Combining communication and readily available support and income can help people with violence and drugs. To me personally, I believe that if we, as a society, continue to strive for a more stable community, violence and drugs will decrease, thus leading to lower incarceration rates and an overall better
In the recent years, the population of Americans incarcerated has increased at extraordinary rates. In fact, the U.S has the highest incarceration rate in the world (Bureau of Justice Statistics). The majority of those incarcerated are for non-violent crimes, like for the use of drugs, possession of drugs, distribution of drugs, property crimes, and petty theft. Interestingly, the numbers of those incarcerated are higher in one ethnic group than another. Research shows that African Americans and Hispanics are often charged longer sentences and are convicted of crimes that only require mandatory minimum sentencing far more than Whites.
The numbers of the crimes committed by teenagers increased greatly. In fact, according to Nelson Douglas in “ A Road Map for Juvenile Justice Reform, ” that “ the overall rate of juvenile violent crimes nearly doubled and the number of murders committed by youthful offenders nearly tripled.” These statistics shows that juvenile offenders are criminally sophisticated and need to be harshly punishment. In addition, Judge LaDoris Cordell states, “ I have come across some young people who are so sophisticated and who have committed such heinous crimes that the adult system is the place for them to be.” Overall, it’s obvious that teenagers are more sophisticated to commit heinous crimes than they used to. So In order to control them, we should treat teenagers as adults in the justice
The world population has reached 7 billion people. Of these, an estimated 230 million people or 5% of the world’s adult population abused drugs at least once in 2010 according to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2011). Approximately 27 million (0.6% of the world adult population) are problem drug users or drug addicts (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2011). Drug addicts require treatment. In 2009, 4.5 million people worldwide were receiving treatment for problems related to drug abuse, though the need is much higher.
Some believe that the main cause of overcrowded prisons are because of the unreasonable amount of crime that has been occurring throughout the united states for the past several years (Revercomb, 1985). Research has shown that prisons house more non-violent offenders rather than violent offenders (Kamrany, Boyd, 2012). There are many issues that result from overcrowded prisons. Overcrowded prisons have been proven to be the reason that inmates become mentally ill. Correctional facilities that have large dormitories tend to have higher rates of assault among the inmates. Correctional facilities that have large open dormitories are more likely to have inmates that develop high blood pressure (Gaes,
Also, it could possibly reduce the opportunity for groups of people to cause any disturbance in the community. When a community is in a gated area, one feels like they are in a safer community and is fear of crime. Deutsch (2017), defines crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) as a crime reduction strategy that acknowledges the potential to reduce opportunities for criminal behavior through a secure layout and design of the built environment to prevent damage from the force of the elements and natural disasters (2017). The strengths of alley-gating in communities are supposed to bring communities together and not afraid to leave and return back home. CPTED seeks to build a physical atmosphere advantageous to the overall safety of the community by using defensible space and improving surveillance.
These method focusses on educative function allowing people to learn from their mistakes and preventing further complications. If the government main goal was deterrence, then there would be less crime and fewer people in prisons. This would help with taxes and improve communities. Additionally,
Conclusion In conclusion, alternatives to incarceration with probation and parole save money and lessen overcrowding of jails. Probation and parole are crucial for the offender’s integration back into being a productive member of society. Alternatives to jails such as drug courts, community service, day reporting centers, electronic monitoring, forfeiture programs, home detention, intensive supervision probation, substance abuse treatment, and work release combined with probation and parole are a proven solution to overcrowded and expensive
The rate of incarcerated Americans has been increasing and with that the gap of health inequalities has also been increasing. Inmates are disproportionately exposed to illnesses and minorities are disproportionately represented in the inmate population. When discussing mass incarceration and it’s consequences Cloud says, “... these consequences have widened the gap in health outcomes along racial and socioeconomic gradients..”(4). It is clear that mass incarceration is an important health challenge but more important is the approach that the United States takes to solving this. In Sick From Freedom, Downs explains how the United States was not prepared for the emancipation of slaves and in that same respect the United States needs to be cautious in the way it attempts to handle mass incarceration.
The king hit law has had both positive and negative impacts on society. Some examples of the positive impact of the new legislation include the ability of the law to ensure that the punishment fits the crime, meaning that it reflects the standards of the community, and that it is only lenient when leniency is due. The legislation also assists in deterring would-be offenders thus decreasing the crime rate. According to New South Wales Attorney General Brad Hazzard: “In Sydney we’ve seen a massive reduction in violence and my view is sometimes the strict technical legal positions have to be modified by common sense that goes beyond legal technicalities.” This has an obvious positive impact on society, as less crime improves the attitudes and the quality of life of the members of the public. So as not to punish an offender too harshly, the legislation may be drafted to decrease the sentence.
Each year, the overall prison population surpassed the 1 million mark (Lurigio & Loose, 2008). As a result of the war on drugs, the total number of individuals incarcerated went from 581,000 in 1980 to 1,584,000 by 1997. Strict drug laws have caused incarceration rates to escalate at an alarming pace over the last 40 years. According to the Bureau of Justice Statics, in 1996 the African American incarceration rate was 1,574 per 100,000, seven times higher than the rate for Whites. Researchers have discovered that the war on drugs has led to the overcrowding of African Americans in the prison system (Lurigio & Loose, 2008).