Testing equipments, environment for count an water for its hardness total solids & fresh milk analysis. Whenever milk enters the plant before receiving it milk is testing for its quality. In case of tanker separate sample is drawn for each portion with the help of plunger. The sample are taken to Q.C. Lab and tested for different platform tests.
Maintenance of farms and cows is hard work, requiring long hours of work and physical labor. To keep dairy farms clean of infections and bacteria, water usage is a must. Flushing systems are used for manure and can use up to 150 gallons of water per cow, per day with an average of five hundred cows present in a farm. Daily, an average sized farm uses around one hundred thousand gallons of water every day, only for the disposal of manure. In a world where one billion people have no access to drinkable water and two point five billion people are without toilets, and billions of people living in unsanitary conditions,(http://www.ecorazzi.com/2012/03/22/world-water-day-10-places-most-in-need-of-clean-water/) why do we continue to harm the world by wasting water to consume animal products that do nothing but harm our bodies and the
The raw materials are processed through a number of stages. Taste and quality are checked and maintained throughout these stages by food experts. When everything is done, large blocks of chocolate are rolled and cut into small bars. The packaging is done by costly machines. Then the packaged pieces of Cadbury Dairy Milk are sent to the warehouses so that they can be supplied to the distributors of every kind.
PRICING SYSTEMS IN DAIRY SECTOR Various pricing systems functioning in the country for milk procurement are given below: 1. Pricing on fat content A very large section of dairy industry is buying the milk on fat basis, disregarding the SNF content of milk. This is practiced by most private dairies. The advantage involves discouraging adulteration with water or separated milk or, mixing of cow milk with buffalo milk. A disadvantage of this system is that it discourages production of cow milk.
The process of milk production includes next steps: reception, testing of milk, storage in tank, pasteurization, packing, cold store. Pasteurized Milk have to be tested at all steps of the manufacturing to determine presence of hazards and measure critical control points. During the reception, storage and pasteurization processes of the milk production hazard analysis have to be conducted to reveal presence of all potential hazards. Biological hazards may include contamination with vegetative pathogens; chemical hazards – sanitizing and cleaning deposits, micotoxin; physical hazards – foreign materials such as metal shaving, gasket materials. The next important step is control measures during each step of milk manufacturing.
The cost of production is affected by high prices for animal feeds, inputs and electricity and due to poor infrastructure, poor animal husbandry practices, lack of formal milk markets in some areas and lack of credit to farmers and processors. Poor quality of milk is the quality of milk delivered to the dairies is a big challenge for the dairy processors. Poor milking practices, a fragmented small-scale dairy farming system and lack of cooling and storage facilities at the farm provide huge challenges to the farmers’ ability to meet the specifications of the dairies, resulting in poor quality milk to the dairies (Busari,
As seen in figure 1, only a mere 3% of the money earned from a chocolate bar goes to the original farmer, while a whopping 43% - more than 14 times of what the farmers earn, goes to the profits of the retail shops and supermarkets. Figure 1. (Torre & Jones, 2014) The shocking inequality in the dividends of a chocolate bar help explain the curious contradiction that cocoa farmers remain so poor despite the fact that demand for chocolate is at an all-time high. This in turn affects the socio-economic conditions in the country and perpetuates the high rates of poverty inflicting these farmers. In struggling to simply make a living, these farmers often do not have the adequate resources to pursue other job or education alternatives and are unable to move up the social ladder and improve their living conditions.
Abstract: The problem that plague Indian agriculture at present are the capital and labour , especially in the rural areas. Problems related to irrigation, market and transport facility add significant cost to farmers' operations. Since long time, Indian farmers have been facing a number of socioeconomic problems, such as harassment by moneylenders, inability to repay debts following crop loss, inability to get medical treatment for the family, etc. The problem is compounded by lack of positive and cooperative support from banks especially in the face of inclement weather and market fluctuations. There is no commercially available machines for De-husking manually operated have yet been developed that can reliably remove husk and selling
Irrigation is important to feeding the planet. Though solely seventeen % of the world 's cropland is irrigated, it produces over thirty three % of our food, creating it roughly 2 and a times as productive as rain-fed agriculture. In spite of the pressing would like for enlargement, less new land is currently being brought beneath irrigation than within the early Nineteen Seventies. this is often due to the shortage of appropriate land, the rising value of constructing irrigation systems and also the insufficiency of water itself. Bureaucratic interference, faulty management, lack of involvement of users, interrupted water provides and poor construction have all diode to poor performance, that has discouraged investment.
There is competition from small unorganized retail shop which takes market share. 3. Although there are some organized supermarkets, they are not able to provide full satisfaction to customers in terms of quality, price, convenience, service etc. 4. The supermarket is backed by huge investment and most of the supermarkets do not have guarantee success.