Inclusive Education

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QUESTION 1
1.1. Inclusive education is an education system that accommodates all learners without discriminating learners based on their abilities. It involves the process of increasing the participation of learners in, and reducing their exclusion from the curricula, cultures and the communities of local schools. It is concerned with fostering mutually sustaining relationships between schools and the communities.

1.2. The aim of integration is to maximize social interactions between the disabled and the non-disabled. It also aims to ensure that learners with disabilities are assigned equal membership in the community. It relies heavily on social and political discourse.

1.3. Mainstreaming can be defined as the educational equivalent of
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Implications of Inclusive education for South African Education system focuses on systematic issues that are essential for implementing inclusion such as the building of inclusive cultures and school, collaboration and support and teacher learning and development. With regards to building inclusive cultures in schools, inclusion requires changing the culture and organization of the school so as to create sustainable structures and systems, which develop and support flexible and adaptable approaches to learning. However this is not something that happens automatically as it demands commitment from the school staff which includes the principal, teachers as well as the school community to possess knowledge and the skills in educational change and school reform. It is important for the school principal to recognize the importance of their responsibility to set the tone of the school as well as to help the school as a whole to become and maintain a caring, supportive community. A whole school development approach is the most comprehensive approach for developing an inclusive culture. Its goal is to create inclusive cultures and practices that permeate every aspect of the school and all its activities. This approach is based on organizational development as well as systems theory, and is aimed at improving all aspects of the school as an organization in which there is an interdependent and interactive relationship between the various systems and subsystems of the…show more content…
Negative attitudes can result in barriers to learning in the following ways:
An educator that does not demonstrate the ability to accept the unique qualities and individual differences of children can result in barriers to learning as this can leave the learner feeling insecure and withdrawn. The teacher is often seen as a role model and should always lead by example and show respect to all earners despite their individual differences as children often tend to imitate adults.
Teachers also often tend to label a child very quickly based on their behavioral differences and this is another example of negative attitudes that can result in barriers to learning. The learner will assume that there is something wrong with him or her and this can result in negative attitude towards their school work. It is important for the teacher to do a thorough assessment of the learner before he or she randomly assumes that the child has a certain condition. A teacher who has a negative attitude will show little interest in the children, will not be organized and ready to start lessons on a positive note. It is vital that the educator has a positive attitude as soon as learners enter the class as a negative attitude will result in children’s minds wandering resulting in learning barriers as they do not actively participate in

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