The women have realized the crucial role that they need to play in the development of the economy of their country. They have also noticed how important it will be on their side to be self-reliant and not to be too independent of their husbands. Following the introduction of the policy, there are several households in the country that are headed by women. Women have also struggled with their new found sense of independent to participate in the process of rebuilding peace and security in their beloved country. Following the introduction of the provision of the micro-financing loans to the women, more economic development have been recorded in the country.
When they turn into business they have to face tremendous problems for every success. Despite effort is made by them they must be recognized positively and they faith to withstand by themselves. There are many challenges for women in the Indian setup broadly divided into social, financial, domestic, policies etc …some of which are discussed below. • One of the core duties of women in India is to take care of the family members, leaving little time for business activities. Woman entrepreneurs have to make a perfect balance between household and business activities especially if she is married.
Globalization is an ageing workforce to affect world economies. Highlighting the need to maintain workforces for a sustainable future, women as workers are vital to the world’s economies. According to International Journal of Science, Technology & Management www.ijstm.com Volume No 04, Special Issue No. 01, March 2015 ISSN (online): 2394-1537 1615 in foreign countries, wives are treated as domestic engineer and they feel no shame in helping their partner in household works. Studies on educated working women and role-conflict (Joshi, 1973; Kapur, 1970; Kaul, 1973; Mahajan, 1966; Srivastava, 1972) found that educated working women, even while holding very responsible posts, continue to be over conscious of their duties and obligations at home—duties
In recent discussions of the gender wage gap, a controversial issue has been based on the causes of this pay gap. On one hand, some argue that it is caused by employers discriminating against women. On the other hand, others argue it is caused by the decisions women make in their lives. My own view, after months of research, is that the gender wage gap is indeed impacted more by external factors connected to social norms, such as motherhood and different career choices, and less of sexist employers. Being a mother significantly affects what jobs women take and how much they earn from their employers, which increase the gender pay gap.
Managing Ability: Management has become a specialized job which only efficient managers perform. Women entrepreneurs are not efficient in managerial functions like planning, organizing, controlling, coordinating, staffing, directing, motivating etc. of an enterprise. Therefore, less and limited managerial ability of women has become a problem for them to run the enterprise successfully. so the Managing capacity is one of the most important challenge faced by the women in the Hospitality Industry.
FEMALE ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY IN THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY Keywords: female entrepreneurship, economic opportunity, textile industry. 1. INTRODUCTION The significance of entrepreneurship has been generally acknowledged as one of the essential factors that determine the growth of numerous industries of a country. An entrepreneur is an individual who identifies opportunity, organizes, operates, and assumes the risk for a business venture (Nieman, 2001:57). Being an entrepreneur is a very challenging job that requires knowledge, intuition and skills.
SHG microfinance model is widely accepted measure to promote development and empowerment of women. Micro financial programmes targeted mainly on women. The traditional philosophical practices confined women as inferior to men. But SHGs intervention is the key which opens the door to practical life. Participation in income generating activities and economic independency should transform marginalized women into mainstream.
Gender inequality is also highlighted as a challenge to development of the small and medium enterprises in session paper number 2 (2005). Entrepreneurship is the process of using private initiative to transform a business concept into a new venture or to grow or diversify an existing one. The government views small and medium enterprises (SME) sector as one of the engines for faster economic growth. For Kenya to achieve her stated goal in the Vision 2030 “equity and poverty elimination” one of the strategic plans is to increase opportunities all around women. Specific strategies involve increasing women participation in economic, social and political decision making processes as well as their access to business opportunities, health and education services, housing and justice.
From an Austrian economic perspective the characteristics of women’s entrepreneurship analysed and offered a set of policy recommendations. Still do not know enough of the entrepreneurial process and women we have argued that better knowledge about the economic importance of women’s entrepreneurship and their particular strengths, weaknesses and opportunities, is central. As low rates of women’s entrepreneurship are both related to the status of women and the status of entrepreneurship, they have suggested that increasing the abilities of women to participate in the labour force and generally to improve the position of women in society and generally increase the possibility to engage in entrepreneurship is central. However, more targeted initiatives are also needed to support women entrepreneurs and would be entrepreneurs. 4.
These days there is an expanding pattern of ladies entering Bungalow industry in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and these ladies business visionaries are adding to the income of the family. What's more, if ladies are given a chance of setting up their own particular organizations so they can contribute essentially towards the financial development of Pakistan. Business opportunities are less among ladies due to non-existing open doors for them, restricted versatility and no entrance to neighborhood and universal business sector Though I can say that women are involved in domestic entrepreneurship but due to limited scale and role of middle man these women entrepreneurs are unable to fetch the reasonable price of their product in many areas of Pakistan especially at Peshawar city, they are not allowed to do jobs even after receiving higher education from well-known institutions. As a result, most of these ladies stay at homes either by choice or by force. In the given situation, there should be a way out to let them play a role in the development of the Pakistan which is an under developing country and economic growth is more important for the development of the