Importance Of The Human Development Index In Zambia

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Human Development Index The Human Development Index is a summary measure for assessing progress in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, access to education and a decent standard of living. Zambia 's HDI value is 0.398. Therefore, it is considered a low developed country; positioning it at 139 out of 188 countries and territories. The rank is shared with Bangladesh and Ghana. Longevity Zambia is one of the poorest countries in the world, with surprising inequalities between the rich and the poor. Sixty per cent of all Zambians live below the poverty line. Significant deterioration in the quality of life has occurred simultaneously with reported economic growth of 4.3 per cent in 2015. The social divisions between the rich and the poor are so sharp that it is hard to recognise them as being in the same country. Indicators such as maternal mortality, infant mortality, under-five mortality, and crude death rate have worsened or remained stationary. Although Zambia has had no war over the years, it is still in the same category with countries devastated by wars. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) Life Expectancy Rankings for the year 2015, Zambia 's average life expectancy, which was 48 years in 2005, has risen to an all-time high of 60.8 years! The most significant reason for this rise in life expectancy is the development and improvement of health care facilities in Zambia. Tuberculosis was a popular deathly disease within

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