Although fashion moves faster and faster the concept of clothing hasn't changed much in over the years. It continues to shape the identities of individuals and societies around the world. Fabric is still being used to cover our body and continues to signify social code. Although clothing plays a role in identifying differences among individuals within different socioeconomic levels, it serves many practical uses as well. Clothes are necessary for several reasons: they help us identify cultures
The penetration depth affects the fabric stretch during the needling process. During the needling process, the fabric gets stretched. This stretch is directly proportional to the amount of needle penetration. The needle penetration not only determines the amount of fibers being taken up by the needle barbs but also decides the extent of' the movement of fibers. The following structural changes occur during the punching process.
It may be due to the fact that wrinkle resistant finish forms a layer on the surface of fabric and makes the fabric more compact, which leads to increase in weight of fabric. (4) Effect of Treatment on Air Permeability The air permeability of a fabric is the volume of air measured in cubic centimetres passed per second through 1cm2 of the fabric at a pressure of 1 cm of water. From the comfortable point of view, the greater the air permeability value of a fabric, the more the body comfort is. The results of air permeability of the treated samples are obviously reduced as compared to that of the untreated samples as shown in Table.2 and Fig.4. It may be due to the fact that the crosslinking agent fills partially the interstices between the yarns of the fabric that reduces the air permeability.
Energy conservation in Buildings deals with the best use of energy in buildings which can be for its construction, for its running and its maintenance, by properly designing and orientation, use of climatic conditions, energy efficient equipments, inclusion of renewable and optimization of thermal comfort condition. Thermal comfort is defined as “that condition of mind which expresses satisfaction with the thermal environment” . Thermal comfort standards are required to help building designers to provide an indoor climate that building occupants will find thermally comfortable. The definition of a good indoor climate is important to the success of a building, not only because it will make its occupants comfortable, but also because it
Physical based model considers the cloth as numerous tiny elements and forces are calculated to simulate the behavior of the cloth [5, Ji]. A hybrid model is a combination of both the models. The hybrid model is preferred as the interaction between the cloth and the human body is the major characteristic that the people would want to visualize when it comes to fashion. According to the paper, the effect of imposing mass customization in the fashion sector would lead to more profitability, reduced inventory and returns and a higher customer satisfaction. It also suggests that since the customers are more involved in the making of the product, they would be more involved in the purchase of the product.
This is a very common problem in single jersey knits and it may exist in grey, washed or finished state and has an obvious influence on both the aesthetic and functional performance of knitwear. However, it does not appear in interlock and rib knits because the wale on the face is counter balanced by a wale on the back. Course spirality is a very common inherent problem in plain knitted fabrics. Some of the practical problems arising out of the loop spirality in knitted garments are: displacement or shifting of seams, mismatched patterns and sewing difficulties. These problems are often corrected by finishing steps such as setting / treatment with resins, heat and steam, so that wale lines are perpendicular to the course lines.
Running stitches and narrow satin columns will sink into the velvet’s pile. Keep in mind velvet is a delicate fabric with a luxurious drape so avoid heavy dense designs. Silk Silk is one of the popular fabrics for apparel because of its unique properties. Silk is most luxurious fabric, the most comfortable fabric, the most absorbent of fabrics (equal to wool), the best fabric for drape, the best fabric for color, capable of the greatest luster, having the finest "hand" etc. These are some of the factors which make the fabric more popular.
The answer to this question lies in the effect of surface roughness surface chemistry are responsible for wettability of the surface and thereafter surface tension or Surface energy control balancing a droplet on the surface which is a tensile or contractile force, a definition of energy per unit
Thermal properties of liquids play a major role in thermal related applications in industrial processes. The heat transfer property of any fluid is dependent mainly on its thermal conductivity. Conventional heat transfer fluids have poor thermal conductivity which makes them inadequate for high thermal applications. Scientists have tried to enhance the inherently poor thermal conductivity of such conventional heat transfer fluids using solid additives. Fine tuning of the dimensions of these solid suspensions in millimeter and micrometer ranges for getting better heat transfer performance have failed because of the drawbacks such as still low thermal conductivity, particle sedimentation, corrosion of components of machines, particle clogging, excessive pressure drops etc.
Moreover, the type of clothing an individual wears can determine the behaviour one wants to portray and likewise give one a sense of identifying and belonging to one’s self. Clothing practices were implied to be “a very personal and emotional issue to an individual and a very important means to define, refine or enhance one’s self-esteem,” Kwon (1991). As reported by the same author, if the type of clothing an individual wears is something that one feels good wearing, then it can be used to boost one’s self-concept, especially if one had a negative perception about oneself prior to wearing such