But the pioneers of the industry were actually foreigners. In 1896, the Lumiere brothers demonstrated the art of cinema when they screened Cinematography consisting of six short films to an enthusiastic audience in Bombay. The success of these films led to the screening of films by James B. Stewart and Ted Hughes. In 1897, Save Dada made two short films, but the fathers of Indian cinema were Dada Saheb Phalke who in 1913 made the first feature length silent film and Ardeshir Irani who in 1931 made India's first talking film. With the demise of the silent era and the advent of the talkies, the main source for inspiration for films came from mythological texts.
The Dirty Dozen The Dirty Dozen is a historical fiction film, released in 1967. It won an Oscar for Best Effects, Sound Effects. The film also received three Oscar nominations and one Golden Globe nomination. The Dirty Dozen was directed by Robert Aldrich. Robert Aldrich started his film career in 1941 as a production clerk at RKO pictures, he worked his way up and in the mid 1950’s created his own production company.
Nur Saleha Saini S10148536J Term Paper Life & Death: Malay Film Productions In 1925, the Shaw brothers by the names Runje, Runme and Runde founded Tianyi Film Company, also known as Unique, in Shanghai. (SCHOOL LIBRARY) Finding too much competition, more than ten years later in 1937, the Shaw brothers revealed plans to expand the company to Southeast Asia. The brothers did this by setting up a production house in Malaya to make Malay films that will cater the local audience. The studio was initially reported to be opened in Gopeng, Perak, however, in 1940, the brothers built a $20,000 studio located at Moulmein Road, recruiting Chinese directors named Wan Hoi-Ling and Hou Yao. Equipment and crew were brought over from Hong Kong to be used on these Malay films that starred Malaya’s own actors and
25th President William McKinley had the honor of being the first president of being caught on film. Another honorable fact was he was the first president to have his inauguration be photographed. Edison’s Manufacturing Company had the privilege to shot a short news-film during an appearance at the Pan-American Expo one day before McKinley was assassinated. Thomas A. Edison’s Manufacturing Company released an early surviving stop-motion example animation. It was called Fun in a Bakery Shop released in 1902 by Edwin S. Porter.
INTFILM A51 Film Review for The Birth of a Nation (1915) The Birth of a Nation: A Slow Painful Birth By Jorel G. Cortel Considered by many film critics as a landmark in American filmmaking, The Birth of a Nation is a silent film drama released in 1915 directed, co-produced, and co-written by David W. Griffith. The stars include Henry B. Walthall, Lillian Gish, Mae Marsh, and Miriam Cooper. It is based on the book The Clansman by T.F. Dixon, Jr. The film revolves around the relationship of the Stoneman family from the north (Washington, D.C.) and the Cameron family from the south (South Carolina) during the American Civil War in the 1860s and tackles the discrimination/slavery of African-Americans.
Musical theatre is able to address important and controversial topics such as racism, women’s rights, and violence in an entertaining and fresh way. Audiences can relate to characters who embody American life and values. American musical theatre positively affected and reflected the culture of 20th century America by addressing the social issues of each generation. One of the most pivotal musicals of the 20th century was Show Boat which helped make theatre what it is today. Show Boat, composed by Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II, opened December 27, 1927, and was the first musical to be based off of a novel (Show Boat Introduces American Musical Theater).
His first contact with films came when he played the violin in a small orchstra that accampanied silent pictures. Documentary-maker at first, he switched soon to fiction in the late 1920s. His more popular films are fiction features in the 1930s and 40s, mainly melodrames, played by the most brilliant stars of that time such as Jean Gabin and Michele Morgan, or by his favourite actress, Madeleine Renaud. For those films, Gremillon ordered professional composers to write the music. One of them is Henri Dutilleux who composed the music for Gremillon 's last fiction feature, L’Amour d’une femme (The Love of a Woman,1953).
Laborer’s Love (1922), a silent film made by Chinese cinema pioneers Zhang Shichuan and Zheng Zhengqiu, is said to be “the earliest complete extant Chinese film” (Zhang, 90). Despite the film’s numerous similarities to Harold Lloyd 's Never Weaken (1921), Zhang Zhen argues in her writing that Laborer’s Love was ultimately a product of the “nascent…urban culture” and “confluence of discourses and practices of shadow-play” in Shanghai during the 1910s-1920s (100). Zhang Yingjin reiterates this notion, highlighting that since it “was a transitional moment in Chinese films, the producers threw in pieces grabbed from various sources”, resulting in “a mixture of disparate, sometimes contradictory elements” within Laborer’s Love (25). This response
V.I Pudovkin said that, “the foundation of film art is editing.” (Giannetti 2001:133) Early editing dates back to the late 1800’s. What became known as the Silent Period, 1885-1930, saw immense experimentation and new ideas blossom in terms of film editing which developed as different visionary individuals who still influence how we edit today, shaped it. Dancyger (2011:3) states that the first motion pictures date back to 1895, and editing was minimal if not non-exist. These films were about one minute in length. The cameras were placed without screen direction or compositional considerations and even lights were a variable.