Importance Of Urban Geography

1085 Words5 Pages
The contemporary world is an urban world. This is apparent in the expansion of urban areas and the extension of urban influences across much of the habitable surface of the planet. Today, for the first time in the history of humankind, urban dwellers outnumber rural residents. Urban places – towns and cities – are of fundamental importance: for the distribution of population within countries; in the organization of economic production, distribution and exchange; in the structuring of social reproduction and cultural life; and in the allocation and exercise of power. Furthermore, in the course of the present century the number of urban dwellers and level of global urbanization are likely to increase. Even those living beyond the administrative…show more content…
Within the general field of urban geography specialized sub-areas attract researchers interested in particular aspects of the urban environment (such as urban land use, population dynamics, the urban economy, industries, tourist place, politics and governance, urban communities, housing or transport issues and other services). This eclectic coverage, allied to the synthesizing power of a geographical perspective, is a major advantage for those seeking to understand the complexity of contemporary urban…show more content…
The figure 1000 per sq. mile was adopted by the census as minimum density for any urban area to define it as such. In Sweden any settlement with more than 200 inhabitants is classed as urban in the national census, whereas in the USA the population minimum for urban status is 2,500 in Switzerland it is 10,000 rising to 30,000 in Japan. In Greenland, a place with 300 or more inhabitants is called an urban area. While in the Republic of Korea 40,000 people make the place a city. The corresponding figure in Canada is 100. While in France all commoners with a population of 2000 living in more or less compact habitat are regarded as ‘Urban.’ These are demographic definition for the convenience of census. They help us to know the rate of urbanization in any country. Since high rate of urbanization is fairly an index of economic growth of the country. In some countries population size is combined with other diagnostic criteria to define an urban place. In India for example, a settlement must have more than 75 percent of the adult male population engaged in non agricultural works to be classified as urban. Similarly, a definition of urban based on the density of population has to be rejected. A peasant settlement may be thickly populated while some urban areas represent a residential vacuum. It is impossible to state at what density a settlement is changed from rural to the urban
Open Document