Frances Ellen Watkins Harper was born in 1825 in Baltimore, Maryland. She was the daughter of free black parents, who died when she was still young. She was raised by her educated uncle, William Watkins. Harper attended a school run by her uncle and after she graduated she taught in different schools. Even though she was a free black woman, she still fought against slavery and was an activist in an antislavery organization and a women’s right movement.
The first reading from this semester that shows that the blacks had their identities stolen from them through the slave trade was the Saltwater Slavery book written by Stephanie Smallwood. In the book Smallwood demonstrates the African slaves perspective through the Atlantic slave trade where she wrote about the slaves and their lives in the New World. In this part of the book Smallwood demonstrated how these Africans had no identity in the Americas, the slaves lost everything from their past and had no way of getting back to it. With their ancestors long gone and unreachable these African slaves also where unable to raise children of their own in the new world. Smallwood also shows to the readers that these African slaves where robbed of their identity not only from their old homes back in Africa but
Hannah Tay Yee Ern Mrs. McNeill 3A 5 November 2014 Psychological Impacts of Slavery As Harriet Ann Jacobs (1813-1897), an African-American writer who escaped from slavery, once said: “When they told me my new-born babe was a girl, my heart was heavier than it had ever been before. Slavery is terrible for men; but it is far more terrible for women.” Indeed, slavery was an obstacle to emancipation. It left both physical and emotional scars on those who were enslaved. They were shackled to the past - the unforgettable past. In the historical fiction novel Beloved, written by Toni Morrison, the lives of female and male slaves were explicitly described.
Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl In the narrative, “Incident in the Life of a Slave Girl”, Harriet Jacobs, who pseudonym as Linda Brent, details her life as a young slave girl growing up in the South, and her 27 years of experience in bondage. Jacobs, born the daughter of both, mother and father of slaves, until the passing of her mother, was shielded from the fate that would lead her, and younger brother, William to the home of Dr. and Mrs. Flint, master and older mistress. While in Flint’s home, Jacobs become one of many slaves subjected to abuse, rage, jealousy and the kind offers of their masters. Jacobs goes on to mother children, Benny and Ellen, by a colored free-man, who attempts to marry and purchase her, and the children. Benny and Ellen, however, were sold by Dr. Flint as retaliation against Jacobs, who refused to subject to Dr. Flints, sexual advances.
DuBois’s The Souls of Black Folk: Chapter III: “Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others” depict the harsh reality of racism that many freed African-American slaves faced during the Reconstruction Era while each offering their own set of solutions to the struggles faced during that period. Washington, as a former slave during his childhood, portrays the harsh reality of racism by first describing his experience and what he remembers of his days as a slave. He begins his autobiography by using his sense of humor to highlight one struggle that many African-Americans had to face, which is not knowing anything about their ancestries. Washington explains that he is “not quite sure of the exact place or exact date of my birth, but at any rate I
Slavery in the 19th century In the nineteenth century, slavery was already an established practice in the United States, especially in the Southern states, and it was accompanied by a series of legislations enacted for the regulation of the slave activities and the conduct in relation to the slaves and blacks who were freed from it. Enslaved Africans were a source of menial laborers to the Southerners in order for them to raise the states labor-intensive commercial crops such as sugar, rice, cotton and tobacco. However, owning a slave did not merely mean free labor but the whites also used to the slaves as means of exhibiting their social prestige and political influence in the society. The slave owners encouraged marriages amongst the slaves intending them to be less keen to revolt or run away. However the irony remained that despite having families, the threat of violence, sexual abuse and separation from their loved ones were constantly faced by the slaves from their masters.
The book was also banned in some places because of the sexual violence that was portrayed in the novel. Before I get into the book itself it is important to know about the actual person who was Nat Turner and the rebellion that he led in 1831. Nat Turner was born into slavery on October 2, 1800 in Southampton County, Virginia. His slavemaster from the time he was born up until he was ten was Benjamin Turner. When Benjamin Turner died in 1810 Nat became the property of Benjamin’s older brother Samuel, who was portrayed in the book.
Solomon Northup’s book Twelve Years a Slave covered the story of Northup himself as he was abducted and forced into slavery. He worked as a slave for 12 years before the North was able to locate and set him free. Solomon Northup’s story Is still as relevant today as it was how many years ago. At the time it was written, it “exposed the hardships and cruelty of slavery to the general public,”(Solomon) and today Twelve Years a Slave serves as an important historical document--a primary source for information on the conditions slaves lived in during the 1840’s. I chose this book because during this time slavery was still around but the practice of bringing slaves from Africa to America didn’t exist anymore, so the only way to get slaves was from children of current slaves.
Slavery was taking place all around the world. Africans were being taken against their will and sold into slavery. In the 1400’s, Portugal began to sell slaves from West Africa to the New World by the Atlantic Ocean. Throughout the years of 1451 and 1475, slavery increased from 1000 slaves being sold a year to 7500 slaves being sold a year. Slavery became more and more popular throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Abina is a young woman who grew up on the Gold Coast of Africa. Abina’s life starts off when she is born into Asante and is taken into the colonies with several other children as children workers. History makes it out to believe that during this time, even though slavery had been outlawed by the British, younger girls like Abina became the majority of the slave workers simply because they were less likely to run away. In the main characters time as a slave, she is sold to work for a man names Quamina Eddoo. While working as Eddoo’s slave under harsh conditions, Adina runs away to another town where she thinks she can be free.