Importance Of Working Capital Management

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CHAPTER –1 INTRODUCTION

Bank is a prime financial institution which plays a crucial role in the economic development of the country. It is the backbone as well as the foundation and pillar for the development of the nation. Its main operations are concerned with the accumulation on the temporary idle money of the public for advancing others for expenditures. In other words, Bank is an institution that deals in money and its substitutes and provides other financial services. Banks accept deposit and make loans and derive a profit from the difference in the interest rates paid and charged, respectively. Depositors may be either individual or institutions. These deposits may be current, saving or fixed and the tenure depends upon mutual agreements
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It is the Life-blood and controlling nerve centre for any types or business organization because without the proper control upon it no business can run smoothly. The management of current assets and current liabilities is necessary for daily operations of any organizations. Thus, it plays the vital role in the success and failure of the organizations as it deal with the part of assets, which are transformed from one form to another form during the course of manufacturing cycle. Therefore, the role of working capital management is more significant for every business organization irrespective to their nature.
Working Capital Management refers to the administration of all aspects of current assets, namely cash, marketable securities, stock and current liabilities. It is the functional area of finance that covers all the current accounts of the firm. It is concerned with the adequacy of current assets as well as the level of risk posed by current liabilities. It is a discipline that seeks proper policies for managing current assets liabilities and practical for maximizing the benefits from managing working
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The bond conceptual findings of their study provide sound knowledge and guidance for the further study in the field of management of working capital of any enterprise and naturally to this study as well. They explain, in the beginning, the importance of working capital, concept of working capital, financing of working capital, the use of short term versus long-term debt, relationship of current assets to fixed assets. In the next chapter they have dealt with the various components of working capitals and their effective management techniques. The components of working capital they have dealt with the cash, marketable securities, receivable and inventory for the efficient management of cash, they have explained the different cash management models. They have also explained the major sources and forms of short term financing, such as trade credit, loans from commercial banks and commercial
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