Importance Of Theory In Nursing

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Importance of Theory Nursing theory plays a significant role in guiding clinical practice. Theory is the core of how knowledge is applied in the clinical setting. It established a foundation and framework to set forth the principles of nursing and identifies how nursing is a unique profession (Alejandro, 2017). Theory guides nursing actions that are provided at the bedside. Theories are necessary to formulate how nurses provide care and influence nurses in challenging situations that occur. Imogene King’s theory of goal attainment is unique and describes interpersonal and dynamic relationships designed at attaining patients’ life goals, which signifies importance to the advancement in nursing clinical practice. King’s theory relied heavily…show more content…
King interrelated the nurse and client relationship by incorporating communication through transaction to establish mutually set goals in care. The nurses transact in a multitude of environments with a goal focused on positive health outcomes. Human beings are the underlying focus of nursing care. Nursing care focuses on promoting, maintaining and restoring health, caring for those that are sick and caring for those who are dying while promoting dignity (Leo-Demare et al., 2015). Stress, roles, time, and space are factors that King focused on to initiate the attainment of goals. King focused on perception of the nurse/patient influence the interaction process. Goals and needs that were mutually agreed upon influence the interaction process as well. King believed patients had a right to participate in decisions that influence their lives and overall health goals (Leo-Demare et al., 2015). The nurse and patient each have perceptions of care that may or may not be congruent. By effectively communicating and caring for the patient and understanding the patient’s whole state of health, interaction can occur and transcend into transaction of care to establish goals satisfactory to nurse and patient. Transaction only occurs under states of perceptual interaction in nurse-client interactions. Establishing a trusting relationship, the interaction process can result in the attainment of nursing goals that can promote and maintain sufficient health. The nurse and patient need to establish an interactive relationship built on trust and effective communication to set goals that are mutually grounded and then take actions to achieve the goals. King’s theory emphasizes the importance of adopting the whole person concept of care. If effective interaction and transaction occur, then patient’s will be able to achieve an optimal level of
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