The role of women and gender is also seen in the Epic. Women are thought to have made decisions based on emotion and their rational instinct, but men are thought to have a mindset which is the total opposite. This is where a goddess like Ishtar is a huge example to the gender division; although she is a woman, she is seen to use her mind more like a man. The role of the mother is not necessarily pointed out throughout their culture, but in the Epic there are references to the mother, who is a divine goddess, who gives Gilgamesh his two-thirds god. Sex is a huge role in the culture and even in the religion of Mesopotamia during this time period.
The most common idea is that women are weak, and men are strong. But through Allende 's work, women can not be described through the typical female stereotype; such as how they 're delicate, effete, and "meant for the kitchen". And that women can be described by how men are described; such as hardworking and capable of doing many things. - In this work, women are now able to become part of the monarchy, just like how Dulce Rosa became Carnival Queen. - Dulce Rosa is like the symbol for women in general.
One nation that is the embodiment of this are the Scythians more commonly known as the Amazons. The fact that Amazons came from a harsh land made the Amazons successful and enabled them to make or take what they needed for their families and their tribes. The most common myth about the Amazons is that there society was controlled and run completely by women. This isn’t true the Amazons consisted of a society of both men and women where men and women were considered equals on almost every field according to Adrienne Mayor who wrote the book The Amazons Lives and Legends of Warrior Women Across the Ancient World.The reason they trained both genders to do all jobs is because they needed all the help they could get to survive in the harsh area called Scythia where temperatures could easily drop way below
As time went on, men increasingly devalued women and goddesses. Kramer uses specific examples of goddesses to prove his point. The sexist theologians did not instantly demote all the goddesses, but rather, over the span of hundreds of years. Kramer remarks that the same issues, specifically regarding gender rights, that occurred in Sumer and still continuing today in present society. Women were treated like second-class citizens.
Being a woman was something to be proud of, not ashamed. Here, a wife was being used as an object or item. Single women were seen less than wives back then. This relates back to Stanton’s and Motts message, that women should be given their most sacred rights and be seen
What is worth mentioning in Sophocles’ play is that he not only showed the weak side of women but also the strong ones. For example, Ismene is the traditional role of women in ancient Greek—coward, fear of men power and feeble. For Ismene, "we must remember we were born women, not meant to strive with men" (Antigone). She even chose to die with Antigone while hearing her sentence, for she was afraid that she would be alone, she could not be able to fight against Creon, this men-dominant society. In contrast, her sister Antigone presents the “women power”.
Bastet. Bastet was placed at the forefront of the gods in the 2nd Dynasty and it was emphasized when the Bubasites came to power, she was supported by her kindness and relations. One of Bastet’s many things supporting her rise to power were her relations to other very well known and liked gods. She was a daughter of Ra, his vengeance, and his “eye”. This helped her get respect and trust because Ra is the chief god.
She openly stands to be viewed, her identity to be investigated, recognized and acknowledged. As said, the statue of Aggripina Maior emphasizes the duality of the female imperial figure in Ancient Rome, such as bearing the status of a woman, but also characterized by a more enhanced female identity through her sexuality. The Roman empress is to be an ideal of femininity, which in turn mirrors the ideal of the emperor, her male reflection. Besides, the very fact that this type of female statues was less reproduced than the Pudicitia type well conveys of its originality
The term feminism is the idea or belief that all people are entitled to the same civil rights and liberties regardless of gender (Merriam-Webster, 2017). Antigone by Sophocles portrays excellent examples of how Antigone is more of a feminist figure rather than a feminist play. Antigone appeared to be a strong feminine role who was not going to follow in the footsteps of women before her. The culture of ancient Greece was a male dominated one. A culture where men associated themselves with one another and women were viewed as having very little to contribute to a man’s purpose.
Akhilleus possessed these qualities, while the antagonist, Agamemnon, was lacking the field of leadership and of being a warrior. The author did this so that the Greeks would imitate Akhilleus who was a strong, clever warrior and not Agamemnon who was inferior to Akhilleus in many ways. Akhilleus did not become strong through suffering and hard work, but instead, he was born with it because her mother was a goddess. He had everything he needed, power, fame, and a high position in the Akhaian Army. The Iliad’s conflict was the war between the Akhaians and the Trojans, while the secondary conflict was between Akhilleus and Agamemnon.