that they could bring goods to the people that couldn’t normally get them, because they were too expensive, or they had no way to get to them. Thousands of settlers began to utilize the Erie Canal to move west (OI). Also, the Canal led to New York having the busiest port in America (Doc. 1B). The New York State Canal Corporation states that “Within 15 years of its opening, New York was the busiest port in America, moving tonnages greater than Boston, Baltimore, and New Orleans combined”
In 1694, Thomas Savery invented what would revolutionize the united states indefinitely, he called it the steam engine. This invention lead to the first steam engine locomotive which many would say was a beneficial turning point in the industrialization of america’s economy,allowing the steam engine to be used on the railways. Although the railroads did impact the United States and certain groups in positive ways,there were also negative effects that occurred. During this time period, there were many chinese immigrants that entered the United States who made up most of the workers that built the tracks. Business owners made lots of money from the railroads because they were able to transport goods farther and faster with ease.
Transients ran routes determined by business they could find on the river. Transients competed fiercely with one another for market share, especially during the low season, when routes shrank more boats crowed onto small rivers. The packet trade grew throughout the 1840s and 1850s. Packets ran fixed routes according to fixed schedule. Rivers like the Mississippi had long been important means of transporting goods and people, but with the establishment of steam power, they became the central way around
Additionally, railroads were built to improve the speed of commerce. Abraham Lincoln embraced the revolution and personally represented the Illinois Central Railroad. In 1806, the Congress authorized the building of toll roads called turnpikes. However, they were far too expensive,
Leading to both agricultural and national market growth. According to Historical Background on Traveling in the Early 19th Century it states“In New England, New York and Pennsylvania, Americans created a vast system of inland waterways that significantly reduced transportation costs, although none of them matched the success of the Erie.”
In the 19th century, a major way of transportation was crafted. This was called the Erie Canal. This Canal led to great economic growth throughout the United States. For example, the Canal brought in many people through the seaports in New York which made it more busy than it already was (Doc. 1a).
In the beginning, the settlers were dependent on goods and support from Europe, especially from Great Britain. That is why they weren’t able to stand up against the exploitation. But over time they prospered and became more economically independent. By the late 18th century, the British colonies of New England were among the first to demonstrate ambition of independence from the British Crown. The reasons, therefore, were that Britain made the majority of decisions and that they newly set heavy taxes on certain goods.
For that matter, they were more skilled and educated than the other immigrants, and they carried along their money and other resources to enable them secure a comfortable living in the US. The first immigrants arrived earlier in the 1800s where they settled in farmlands and rapidly growing cities of the Midwest. The first Germans arrived in the Pennsylvania colony in 1683, but German immigration began in force after 1830s. The primary cause of German migration was the economic distress they faced while in their home country Germany. This economic distress emanated from the rising populations as well as social and economic troubles that were facing the initial stages of agricultural commercialization, urban area development and industrial revolution.
It was in charge for 100 years, then in 1857 the Sepoy rebellion began. That’s when the British government came in, and took India over for themselves. Dr Lalvani claims that this was the start of the modernization of India, and that imperialism helped boost it to the magnificent country it is today. The Brits did leave behind an efficient government -- but not before they ruined the soil with cash crops and deforestation, led India to many famines, and left their mark all over the country in the form of train tracks. Today, both India and Britain are affected by the imperialism in India, and those scars can still be seen today, and serve as a reminder of the good and bad done during that
During this time, the railroad became a massive industry, not just for transportation, but also for production building of the railroads. Industrial workers were a major working force, however, with this boom, a few people came to hold a majority of the wealth while the masses lived in poverty. During this time, laws were severely needed to control the corrupt corporations that ignored the masses. The railroads spanned the whole continent, which lead the opening of settling west. When Lincoln was assassinated in 1865, only 35,000 miles of steam railways were contracted, but by 1900, there were 192,556 miles of railway.
These new forms of transportation shaped the United States into the place that it is today. Before the 1800s, there were two early roads, Forbes and Wilderness Road. In 1811, the National Road known as Cumberland Road was built to reach Western settlements, because they needed a road to ship farm products that connect East and West. The National Road passed thousand of wagons and coaches. John F. Stover states in American Railroads, “The rich agricultural production of the country, the small but expanding factories of eastern cities, and the largely untapped natural resources of the nation-all of these called for improvements in transport.”(Stover1) Stover said that transportation was important because of getting goods
Thriving places where waterways were lacking new canals were constructed, for instance, the Erie Canal (“River Towns, River Networks”). The Erie Canal was to connect Lake Erie to the Hudson River and New York City (“Changes in Transportation”). This period was during Thomas Jefferson’s presidency, where he wanted a waterway that went from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific. His purpose was to expand America from sea to sea. In addition, he wanted to control the trade against Spain and France.
Before the 1860s U.S. railroads were inefficient for big business to explode, and shipping goods wasn’t as easy before Cornelius Vanderbilt organized a steam ship company. He also controlled all lines of railroad linking New York to the Great Lakes. His strategy was to create a monopoly to gain wealth and power of all the effective railroad lines into one major company. He expressed competition and set unfair prices for the workers. The workers soon revolted and went on strike in 1877 due to the low pay and increase of work hours.
The Credit Mobilier scandal was placed between 1872-1873, which this damaged many careers of the Gilded Age politcians, but the major stockholers of the Union Pacific Railroad formed a compand which was named, the Credit Mobilier of America, which this gave out contracts to build the railroad tracks. The lucrative deal was for these congressmen because they helped approved the federal subsides for all the costs for the railroad construsction, which in this case they didn 't pay much attention to expenses, which was enabling railroad builders to make huge profits. But the New York Sun broke this story on the evening of the 1872 election. The speaker of the House James G. Blaine, was a Maine Republican he implicated in the scandal, and he set up a congressional committe to investigate this affair. The came to the conclusion that two of its members were involed in this scandal their names were, Oakes Ames (Massachuttes), and James Brooks (New York).