Students with special needs in inclusive classrooms are found to be more accepted by their peers and included more often than their peers in segregated remedial program(Okagaki et al, 1998 and Slavin, 1992). This notion is also supported by Arnesen et al. (2009) who states that inclusion is not only an addition to the existing educational policy but it is also a process of changing the society, community and educational institutions to become more
Inclusion is an educational model that discourages exclusion and stresses the restructuring of institutions, classrooms, and approached to instruction to address and meet assorted needs of all children (Okeke-Oti, 2009). UNESCO (2005) defined the broad definition of inclusion as: A process of reducing exclusion within and from education and addressing and answering to the diversity of requirements of all learners with the help of accumulative participation in learning, cultures and communities. It encompasses modifications and changes in approaches, content and structures and strategies, with a common objective which includes all children of the appropriate age range and a persuasion that it is the duties of the regular system to provide quality
It is a symbol of respect for all of humanity. It can be argued that inclusive education is about social justice and equity and takes into account learner’s abilities, potential and diverse needs. The learner does not have to adapt to the social system. The school or the education system has to change in order to meet the learning needs of all children in a given community (Kisanji 1999; Armstrong 2005). In other words, inclusion involves restructuring the cultures, policies and practices in schools so that they respond to the diversity of students in their locality (Booth and Ainscow 2002).
The failure to implement full inclusion appropriately has numerous detrimental effects on the parties involved. One disadvantage for full inclusion is that the socialization part precedes the academic component, notwithstanding the fact that it should not be the primary goal of education. Inclusion movements aim to make disabled students look normal, overlooking the issue of whether they are undertaking educational programs or not. This can have a negative effect on the academic progress of students with disabilities because important skills are not taught for the sake of the learner making physical presence in a full inclusion classroom. Fox (2013) claims that there is a need for disabled students to reap maximum benefits from this integration.
These strategies are better-implemented when teachers give specific instructions and feedback which are introduced into daily routines without being intrusive or interrupting play. With time the number of prompts should reduce along with teacher involvement. The level of prompts would depend on the individual child and their ability. They may even require by breaking down prompts into steps. The fourth level of planning can then target intervention which will focus on children who do not respond to the supports provided by the other three levels and require that additional assistance.
His research indicated that the people who often achieved the most in life were not the people who scored the highest on your standard IQ test, a fact which indicated that there was some failure in the way we measured intelligence or some intelligence that we were missing. This led him to posit the theory of seven different types of intelligences, all equal in value. These seven intelligences include: musical, logical-mathematical, kinesthetic, spatial, linguistic, interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence. Gardner believed that all kinds of intelligence should be developed as all are necessary and useful in different types of roles. Both authors took a different approach to autonomy in education, but both authors did believe that students who are given some autonomy in what they learn and how they learn flourish a little better.
Introduction Enhancing learning for students involves more than just being able to apply general learning and teaching principles or guidelines. In Educational Studies 1: Classroom Learning and Student Development, we have been learned about how students learn. Most importantly, it involves inquiry-based activities which familiarize us with the roles of teachers in promoting learning and catering for student diversity and individual differences. Throughout the past lessons, one of the most influential, inspiring theories is the theories of motivation to understand and improve educational processes, which means helping our students see the true value of what they are doing and giving them reasonable expectation of success in achieving it. At the beginning, my
Integrated education which aims to provide children with a caring educational environment hopes children with special needs and the general student can learn together (Education Bureau, 2014). It aims to make no division and differences between special needs student and the general student. It helps children with special educational needs to merge
However, there are some simple strategies we can use to help enhance our students’ interest and keep them involved. By using visual stimuli we are more likely to maintain student attention and encourage active participation. We can also cater for different learning styles. For this study, visual aids include picture, cartoon, videos etc. Visual aids are important in the education system.