Inclusion In Special Education

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This is an academic programme where children with disabilities are put in regular classrooms with children without disabilities for learning. The children with disabilities learn in the same class with the others with support and assistance of both the regular classroom teacher and the special needs teacher. In this case, the child is educated and helped to reach his/her maximum potential in the same setup (classroom) as his peers without being moved to another room or resource centre.
Mainstreaming: in this case, the special education child is put in a regular classroom with his peers for selected lessons, he/she is then pulled out to another room or a resource centre for a one on one attention by the special education teacher. For example the child may attend a music or math lesson in the regular classroom then be moved to a resource room for reading or literacy lesson.
Children with disabilities used to be segregated and put in institutions often called special schools which did not provide any educational or rehabilitation services. In this institutions, they were not allowed to interact with non- disabled children and neither were they provided with basic academic skills. This made it difficult for them to equip themselves to be self-reliant or prepare them for adult life. Human rights organizations and education advocates started advocating for the disabled children’s rights. They were then put in special education classrooms and schools which did not

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