Again in North India, Himachal Pradesh, hill state, has the least urbanization with about 10% of its people live in urban towns/cities. Urbanization during the last decade was more in Southern India as all its major states had quantum jump in share of urban population, namely Kerala (22%), Andhra Pradesh (6%), Karnataka (5%) and Tamil Nadu
WHO estimates 110 to 190 million adults have difficulty in normal functioning. Rates of disability are increasing due to population ageing and increases in chronic health conditions, among other causes. People with disabilities have less access to health care services and therefore experience unmet health care needs.1 According to census 2011, the total people with disabilities increased by just over 22 per cent over a decade, from almost 22 million in the Census 2001 to 26.8 million in 2011, the number of persons with disabilities living on their own has nearly doubled, jumping by 84 per cent in the same period. In the 2011 census, 92 per cent of the nearly 25 crore households in the country had no people with disabilities. Over two crore households had one or more persons with disabilities.
The pattern, however, has undergone significant changes over the past few decades. A large proportion is currently concentrated in six most developed states, namely Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Punjab and West Bengal, accounting for about half of the country 's urban population. This can largely be attributed to colonial inheritance, all these states reporting percentage of urban population much above the national average of 27.8 in 2001. Several studies have shown that the levels of urbanization in the states with high per capita income are generally high, the opposite being the case of less urbanized states (Sivaramakrishna, Kundu and Singh
In the urban population, IMRs in the five lowest infant mortality states have decreased faster than in five highest infant mortality states, resultantly inter-state inequality in urban infant mortality has increased. However in states with highest infant mortality, between 1981-83, has resulted in a decrease in the inter-state inequality. The median decrease in total infant mortality rate in states having lowest and the highest infant mortality in 1981-83 was 39.92 per cent and 54.16 per cent respectively. Similarly, the median decrease in rural infant mortality rate in states with lowest rural infant mortality and in states with highest infant mortality in 1981-83 was 39.96 and 54.73 per cent respectively; the corresponding figures for the urban infant mortality rate being 46.73 and 41.56 per cent respectively (Chaurasia, 2005). Kerala in India has the lowest infant mortality rates and recorded IMR of 7 against the national average of 34 in 2013(Indian Academy of
During this time, many banks emerged but failed due to speculation, mismanagement and fraudulent practices. In between 1865 and 1870, only one bank emerged out, that is, Allahabad Bank Ltd. In 1881, The Oudh Commercial Bank was established, which is the first purely Indian bank. By the beginning of 1900, due to influence of Swadeshi movement, the number of banks increased. There were only 8 banks during 1870 with total deposit of Rs 1263 lakhs, but this has increased to 20 in 1900 with a deposit amount of Rs 3427 lakhs.
According to department of statistics, Malaysia (DOSM), during 2017, the estimation of Malaysia’s population was 32.0 million people with an increase of 1.3%. However, the distribution of population is highly uneven with 80% of the population residing in Peninsular Malaysia and the remaining is in the East regions. According to CIA, 2015, KL and Johor Bahru are the most urban areas with a population of 6.837 million and 912, 000 respectively. In 2016, among the states Selangor has the highest population of 19.9%, followed by Sabah that is 12% and Johor Bahru 11.5%. Labuan and Putrajaya (Federal Territories) are recorded the smallest percentage with each of one is 0.3% of the nation’s total population.
Delhi shared 1.38% of India’s total population in 2011 and accounts for about 0.05% of India’s geographical area. Figure 5 shows the nine districts and district wise population of Delhi based on Census 2011. Distribution of population across the districts is uneven in Delhi. More than 53% population in Delhi is recorded in 3 districts viz. North West, South and West in 2011.
Introduction India is the second majority populous nation in the world with total population of over 1.221 billion according to 2011 census. Adolescents form a large section of population, about more than 243 million. Adolescent has been defined by World Health Organization as the period of life spanning between 10-19 years. Adolescence are no longer children, but not yet adults. They have got disadvantages.
The living space is 4.5sq metre per person. Population growth of Mumbai: Census Population %+/- 1971 5,970,575 - 1981 8,243,405 38.1 1991 9,925,891 20.4 2001 11,914,398 20.7 2011 12,478,447 4.7 (Source- MRDA, Wikipedia) Actual situation of Waste management in Mumbai : Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra State and the financial capital of the country. The city, once a leading industrial centre has now become a tertiary economy, with just one-third of the male workers and one-fifth of the female workers employed in the secondary sector (manufacturing and construction) in 1999-00 as per the data from National Sample Survey (NSS) (from Mahadevia 2005). The rest of the workers are in the tertiary sector. But, less than 20 per cent of the male workers in this year are employed in higher end tertiary sector (based on Mahadevia 2005), indicating a predominance of low-end jobs in the tertiary sector in the city, indicating poor income levels.
The elderly population of Maharashtra has increased dramatically from 8.45 million (8.7 percent to total population) in 2001 to 11.11 million (9.9 percent to total population) in 2011, showing a significant growth of 31.37 percent, on other hand share of working age group (15-59 years) population has registered only 24 percent increase and youth population group (0-14 years) has registered a negative growth rate. This shows that the number and proportion of elderly citizens in the total population of the state has sharply increased in last few decades. At the same time the rate of ageing is not uniform across the districts of the state. Some districts particularly lower on the scale of economic development are at the forefront of this transition, where as the proportion of elderly one’s in economically developed districts is low. Such uneven significant shift in the proportion of elderly population in Maharashtra is mounting pressure on variety of socio-economic and healthcare policy challenges.