Initially the British East India Company made considerable trade with India and searched for a safe harbor in Malaya and therefore in 1819 they founded a trading post at Singapore. Then, in 1824, came into play the treaty of London dividing the land between the British and the Dutch and therefore Britain gained Melaka. Some revolutions arose and were violently repressed but this firmer clutch, as well, started to soften up and in 1853. Britain removed the taxes on tin, then established a protectorate and with increasing influence more Malayan states joined its protectorate, and Britain respected it’s terms. Britain faced the Japanese, even if she lost, in 1942 and then regained control in late 1944 and in 1946 formed the Malayan Union therefore placing the former crown controlled colonies under a unified administration but because it wanted to separate Singapore from it keeping it as a directly controlled crown colony, dissent increased and finally the Malayan Union was replaced 2 years later by the Federation of Malaya which echoed the original positions of the Malayan
Introduction: Civil disobedience is a refusal of citizens to disobey a law of the state, command of the government or any rule of an occupying international power. It is usually a nonviolent resistance against an authority, and it has been historically a powerful tool in democratic countries to influence governments by their people for various reasons. Japan: 1: What were the origin and causes of civil disobedience in that country? In history, civil disobedience in Japan can be seen on a massive scale in opposition of Japanese to the 1960 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan. Signed first in 1952 at San Francisco Presidio, the Security Treaty was amended on January of 1960 between the US and Japan
This attack was a turning point for the United States because this was one factor that brought them into World War II to fight against the Axis Powers. In conclusion, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because of their nationalist mentality, America’s embargo of oil to Japan and fearing that the United States will attack them first. The first reason why Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor was because the Japanese had nationalistic and narcissistic political mentality. The Japanese believed the Yamato race was a superior race to the other Asian race(Document A). They also believed they will become the “new order” once Europe and America crumble and become the “old orders”(Document A).
War broke out between the Sunni and Shi’ites after a Shi’ite leader claimed the title of Imam and began to establish Shia rule throughout the Middle East. Unfortunately, the conflict between the Sunni and the Shi’ite is one that still goes on today. When Europeans were brought into the Middle East as advisors and trade partners to the Ottomans, the culture in that region changed further. European military tactics and weapons were adopted, direct trade was established, and modernization became the goal of Ottoman society. In India, there was also religious turmoil.
Just as the United States was on the right path to bring their economy back to life, the next world war came. At the beginning of the war, the United States remained uninvolved. However, countries like Italy, Germany, and Japan, attacked other countries. The majority of the American citizens wished that their country would stay out of the conflict. Yet, despite the citizens’ attitude, the congress voted to induct American soldiers, as well as strengthen the military.
Gandhi advocated for an India that is self-governed in accordance with Indian principles, values, and practices. Not one that simply operates within a British structure. Further, Gandhi allocates a small portion of his book to scrutinize modern civilizations and modern technologies. In this paper, through the examination of Gandhi 's theories proposed in his book "Hind Swaraj," I will contend that although Gandhi 's view of how civilization ought to be and Indian self-rule does hold some truth, there are various deficiencies in his reasoning and what implications his writing has on our modern society. Initially, it is imperative to define Gandhi 's conceptualization of what civilization is.
The first reason is that the British and Poland had a Treaty. The second reason is that the Japanese invaded Singapore which belonged to the British. The third reason is that the British economy was bad after WW1. The first reason, why did the British Enter WW2 is that the British and Poland had a treaty. When Germany invaded Poland, British will help Poland and enter the war.
In fact, Ralph A. Bard, Undersecretary of the Navy wrote to Secretary of War Stimson in a June 27, 1945 memorandum. “I define this decision as an emotional and reckless decision, Japanese government may be searching for some opportunity which they could use as a medium of surrender” (Bard). In fact, the Japanese government expressed desire to end the war, and would have accepted conditional surrender before the mainland invasion in November. The reason for dropping the bomb was forcing Japan to surrender unconditionally. In America’s opinion, Japan had lost the war; they did not have any capital to negotiate with.
In 1919 WWI just ended, the Allied powers convened the Paris Peace Conference to determine punishments for the Central Powers and the Allies’ benefits for helping win the war. The new compromises were composed of false hopes and promises, disputed territorial claims, and a weak League of Nations that soon fell apart, because of these, tensions arose and the conference became a catalyst for WW2. Japan contributed greatly to help win WW1, however, they were not seen as equals, and they were not part of the Big 4, that was composed of, Briton, Italy, France and the chairman of the conference the United States. Japan having lost lives and property from the war thought they should be equals with the Big 4 and not have policies made unfairly against them. The proposal received a majority vote, however, the Big 4 voted against the proposal and the United States as chairman stopped it.