In western countries empowerment of women is linked with personal recognition segregated from the society irrespective of their kinship where as a woman in India is associated recognition with cooperation from members of family and society. As for the women novelists who focused on the problems regarding women are Kamala Markandaya, Nayantara Sahgal, Anita Desai, Bharati Mukherjee, Shashi Deshpande, Githa Hariharan, Arundathi Roy, Manju Kapur, Shobha De etc. Shashi Deshpande is a prolific writer reflecting the role played by the middle-class educated women in the hegemonic Hindu society in majority of her novels. Her characters seem natural ,and so come as typical stereotypes of the modern generation. Her novels bud natural and effortless throwing light on the common problems faced by women in the society.
Throughout history, women have made a name for themselves. By rising up and fighting for something that they believed in, the Mirabal sisters made a name for themselves in the Dominican Republic and in Julia Alvarez’s novel In the Time of the Butterflies. By applying a theory to a novel, readers can relate the book to the world they are living in today (Davidson). Feminism can be defined as a dynamic philosophy and social movement that advocates for human rights and gender equality (“Feminism”). Feminist Theory involves looking at how women in novels are portrayed, how female characters are reinforcing stereotypes or undermining them, and the challenges that female characters face (Davidson).
Among the recurring themes in this literature were pictures of gender and class discriminations (Freedman 363-64). "From personal journals writing, novels and memoirs to exposes of abuse with titles such as I never told anyone, women named what has been silenced" (Freedman 365). The diction that women used in their novels and poetry was full of pride and portrayed their goal of finally coming of age and becoming independent. By telling how their lives have been
In terms of writing ideology, Marcia Muller advocated extending the boundaries of the genre; the impact of Thatcherism and Reaganism endowed women with individualized power and control; female writers begun to depict how women detectives alleviate their solitariness in the novels (Reddy 197). Moreover, the plot of feminist crime fiction was expanded, which means that specific crime investigation was connected to a larger social problem involved with women’s oppression in the society (Reddy 198). What is worth mentioning is that the author also points out the changes in the theme of violence and resistance in feminist crime fiction. More specifically, using violence has become optional for female detectives, and they often employ violence for defense (Reddy 198-99). And female detectives (for instance, Anna in Liza Cody’s Bad Company, 1982) not only resist against violence and patriarchal control but also fight back against the social containment and gender limitation (Reddy
Deshpande is acelebrated woman novelist who has great assessment for the welfare of women in society. Her approach to feminism is positive. Whereas Deshpande, a serious novelist, who never go after dupery, brought out an honest voice for women to make self- awareness. Shashi Deshpande has been fighting to regain the same social, economic and political rights for women like man. TIGHT SPOT OF A WOMAN: Novel is a symbol of Post colonialism in India.
In almost all her novels we see discord comes into existence when protagonists try to co-exist with the traditional and modern values to create an identity of their own. The affliction and anguish that come with the ordeals of following the traditional values and to combine these values with the modern values of the present time make them strong female characters. She has not out-rightly rejected either the traditional or modern value system but has focused in harmonizing these two different trends. Though she is living in modern times and settled in America, there is a feeling of belongingness and rootedness to India and her interest in women make her feel that women should be free from the patriarchal
In this paper I have tried to emphasize on the treatment of women in the writings of the first modern Hindi women writer, Krishna Sobti. I have taken up two of her later novels, Aye Ladki and Mitro Marjani. Aye Ladki, which is believed to be written after Sobti’s mother’s death, presents the picture of two different types of Indian women. Sobti’s fiction moves from the conventional image of women to their bold and independent incarnation. The first story is about a mother, who lived her life in a tradition-bound society and her daughter, who wants to live her life according to her own will, away from the influence of patriarchy.
As a literary movement, feminism in African novels has a long tradition in bringing about change in society, especially on how women are treated. It tries to elucidate unfairness and humiliation of women and focuses its attention on their emancipation and awakening. Adichie portrays her female characters not as the usual depiction of women in African novels as mere sex symbols - inferior beings who should be under the control of men – but rather as an audacious and self reliant woman. The innovative writers of Africa have a clear mental picture of the ideal society and they have stressed on the need to combine the best in the old cultural traditions with the progressive ideas of the modern world. They have also expressed their bitterness against the corruption in the independent African states and they have protested against the dictatorial forces, which are trying to mishandle the
The novel is the voice of those who break the image of traditional and ideological women and speak against the age old conventions to define and honor themselves. It is a shared journey with shared confession of their submission and suppression. The story of each of the ladies is thought provoking, appealing, and inspiring in their own way. Anita Nair in her acknowledgement to the Ladies Coupe has said that “…this novel is about ordinary women and their indomitable spirit” (vii). In other words, her novel is an exponent of the Existentialistic spirit.
And a girl child has always been considered a burden on the family. This paper focuses on the struggles that Indian women faces in challenging the traditional gender roles assigned to them by the society. The journey of Indian women to achieve gender equality and empowerment has been analysed in this paper through the works of two eminent Indian writers, who have successfully carved some of the strong women who are ready to face the world on their own without depending on any male counterparts. The two novels discussed in the paper are Shashi Deshpande’s A Matter of Time and Shobhan Bantwal’s The Forbidden Daughter. A Matter of Time focuses on three women of three generations of