For example, does race play a factor since there are more blacks in prisons than whites? If so, is it because of their low-income neighborhood and lifestyle growing up? It is not hard to recognize that the drug crime offenses are increasing, and it shows with the wide epidemic of the war on drugs. Lastly, combatting violent and drug related crimes would help decrease incarceration rates. Combining communication and readily available support and income can help people with violence and drugs.
“ We are not moving nearly fast enough to reduce incarceration… Over 2 million Americans live caged… a 550 percent increase in the last 40 years. ” Most of the people in the world are in jail. Therefore , incarceration is not lowering due to people being imprisoned on a daily basis. Half of the people in the world commit very bad crimes , which lead them to be imprisoned. “ Rape and sexual abuse are rampant , and tens of thousands of people
At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) The reason behind mass incarceration was due to the crack down on the deteriorating communities where the majority of minorities lived. Authors Scott Ehlers, Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg of Still Striking Out: Ten Years of California’s Three Strikes (2004) report that African Americans in prison because of the three strike law is higher per every 100,000 African American than Whites and Latinos in California. (U.S. Census Bureau
There are a lot of things that influence African Americans lives, but jail incarceration and poverty seems to be at the root. I am mentioning poverty because unjust jail incarceration is linked adjacent to it. According to the State of Working America in a 2013 study, African Americans, poverty rates are the highest at 27%. According to the NAACP, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, “African Americans now constitute nearly 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated population.” According to the U.S. Sentencing Commission in a 2010 study, African Americans offenders receive sentences that are 10% longer than white offenders for the same crimes.
Mass incarceration is the way that the United States has locked up millions of people over the last forty years using unnecessary and disproportionate policies. Contrary to popular belief, this is racially fueled as most of these policies saw to it that blacks and latinos be locked up for longer than their white peers and for smaller crimes. These racist roots within the system can be traced back to when the first slave ship arrived in the US. But our first major prison boom was seen after the American Civil war. I know that the Civil War was far more than forty years ago.
With this said, it is no question as to why: white Latino men are much more likely than White men, but only half as likely as Black men, to serve time in prison. Latino boys also face high levels of incarceration, particularly in states with large Latino populations and why California and Texas alone imprison the majority of incarcerated Latino youth in the United States. By putting a stop to the mis labeling of Latinos in our country; there wouldn’t be such a heavy imbalance among different races and their incarnation rates. Our society and criminal justice system would function better as
Black defendants were 1.1 times more likely to receive the death penalty than the white defendants. 78 percent of the death penalty defendants are black, 11 percent were white, as well as Latino. (Constitutional Rights Foundation) African Americans are counted for more than a third of the arrest for violent
People of color have accounted for a disproportionate 43 % of total executions since 1976 and 55 % of those currently awaiting execution. A moratorium of the death penalty is necessary to address the blatant prejudice in our application of the death penalty. One can also notice the death penalty is disproportionately directed towards racial minorities and in many jurisdictions African Americans are subjected to Capital Punishment at a rate of 38% higher than all others (Ruts-Terrian). It can be argued when looking at the actual numbers of how many white people are on death row they outnumber the amount of black people on death row. However, when you look at the population density and how many people there actually are of each race in the United States African American people are disproportionately represented on death row.
Research shows that African Americans and Hispanics are often charged longer sentences and are convicted of crimes that only require mandatory minimum sentencing far more than Whites. While some believe that the system is racist and unfair, others argue that the high rates of incarceration of these ethnic groups reflect their crime rates and not
In an ideal world there should be treatment facility that deals with sex offenders alone and their potential substance abuse. This way there is a chance for the offender to get the help they need and will be guaranteed a place for treatment and they will not be turned away. There should also be a way during treatment that allows them to find resources to “win back” others found in their family and the community. We believe that the best addiction model that fits sex offenders is the biopsychosocial model because the substance abuse could be an innate part of the genetic make-up, it could also have been a way to deal with past issues or memories; to relieve psychological pain. Finally the abuse could also be from the social aspect of the model because substance abuse is a fairly common thing most are surrounded by on a daily basis, and that could be seen as “if everyone else can do it, then I can do
the criminal justice system is the biggest source of unequal treatment and injustice, where people get punished based on their race. African-Americans are directly targeted and punished in a much more aggressive way than white people. In New York City, Latinos and Blacks get stopped at a higher rate than whites. Blacks are more likely to remain in prison awaiting trial than whites (Quigley). According to New York City Police Department, “NY police 80% stops were of blacks and Latinos, when whites were stopped, only 8%” (Quigley).
Communities of color were targeted for crimes and given larger prison sentences than their white counterparts. In the Rockefeller Drug Reform of 2009, the racial disparities significantly decreased in the early periods following the reform (Parsons, Wei, Henrichson, Drucker, & Trone, 2015). Black and Hispanic individuals, in 2008 were three-times more likely than whites to receive a prison sentence; by 2010, black and Hispanic individuals were only twice as likely to be charged than whites. Although this is still an issue that needs to be addressed, it is a significant accomplishment compared to previous years. There is still said to be harmful biases in the criminal justice system (Parsons, Wei, Henrichson, Drucker, & Trone,
Wrong convictions are not as uncommon as believed by the public. Though the “complete confidence” stigma exists around the system, there are still a wide variety of errors that occur. Racial discrimination represented in early research shows the primary reason for error in conviction for capital cases (Harmon, 2004). Between 1900 and 1985, more than 350 wrongfully convicted individuals were sentenced and of these, 23 were wrongfully executed. Forty-three percent of the 350 defendants were African American’s which is suggestive evidence to support that race can increase the likelihood of conviction (Harmon, 2004).