Vocabulary plays an important role in learning English. Without vocabulary, students will not be able to use English. Language ability of learners will be improved overall by vocabulary improvement. In other words, the more vocabulary they know the better sentences they could create. So it is known that vocabulary is the most common element in sentences because a language is a collection of words.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English class are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
Vocabulary is critical in learning a foreign language. In the words of Wikins (1972) "Without grammar very little can be conveyed. Without vocabulary nothing can be conveyed" (p.111). Numerous investigators have emphasized on significance of vocabulary. In this way, Zimmerman (1997) states that, “vocabulary is the most important aspect of second language learning.
Perhaps the greatest tools we can give students for succeeding, not only in their education but more generally in life, is a large, rich vocabulary and the skills for using those words. Our ability to function in today’s complex social and economic world is mightily affected by our language skills and word knowledge. In the domain of foreign language learning, vocabulary is seen as important for all four skills. Vocabulary connects the four skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing. There are various interesting views from many educators concerned with vocabulary learning/acquisition stating how vocabulary is important to language learning in the four skills Mostaan(2012).
Vocabulary knowledge is often considered as an important tool for second language learners because limited vocabulary knowledge in a second language impedes successful communication. A person with a limited vocabulary will never be able to speak, write, read or understand a language effectively. It is believed that having a large and varied vocabulary is the indicator of communicative competence and it is one of the most important aspects of language learning (McCrostie, 2007).Wallace (1982) states that an adequate knowledge of vocabulary alone could be enough for a relative degree of communication to take place. Researchers such as Laufer and Nation (1999), Maximo (2000), Read (2000), Gu (2003), and Nation (2001) and others have comprehend
grammar and the vocabulary and a set of idioms and expressions but speaking skill is also important. The emphasis is not on whether person is grammatically correct or not but on the use of language to communicate in the target language situation. Developing the communicative competence is very essential to communicate at national and international levels. English is regarded as a vehicular language and used for the purposes of academic advancement, profession advancement, and traveling abroad etc (Davies, 2007). However, speaking skill is widely neglected in our class rooms because speaking skills are hard to practice and assess.
Learners of English have to deal with unfamiliar vocabulary during their language acquisition. Traditionally, vocabulary has not been a particular subject for students to learn, but has been taught within lessons of speaking, lstening, reading, and writing. Vocabulary knowledge involves more than knowing word definitions and knowing how to find the meanings of unknown words and phrases, interpret literal vs. non-literal language and understand shades of word meaning. It also creates better reading comprehension and the ability to engage, produce and talk about texts. Students who know more words and can also use them in the right context have a significant advantage in school and can continue using that skill to their advantage in college and career.
Vocabulary is an important factor which contributing to develop four skills when learning a foreign language: listening, speaking, reading and writing. There is strong relationship between knowing a word and four skills above by many researchers as Nation (1990) and Laufer (1997). Knowing the word helps learners master a foreign language through mastering all four skills. However, many students often think that knowing a word is just knowing the form and meaning of that word. Several researchers emphasizes that many kinds knowledge of vocabulary are necessary to be mastered in “know” a word.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English in the classroom are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
To some extent, this instruction attaches importance to help English language learners make connections to their first language, which poses positive influences on their second language acquisition. On the other hand, students should be asked to make explanations about their connections. In this way, it’s conducive for students to review the meaning of new words and help them fully command the