The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimated that 732,000 American children were saved from death and 322 million cases of childhood illnesses were prevented between 1994 and 2014 due to vaccination.” With these given statistics, Parents should be more than willing to vaccinate with all the lives saved in the years past. One main factor that makes the vaccines safe is the ingredients used. While used in large quantities, thimerosal, formaldehyde, and aluminum can be dangerous but scientist have lowered the dosage to a healthy form. Along with using safe ingredients, each vaccine has to be tested up to 10 years or more before they are licensed.
Modern medicine provides people with the ability to protect themselves from the world’s most fatal diseases. Merely a century ago, it was not uncommon for a child to die as a result of diseases such as polio, pertussis, and tuberculosis. Today, it is highly unlikely for a person to contract these diseases, let alone die from them. However, refusal of vaccinations has been increasing throughout the years due to the anti-vaccination movement. This movement declares mandatory vaccines unconstitutional and vaccinations overall as the cause of autism.
Vaccines are one of the public health sector’s greatest achievements. However, there is an ethical dilemma within the balance of managing risks to public health and preserving personal and parental autonomy. The egoistic tendencies of parents who are unwilling to vaccinate their children, putting the welfare of their own family as well as the welfare of the population at risk to satisfy their personal morals and beliefs, is posing problems. Vaccination rates for certain diseases, such as for measles in the United States, are dropping for the first time in history due to various reasons, and outbreaks for these viruses are becoming more frequent. It is necessary that legislation considers various tactics in order to raise these values once again.
Once again, the topic of vaccinations is extremely counterfactual. Hypothetically speaking, if an outbreak of smallpox erupts in a population that contains a high percentage of individuals who have been given the smallpox vaccine, then the concept of herd immunity says that the spread of smallpox will be contained. What I am trying to explain is that you need a high population of immunized individuals for herd immunity to properly function. So, if this trend of parents refusing to vaccinate their children increases, then diseases like polio that we have eradicated through vaccines could hypothetically show up again in populations where
Those against mandatory vaccines deem that the chickenpox, measles, rubella and rotavirus all have symptoms that can be treated with oral medicines and creams. Vaccine-preventable diseases have not disappeared so vaccination is still necessary and the diseases that decreased tremendously were due to the impact of vaccines. The CDC notes that many vaccine-preventable diseases are still in the United States or "only a plane ride away." Although the paralytic form of polio has largely disappeared thanks to vaccination, the virus still exists in countries like Pakistan where there were 93 cases in 2013 and 71 in 2014 as of May 15. The polio virus can be incubated by a person without symptoms for years; that person can then accidentally infect an unvaccinated child or adult in whom the virus can mutate into its paralytic form and spread amongst unvaccinated people.
I have always believed that vaccines are mandatory and benefit more than harm. The Panic Virus has intensified my opinion and allowed me to understand the other party. While I disagree with the anti-vaccine movement and find most, if not all, of their actions and excuses absurd, I can see where they come from. If I were a parent, it will be worrying. Through the several stories in the book, the parents did observe the symptoms after their child received vaccination.
This is one of the major factors Gawande explores as a reason for why some innovations spread faster than others. Often times, innovations that have a short-term and visibly beneficial effect are favored in the industry more than those who have a long-term effect. Gawande uses his trip to a hospital in India, where “less than ten percent of the newborns were given adequate warming” to further strengthen this claim. Newborns in India were not examined for health risks that could come up in the future but were instead checked for physical ailments that affected them now. It’s not that the nurses and doctors don’t care, it 's just that they have to prioritize problems based on visibility due to the time constraints.
The primary focus of this paper is being able to vaccinate immigrant children once they are in the United States by developing a program. Immunizations have become an important tool that many countries use to protect themselves from disease thereby helping increase their population. Before immunizations diseases could wipe out much of a country’s population in less than a year. By using this tool to our advantage, we are helping to ward off certain diseases. One of the problems with re-emergence of diseases we thought we eliminated has been immigrant children bringing the disease to the US due to improper vaccination protocols in their country of origin or skipping vital vaccinations.
Mandatory vaccinations eliminate personal freedoms, and could violate religious beliefs. Also, many people are very skeptical about the effectiveness of the vaccination versus personal hygiene. In an Indiana hospital in early 2012 eight workers were fired due to declining a flu vaccination (Farwell 2016). Lawsuits have even been filed over this dilemma, and if people feel strongly enough to sue over it, then hospitals should see that mandatory vaccinations are causing more harm than help.
The truth is that natural infection does provide lifelong immunity. The Children 's Hospital of Philadelphia confirms that yes natural infection more often than not, causes better immunity than vaccines, however as previously mentioned the risks associated with natural infection are significant, this idea is enforced by pediatrician Ari Brown, who says, “I 've seen children with serious cases of measles, mumps and whooping cough, and I have seen children die from chickenpox. I promise you that these are diseases you don 't want your child to get,” . There is also the risk that after natural chickenpox infection “the virus can remain dormant in the peripheral nerves for 50 years or more emerging when either the peripheral nerves become inflamed (often by injury) or immune suppression develops. It reemerges as shingles,” .
She uses his story as an example to prove that although it is not often, vaccines do in fact have serious side effects that we sometimes overlook. She used this as a perfect example of her thesis, “Hysteria about false vaccine risks often overshadows the challenges of detecting the real ones.” (Kwok). What could be better is how she uses Salamone’s story as pathos because she could have used it a little more throughout her research to better get the attention of more parents and let them know that children are more at risk, “Vaccines face a tougher…Because they are given to healthy people often children.”
The inoculation process was harmless and had satisfied the safety of the patients with the experiment. This inoculation method showed a huge result of survival rate in the New England colonies. The death rate was reduced by a greater number and the survival rate increased vastly because of Boylston’s inoculation for smallpox disease. This life saving scheme raised the population growth in those years of the Colonial
Immunizations can save a child’s life; due to the medical advances that have taken place, kids are now protected from many illness/ diseases. At one point in time, Polio was a horrible illness that is now preventable by simply receiving a shot (USDHHS, n.d.). Immunizations protect not only the individual receiving the vaccination, but others as well. Certain individuals are not suitable for specific vaccinations, therefore, if everyone else has the vaccination, the people who cannot are more likely to be safe from the illness (USDHHS, n.d). Generally, immunizations are safe, effective, cheaper in the long run, and can save families time.