Importance Of The Silk Road In China

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Silk Road and the art of China

The silk road was an ancient trade route which was stretching from Japan and connected East Asia and Europe. The trade route was named after the trade of silk and horses, which was begun in the Han (207 BCE – 220 CE) dynasty. The Han dynasty took great interest keeping the trade route safe, expanding the Great Wall to protect their goods and traders. The trade played a significant role in the development of Chinese, Gogureyo (Korean) kingdom, Japan, India, Persia, Europe civilization. Other than silk, goods, philosophy, and technology also traded, playing a great role in the development of civilizations. But the silk road not just transmitted trade of good, also transmitted cultural exchanges. Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity, Manichaeism, and Islam all spread across Eurasia through the trade networks. Buddhist monasteries were established along the silk road which was a new experience of religion among foreigners. For example, the Xiongnu adopted Chinese agricultural techniques, and Chinese adopted Xiongnu military and dressing styles. Buddhism also transmitted to China through the silk road, in the 1st century. Chinese missionaries adopted Buddhism and brought Taoism and Buddhism together. Many artistic exchanges were transmitted also via the silk road.
Transmission of art via the Silk Road

Many artistic influences transmitted along the Silk Road, Central Asia where Hellenistic, Iranian, Indian and Chinese

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