The year the Equal Pay Act was passed into law (1963) the wage gap between a man and women working full time was 41 cents with women making 59 cents for every dollar a man earned. Since then, the income disparity has decreased by almost 50 percent. In 2014, the wage gap was 21 cents with women making 79 cents for every dollar a man earned (The Wage Gap Over Time). This 20 cent decrease in the wage gap since 1963 shows how significant of a difference the Equal Pay Act and its enforcement through Corning Glass Works v Brennan, along with other court cases, have been. The current 21 cent wage gap today shows that the issue of unequal pay based on sex still exists, and that more needs to be done to close this gap.
"Racial, Gender Wage Gaps Persist in U.S. despite Some" N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2016 This quote shows that even though women are still being paid less as a whole it is the women with different ethnicities that have it the worst. Another quote similar to the one above also points out facts and statistics to prove that women of color are treated even worse than white women, “By 2013,
The 19th amendment was one of the most important turning points in history for the millions of women who fought for their rights to vote. Back then, they had no self representation other than from their husbands and fathers. Until 1920 when the 19th amendment was passed, that moment was a huge change for women then, and still today. Women wanted to get the same respect as any other male. Many of the women were well educated and were still denied the right to vote.
When the Equal Pay Act was signed, women were only making 59 cents for every dollar men were making (The Gender Pay Gap). Every year, especially around election time, new statistics are released asserting that despite considerable efforts to close the wage gap between women and men, it still exists. The latest reports state that women generally make 81 cents for every male’s dollar earned today, but the numbers that come out can sometimes be as low as 77 cents on the dollar (Taranto). Statistically, the general consensus is that the wage gap has gotten better, but it is still present. Though the wage gap has declined, the National Organization of Women reported that at the rate of decline that exists now, the wage gap would not close completely until 2058 in the United States (The Gender Pay Gap).
While women make up half of today’s workforce, they make seventy-nine cents to every dollar a man makes ("Pay Equity & Discrimination." — IWPR. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2016.). To put it in perspective, for every $60,000 a man makes, a women only makes $47,400. The Equal Pay Act of of 1963 prohibited companies from determining pay based on the gender of the worker.
Income Inequality Income Inequality or “wage gap” is a big topic for freedom fighters and liberals for the simple fact that it isn’t equal for everyone. Because the wage gap is so prominent it's one of the biggest “facts” that discrimination is still apart of everyday American society. The wage gap from these radical interest groups think the economy is get a dollar take a dollar instead of a free flow economy. This misguided idea of the economy is absolutely not true and isn’t at the fault of the Government, but the people.
The gender wage gap is outrageous. That gap is still significantly large in America, despite efforts that have been going on for decades to eliminate it. Women simply receive substantially less than men in this country. They are being discriminated against, and there is so much evidence to prove this. We cannot let them dismiss the evidence any longer.
Gender equality: the pinnacle concept that American society is not-so desperately trying to achieve. Many Americans have convinced themselves that gender equality was remedied by the Nineteenth Amendment and the Second Feminist Movement, and have not considered the thousands of steps that are left on the journey. In recent years, a matter of public interest has been the gender wage gap, stating that women are earning significantly less money than men for doing an equivalent amount of work. Critics of the effort to “break the glass ceiling” claim that a pay gap does not exist, and that if it does, it is because women either do not work as hard, have to tend to their families, or hold lower paying jobs. However, the gender pay gap has been proven to exist in a variety of different forms,
The wage-gap between women and men in America exist. The income inequality exist because of male-dominated companies. In huge corporation, men are more likely to receive a raise and promotion in the workplace. Companies look towards male worker compared to female workers because health benefits the companies have to deal for towards women. Women cannot help if they have to go off work to deliver a baby.
Besides white women being paid less than men, more culturally diverse people are being paid even less than them. A USA today article on the gap says “The numbers were even worse for women of color, with black women earning 68% of what was paid to white men and Hispanic women’s pay amounting to just 62% of their white male peers, according to the IWPR.” click here for link. That is crazy considering segregation has ended, at least so we thought. Not only culturally diverse women, but all women are being paid less than men.
In his article, Mark Perry, the professor of economics and finance, argues if the gender wage gap is caused by discrimination. In his opinion, simply claim that women are paid less due to discrimination is “fundamentally misleading” and “economically illogical.” There are more factors that affects this issue. In addition to the physical differences between men and women, different hours of work, importance degree of children, and occupational selections also influence different earnings.
A review of the literature in inequality suggests that the views of inequality and factors contributing to inequality and effects on socio-economic development have shifted over time. In a study conducted by Cornia & Martorano (2012) significant changes in income inequality have taken place over the last 30 years - “the analyses of the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s focused on the structural determinants of inequality such as land concentration, inequality in education and the urban bias of public policy”. Their main findings suggest that whilst inequality rose in the majority of countries [analysed in their research] during the 1980s and 1990s, it is the last decade that has been characterised by a bifurcation of inequality trends. Cornia & Martorano
Inequality in the work place can be explained as workers ultimately with the same labor productivity, ability, education, training and experience, not being treated the same as their equal counterpart in aspects of employment, promotion, holidays, wage, training etc. Job insecurity refers more to an employee 's opinion that his or her job is uncertain and may come to an end sooner than expected, (Reisel William D., 2007) which reflects a sense of uncertainty and threats caused by the lack of a steady and stable job or not happy for possibly being fired at any time, which is not only the reflection of the performance of the work experience, but also a perception or expression of concern (Reisel William D., 2007). From a psychological point
It is proven that gender does contribute to a difference in wages in society and there for another cause of wealth inequality. The U.N. has found that gender discrimination is still a significant factor in holding many women and children around the world in poverty. In many countries, there is a gender income gap in the labor market. For example, in America, statistics show that “The median full-time salary for women is 78 percent of that of men”; despite the fact women make up half the workforce. One of the reasons women earn less income/money in their lifetime is usually because they are single mums and/or have more people/family to support on their
The United States is currently facing an economical problem that involves males and female differences within the workplace. Males are given bigger and sometimes even better rewards for doing equal amounts of work as their female counterparts. Females are frequently not receiving the same wage even if they can complete the same job of a male. Also, females are less likely to get promoted within their job if they are competing against a male. A source states, “Women are now more likely to have college degrees than men, yet they still face a pay gap in every single education level,