Philip Freneau born in 1752 (the earliest of the two poets) first published his poem “The Wild Honey Suckle” in 1786. He is referred to as the “Father of American Poetry” (Perkins 417). William Cullen Bryant, born some four decades later in 1794, first published Thanatopsis in 1817 in the early beginnings of the Romantic Era. The writing styles between
With the end of the “Enlightenment era”, which favoured analysis and reason within the arts, the “Romantic era” discussed more abstract topics such as love, emotion and death, encouraged liberty from the confines of regulations, and the veneration of nature. Staying true to his ideals, the dominant theme in Wordsworth’s work are those connecting nature to humanity. Nevertheless, Wordsworth touched upon the topic of mortality and death in his own style. Three Years She Grew in Sun and Shower and A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal Five of William’s Wordsworth’s poems were assembled and named “The Lucy Poems”, and they are "Strange fits of passion have I known", "She dwelt among the untrodden ways", "I travelled among unknown men", "Three years she grew in sun and shower", and "A slumber did my spirit seal". The last two poems in the set are the most prominent in discussing the topic of death, and they are linked in both theme and events; which it why they will be analyzed together.
William Blake lived a pastoral way and worked as an engraver, painter and printmaker in his early adulthood. He was strange and imaginative child. His poems contain a lyric feature or ballad, which basically meant for the expressive of his emotions and have a melodious superiority. In the later years, he moved more towards religion, seeing the bible as the final reference to all that is good and evil, where we could see in the many poems of Blake as a common theme. In 1780s and 1790s, Blake published the poems called Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience.
Both poets like to have a dark aura in their poetry making the reader feel critical, sultry and engaged through poems about death and religion. Cowper and Poe, have a different biographical history, lived in different centuries where writing styles were evolved, and have many poems to enhance the impact of centuries on their poetry. Biographical History: William Cowper The first child of Reverend John Cowper and Ann Donne Cowper, Willam Cowper was born on November 26, 1731, in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England. The poet’s mother died when he was six and Cowper was sent to Dr. Pittman’s boarding school, where he was routinely bullied. In 1748, he enrolled in the Middle Temple in order to pursue a law degree.
William Blake, having trained as an engraver for seven years, printed his own poems (Phillips), which created small differences in printings of the same poem. In an image of an original print of “The Nurse’s Song,” a small figure, likely part of the illustration that accompanies the poem, appears above the second “e” in “ecchoed” in the fourth stanza (Japp). This may be the reason for the inclusion of the accent mark in literary anthologies. However, it is also possible that the accent is added to emulate the
An Introduction. This chapter presents an historical background of the life, works and conceptions related within natural imagery in selected poems written by the American poet Robert Frost (1874-1963).A Great American poet-Robert Frost was born on March 26, 1874, in San Francisco, where his father, William Prescott Frost Jr., and his mother, Isabelle Moodie, had moved from Pennsylvania shortly after marrying. After the death of his father from tuberculosis when Frost was eleven years old, he moved with his mother and sister, Jeanie, who was two years younger, to Lawrence, Massachusetts. He became interested in reading and writing poetry during his high school years in Lawrence. Frost drifted through a string of occupations after leaving school, working as a teacher, cobbler, and editor of the Lawrence Sentinel.
Romantic elements in Charles Lamb’s essays with special reference to ‘Dream Children’ and ‘A Bachelor’s Complaint’ Charles Lamb (1775-1834) the prince of essays belongs to Romantic period. He was an essayist and English writer. Lamb was born in London to Elizabeth Field and John Lamb. He remained bachelor Lamb, Hazlitt, and De Quincey were the three major essayists of the Romantic period He was a part of literary circle along with his contemporaries William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Southey and Hazlitt. During this period there was shift in English essays from Objectivity to Subjectivity, from formality to familiarity which was initiated by Abraham Cowley.
These poems will be quoted, understood, analyzed and also, will be compared to the contemporaries of Frost at that time to understand the psyche and the conditions which influenced the writing of the Romantic American Movement. The main focus of the analysis is going to be on “The Road Not Taken” as it is one of the most misunderstood poems. Robert Lee Frost’s birth took place in California, San Francisco on the 26th of March, 1874. His mother, Isabelle Moodie was a teacher and his father, William Prescott Frost Jr., was a teacher and journalist. Being from a well read and a cultured family, Frost was introduced to the wonderful and delightful world of reading since a very young age.