Indentured Labourers In The Sugar Colonies

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In the 1830s, indentured labourers were introduced into the British colonies to replace the freed slaves on the sugar plantation. The rise of wage labour within this period is often explored within the context of the decline of contracted labour, and the developing abolitionist movement that would slowly dismantle the transatlantic slave trade and transatlantic slavery. This was as a result of the depletion of the Taino race within the Caribbean and the need for cheap labour to carry out the manual labour needs in the sugar plantations. Over two million Asians, Africans, Indians and South Pacific islanders signed long-term labour contracts in return for free passage overseas, modest wages, and other benefits in hope of a better life (Craton…show more content…
The first thing he did was sort to develop the Columbus labour theory. He saw that there were inhabitants of the land but he still quickly took control of the island and dominated the Tainos. The Tainos also called the Arawak’s were Española’s indigenous people. Queen Isabel’s instruction to Ovando was to consider the Indians as freed people but he disobeyed her request. This meant that he could have tried to compel the Taino to work for wages but not subject those indigenous people to slavery (Beckles 1996 p62-85). He forced them to pay money and to provide involuntary labour to the…show more content…
This system was crucial for the settlement of the Caribbean islands, which received twice as many English emigrants in the second quarter of the seventeenth century (Dookhan 1971 p127-146). Around mid-century, there were convicts and political exiles people entering the West Indies besides indentured servants. These White labourers were treated as if they were slaves even though there were laws that protected free persons who worked on contract on the plantations. The whites were unaccustomed to the enslavement conditions within the Caribbean and they resented their living circumstances. Their contract owners also complained about their unwillingness to work according to the terms of their contract. To control and discipline the indentured servants and establish authority of the colonial government, several laws were passed but they were unsuccessful in stopping the servant rebellion (Craton 1997

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