The main point of this war was whether or not to keep slavery in America or to allow it to expand to the new territories acquired. The confederacy, which is mainly states in the south, had already warned to leave if a republican president won the elections. The election of 1860 was an easy win for the republicans. In the election of 1860 the democrats were split into two, the northern democrats and southern democrats, each with one president running for the election, causing their votes to split up among themselves and through majority the republicans won. The speech
This paper critically examines the Emancipation Proclamation and contemplates its effect through the cases of Plessey v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education and questions whether President Lincoln’s motive of issuing the Emancipation Proclamation was a pure moral objection to slavery. Although the Proclamation is and forever will be a progressive and positive development in American history given the abolition of slavery; I believe that the intention of issuing it was to do more with the defeating the rising Southern military rather than ending slavery due to moral reasons as hugely believed. After the Southern states ultimately withdrew from the Union, he made it clear that the United States Army was fighting to put the Union back together. President Lincoln restated this motivation in the Proclamation itself, describing it as "a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing the rebellion (of the Southern states)." The goal was to force the South to return to the Union, as they were being stripped of their labor force without which survival would become difficult for the Southerners.
People in the North believed that slavery was inherently evil and inhumane, but the South disagreed, believing that slaves were property and leaving all possible work on the plantations, up to them. This then led to the great Abolitionists Movement as many people started to view slavery as evil thanks to people such as Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, and Harriet Beecher Stowe. The next cause of the war was the new expansion throughout the U.S. This caused new states to have to choose between the Union and Confederacy, which only caused for hate and strive between the two. Another conflict was Bleeding Kansas.
President Lincoln had been planing for Reconstruction but was Assassinated one week after the War ended. Lincoln’s Vice President, Andrew Johnson took over presidency and shortly continued Lincoln 's ideas. Johnson then announced his own plan for Reconstruction in May of 1865. Reconstruction was a challenging and lengthy time period dealing with Lincoln’s plan, Johnson 's plan, and the Ku Klux Klan. Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction dealt was the prohibiting of slavery.
After the civil war, the question of “what’s next” was the main focus throughout politics, the government and the country. Abraham Lincoln was president during that time and he had a plan for reconstruction he hoped would bring the nation back together quickly and easily without too many harsh punishments or difficulties. Unfortunately, after Lincoln was murdered, his Vice President, Andrew Johnson had a plan for reconstruction that was different than Lincoln’s and many disagreed with Johnson’s views and ideas. Radical Republicans, were a large majority of the people who did not like Johnson the most, and so they came up with a reconstruction plan of their own as well, however only one was put into place and it changed the future of the United States forever. President Lincoln developed a reconstruction plan called the “Ten Percent Plan”.
However, Lincoln did not do this. Lincoln 's Emancipation Proclamation did not include border States such as Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and others.Although beloved by many, Lincoln caused the war between the states, a conflict which more than 600,000 Americans were killed, made many unconstitutional decisions, and behaved as a dictator, rather than a president. On January 21st, 1861, Jefferson Davis gave his farewell address to the United States Senate following South Carolina’s and Mississippi’s secession from the United States. Throughout his speech, Davis continually reiterated the fact that all states had the right to seceed. Later, in his inaugural address to the Confederate States of America, Davis stated that the Confederate States “want peace” with the United States.
These issues were not addressed by the document since the southern representatives wanted to continue holding slaves. Conversely, the northern representatives wanted to retain the Union and abolish slavery. For instance, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe supported the American Colonization Society that was formed by abolitionists (Norton 211). Jefferson and Monroe also supported the unity of the Union. Conclusion The Missouri Compromise only led to a balance between slave-holding and slave-free states but failed to address the issue of slavery permanently.
The cartoon depicts presidential nominee James Buchanan and Democratic senator Lewis Cass holding a freesoiler to the “Democratic Platform.” This is in reference to James Buchanan’s political campaign platform of the expansion of slavery, in line with the rest of the Democratic agenda. The election of 1856 was an American Presidential election held Nov. 4, 1856 in which Democrat James Buchanan defeated Republican John C. Frémont with 174 electoral votes to Frémont’s 114; also in the election featured former president Millard Fillmore who only received 8 votes (Pallardy). This election was an unusually heated campaign as it occured at the height of the pro-slavery and anti-slavery movement that had essentially split the country in half. Republican John C. Frémont condemned the Kansas-Nebraska Act, campaigning against the the pro-slavery movement and the expansion of slavery, while Democrat James Buchanan campaigned against the “extremist” Republicans whose victory he warned would lead to civil war. The Democrats endorsed the “popular sovereignty” approach to slavery expansion that was used in the Kansas-Nebraska act.
Many abolitionists actually considered resorting to violence in order to eradicate slavery (as in the case of Theodore Parker). This was ironic, since the schism within the nation did ultimately culminated in the Civil War (also known the 'First Modern War'), "beginning as a battle of army versus army, the war became a conflict of society against society." (pg. 511). “If abolitionists did not cause the Civil War, they shaped its meaning.” (4) It was indeed a war of two distinct societies since the country was fragmented into two: the abolitionists versus slave owners.
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Why is it that African Americans vote Democratic? The Africans Americans have a history of being associated with both the Republican and Democratic Parties in the United States. The majority of Blacks populace in the United States considered themselves as Republicans after the Civil War. President Lincoln Republican Party supported the abolition of slavery. However, the Democrats in the south opposed any rights of the African Americans.