Inclusion In Education

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One of the most talked about issues of students with Learning Disabilities is about the inclusion. Whether they should spend their education time in schools in General Education or be driven away from it, and into a more specific and restrictive field of education often called ‘inclusion’. This very question was first brought up in 1968 by Lloyd Dunn, and again, 7 years later by IDEA in the USA in which they mention “students with disabilities are educated along with students without disabilities to the maximum extend possible, and only in cases of very severe disability that education in regular classes with the use of supplemental aids and services cannot be achieved properly” (Part B, Section 612) “Inclusion, is seen as a process of addressing…show more content…
That often applies to more than one place. That can be the classroom, home, hospitals, any forms of institutes etc. (IDEA, 1997) If you look closely in the not to distant past, you can easily see that children with disabilities have been segregated and discriminated entirely from society. (Karagiannis,Stainback & Stainback, 1996). Children with mental retardation, behavioural or emotional problems and children with visual, hearing or physical and other health impairments can be categorised as children with Special Education Needs. That being said, Special Education can be described as the education of children who have social differences in a mental and a physical perspective from the average person, in a manner that they usually need amendments in the usual educational tasks of schools. Historically, people with disabilities have not being treated nicely. Before 18th century, people’s lives were filled with superstition and fatalism. Some of the most known cases of discrimination they were involved is exile, isolation, exorcisms, tortures. Apart from physical violence, a major verbal violence took place. Some of the most known terms were “Insane” , “idiot” , “Dumb”. (Winzer, 1993,…show more content…
Before the Enlightenment in Europe, disabled people were not accepted like the others did. Over the years after the Enlightenment the education settings started to evolve. Social care then, is something that exists not to many years now. It all started in France followed by the United Kingdom and then the United States and Canada. There was a movement created addressing to the education of people with speech and hearing impairments and later with vision and intellectual disabilities . There are two sides to that coin though. On one hand, this type of special education played a major role on protecting children with disabilities, and on the other hand it set a very important limit on what level those children could obtain in education. At this point, we should state that on that time being special education was consisted only from special Institutions, where children were confronted as permanent disabled
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