More than 500 years ago, the Inca Empire was founded. In their time, they would someday become the largest empire in the world in the 16th century. The Incas would live in what is now Peru and the Andes Mountain. They would be a thriving people. It would be the home of about 10 million people.
The 16th century was a period of cultural exchange and adaptation. Christopher Columbus 's voyage in 1492 would forever change the world, combining various cultures and ethnicities and opening global trade. Spain and Portugal sent conquistadors and missionaries to this "New World" for wealth and conversion of the inferior natives to Christianity. The conventional belief is that the Spaniards were superior to the Native Americans living in the new world, but in reality societies such as the Incas and Aztecs showed remarkable complexity. These two worlds collided to create a new distinct society.
Conquistadores who looked for God, gold, and glory, began to travel to the New World. In the Americas, the Aztec Empire was destroyed by the Europeans, lead by Hernan Cortez. Due to the native belief that their god Quetzalcoatl was going to come back, they mistook the European riding a horse as their god and invited him into their intricate kingdom. However, a civil war breaks out and the Europeans destroyed the empire with their more advanced weapons and European diseases such as smallpox. Similarly in Peru, Francisco Pizzaro destroyed the Inca Empire with advanced weapons and smallpox.
In Veracruz, he attempted to meet Montezuma, the ruler of the Aztec Empire. Montezuma turned down the meeting, but Cortés was determined. Leaving a hundred men in Veracruz, Cortés marched on Tenochtitlan in mid-August 1519 with 600 men, 15 horsemen, 15 cannons, and hundreds of indigenous carriers and warriors who sided with Cortes due to their resentment of Montezuma. By the time he arrived in Tenochtitlan the Spaniards had a large army including many natives. On November 8, 1519, they were peacefully received by Montezuma, who gave lavish gifts of gold to the Spaniards which, rather than placating them, excited their ambitions for
The Aztecs who were most likely introduced as a nomadic tribe in northern Mexico, and reached Mesoamerica around the start of the 13th century. From their superb capital city, Techochtitlan, the Aztecs appeared as the superior force in central Mexico developing a complex, social, political, religious and profitable organization that brought many of the regions city-states under their control by the 15th
Compare and contrast (Tribes) Introduction Inca, Aztecs and Mayan have similar lives then you would expect but just because there life is similar doesn 't mean there live aint different and in this paper you are gonna be learning how the inca, aztecs and mayan are similar.In this project there will be many points on how the Inca, Aztecs, and Mayans are different and similar like they both did sacrifices just not has often and different or how the aztecs and mayans live in CA and the Inca live in peru or how all of the tribes build pyramids. Similarities between Inca, Maya and aztecs So first lets take about how the Inca, Aztecs, and Mayan are similar. The Inca, Aztecs, and Mayan are similar from they worshiped gods.As they worshiped god very religiously and did sacrifices with everyone as there are a bunch of ceremonies for there gods for rain crops food. They all used the same resources for building Adobe was one of the biggest resources for houses throughout the inca aztec and mayan empires. All empires ended in the 1500s Actually all the Inca, Aztec and Mayan empires ended in the 1500s once the spanish took over and kill them with diseases but the mayan did slowly disappear.
(“Alexander”)During the final battle in July 332 B.C., eight thousand Phoenicians were reportedly killed, and thirty thousand were taken as slaves. (“Alexander”)The Egyptians welcomed him as a liberator from the hated Persians; they also proclaimed him the son of Amon-Ra, the supreme Egyptian god. Historians think this may be one reason Alexander considered himself divine. To truly understand Alexander the Great, one must understand his later life. He founded the city of Alexandria on the site of the old Greek trading port of Naucratis.
The Romans. The name itself has come to mean power, to mean ferocity, prosperity, and most importantly, incredible discipline. From the defeat of Carthage in 146 BC to the collapse of the Roman Empire, Rome managed to conquer costal Northern Africa and almost all of Western Europe. Rome was seeded by a huddle of united tribes with a purpose, and in the end, the overwhelming size of the empire was a participating factor in its eventual downfall. However, throughout it’s glorious reign, the Romans managed to control a society of some 50 million while building the most advanced civilisation of the ancient world.
The Spanish Empire The Spanish Empire is one of the largest empires to be established in history. It stretched over many continents and had many islands. Spain expanded its territories over four centuries, starting in 1492 and ending in 1892. One of the influences from the Spanish Empire today is that the United States was founded under Spanish control. The motivating force for Spanish exploration, both on land and overseas, was the spread of Catholicism and the unearthing of natural resources and precious metals such as gold and silver by taking over other empires such as the Aztecs and Incas.
At around the early 1400’s and 1500’s, the Aztes ruled a powerful in Mexico. The Aztecs had one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas. They built large city and tower at that time. They also practiced a remarkable religion that affected almost part of their lives, especially human sacrifice. The Aztecs built temples with towers and big scuptures.
In 1519, Hernándo Cortés, a Spanish Conquistador ventured into Tenochtitlan, the capital of Aztec empire, searching for gold and glory. He set out to conquer the empire and to capture the Aztecs in order to achieve his ambitions. Moctezuma, the highly respected leader of the mighty Aztec Empire, came confronting with Hernán Cortés, the leader of a small band of professional European soldiers from a huge island that lay six day’s sail to the east. In “Malintzin’s Choices: An Indian Women in the Conquest of Mexico” and “Mexico and the Spanish Conquest”, Camilla Townsend and Ross Hassig respectively present one histories in their own interpretations of the conquest of Mexico.
Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna was a leader for the mexican army until april 21 1836 he was born in February 21, 1794 in Xalapa, Mexico. In 1828 he used his military influence to lift the losing candidate into the presidency, being rewarded in turn with appointment as the highest-ranking general in the land. In 1833 he won election to the presidency of the independent republic of mexico by an independent republic popular majority. He soon became bored in his first presidency, leaving the real work to his vice-president, who soon launched an ambitious reform of church, state and army. In 1835, when the proposed reforms infuriated vested interests in the army and church, Santa Anna seized the opportunity to reassert his authority, and led a military coup against his own
The first European power to set-up permanent settlements in America were the Spanish. The first Spanish permanent base was set up by Nicolas de Ovando, who in 1502 arrived with 2,500 men. Then in 1519 a man named Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztec city using superior military technology and a disease called smallpox. The Aztec City takeover was the key to the Spanish success because they were warriors who were basically superior to their surrounding neighbors. The Aztecs were able to force the barbarian view on others, of course this was before the smallpox epidemic (Foner, 2012, pp.20-21) At this time Spain and Portugal were being enforced with a powerful royal government and religious orthodoxy by exploiting the Muslims and Jews.
While they share similarities of a virtuous empire, they also have some differences which contributed to their rise and fall. Many of what our world is today is because of these empires and what they did for modern society. The Ottoman Empire was a resilient empire that started its journey in the early 1300’s. They conquered the capital
Abstract The Aztec Empire remains one of the most exciting yet powerful empires in the world 's history. The empire was originally made up of the Tenochtitlan city in the current day Mexico City. The city later combined with two more city states; Texcoco and Tracopan to form a Triple Alliance which ruled the Mexico Valley from 1428 until 1521 when they were overwhelmed by the joined forces of the Spanish conquistadores and their local supporters led by Hernan Cortes. All through the Aztec rule, the Tenochtitlan City was evidently the strongest in the Empire. The city makes the history of the empire more interesting due to the spectacular rise from being a sidelined people to the most influential people of the land.