This means that we are one of top five developed countries with the most poverty among the richest nations. Also, more than 4.9 million of these poor children are under 5 years old. As stated in The Guardian, the Unicef Annual Report explains that poverty has increased since 2008. The global recession is the primary reason for the increase in poverty as unemployment rates left many families unable to provide care for their
Poverty is defined as the lack of basic human needs; and Africa is known to be the poorest continent, in which Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in that continent. According to statistics Tanzania has 30 to 40 percent poverty, and one of main issues that cause this poverty is that the rich exploit the poor for personal gain, and the lack of education in the community. This problem has been there even before Tanzania transitioned from a colony to an independent country. Even though, Tanzania is improving in terms of reducing poverty it remains one of the world’s poorest country. Many people including the father of Tanzania “Julius Kambarage Nyerere” tried to solve the issue of poverty in Tanzania by implementing policies to help the economy, but they failed.
Poverty is defined as having insufficient money to meet basic needs in life which are likely to be food, clothing and shelter. Unlike poverty, which concentrates on the situation of those at the bottom of society, inequality shows how resources are distributed across the whole society. This gives a picture of the difference between average income, and what poor and rich people earn, and highlights how well different Member States which is member of an international organisation or of a federation or confederation redistribute or share the income they produce. One of the most poverty and inequality countries in the world is Zimbabwe. The Zimbabwe population below poverty line is 68% in 2004.
Based on Global Finance, India is ranked as the sixty-fourth poorest country in the world. Despite not even being on the top twenty of the list, the scars of poverty can clearly be seen across the land of India. The causes and effects of poverty in India are not just disastrous, moreover, it is also a catalyst of misery that affects the lives of the poor in the country. The first cause of poverty in India would be overpopulation. India is said to be the second most populated country after China.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The level of development and poverty situation in Nigeria is quite disturbing. Both the quantitative and qualitative measurements attest to the growing incidence and depth of poverty in the country. The UNDP Human development index ranks 152 out of a total of 187 countries surveyed in 2013, with a life expectancy of 52.5 years and over 45 percent of the population living below the poverty line (UNDP, 2015). Asian countries, such as Singapore, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India and Malaysia, were in the same economic league with Nigeria in the 1960's with similar colonial legacy and natural resource endowments. Today however, these have recorded significant successes in, the development of their economies.
Poverty: The African Fight for Life Did you know the life expectancy of a male in the Central African Republic is as low as 48 years (BBC)? For a woman, it’s 51 years. The GDP for South Sudan is $220 per capita. Similarly, many countries in Africa rank the lowest in economic prosperity and highest in disease and death rate. The root causes for these disastrous economies are the basic disorganization of newly-formed countries.
The first problem is Haitian faces the freedom from want problem. Most of population have to encounter with extremely poor income, According to the CIA world factbook, 80 percent of the population lives below poverty line. There are many causes that lead Haiti to be below world’s average poverty line, such as poor education system causing most of younger generation to be unemployed and underemployment compare to other country. Children are often not in school or suffer from illness due to unhygienic living conditions. In addition most of the population still lack of shelter, access to clean water and food.
Poverty In Central African Republic The Central African Republic is one of the poorest countries in Africa, with a per capita income of only 750 US dollars per year. The parts of C.A.R that are affected by this the most are in Bouar and Bangui. The average central african adult has no more than 3.5 years of schooling. Tons of thousands of children never attend school at all. Five in ten Central Africans don't know how to read and write.
Illiteracy, unemployment, and incidence of poverty are much higher among them than the rest of the population. IP settlements are remote, without access to basic services, and are characterized by a high incidence of morbidity, mortality, and malnutrition. They experience neglect and many people and unequal treatment in the provision of basic social services by the Government. (Vera 2007) . The badjao is said to be the most marginalized among all the other indigenous peoples in the Philippines because of the closest phonemic affinity to the language group in the area where these people belong (Malayo-Polynesian languages).
Available evidence shows that Nigeria with its large oil reserves is ranked amongst the poorest nations in the world; this status actually contrasts with her economic potentials. With the formal power sector consistently failing to deliver, more Nigerians are reportedly climbing down the energy ladder – having to move from the use of electricity, gas and kerosene, to the use of wood fuel and other traditional biomass energy forms (Simire,