Chaman Nahal is also another major novelist of name who belongs to this period. After Nineteen eighties is the period of pseudo new fiction which includes new novelists like Salman Rushdie, Vikram Seth, Upamanyu Chatterjee, Shashi Deshpande, Shashi Tharoor, Amitav Ghosh, Amit Choudhary, Arundhati Roy, Kiran Desai, Arvind Adiga and others. These novelists heralded a new eon in the history of Indian English Literature. They experimented with new themes and techniques. Vikram Seth has experimented even with the form of the novel.
Some of the essays in, Literary Journalism in the Twentieth Century (1990) by Norman Sims (Ed.) also deal with the journalistic fiction. One can find biographical and critical profiles of a number of new journalists in, A Sourcebook of American Literary Journalism: Representative Writers in an Emerging Genre (1992) by Thomas Connery. John C. Hartsock shows in his revealing study, A History of American Literary Journalism: The Emergence of a Modern Literary Form, that the roots of this distinctive form of writing can be traced at least as far back as the late nineteenth
The history of the Indian English novel can be dubbed as the story of a ‘metamorphosing India’. India has, since time immemorial, always served as a land of stories, the strict segregation between ritual and reality being quite a thin line. Under men like Mulk Raj Anand, Raja Rao and R.K. Narayan, the historical journey of the Indian English novel had begun to take its gigantic strides into the world of post-colonialism and a concept of the daring Indian novelists had emerged. The history of Indian English novel speaks a different global tongue, unrestrained to any particular culture or heritage - the perfect language of the ‘displaced intellectual’. History of Indian English novels continues with Kamala Das scouting women`s quandary in India and the world and others like Shashi Deshpande portraying characters who blame their self-satisfaction for their pitiable state of affairs.
Either voluntary or forced such spatial movements from one’s native land to the foreign land are very common during post-colonial and postmodern globalized period. Diaspora as an area of study got popularity and propagation during the post 1990, prior to 1990 there was very little academic interest in the term and very few
Post-colonialism marks the end of the colonial period and the beginning of new era. People have relieved from the clutches of the colonial rule which lasted for one hundred and fifty years in the subcontinent. Post colonialism has become a very debatable topic for the postcolonial thinkers with reference to the subalterns, especially after the publication of ‘In the Words’ by Spivak (1987), ‘The Empire Writes Back’ by Aschcroft (1989), Nation and Narration (1990) by Bhabha and Culture and Imperialism by Edward Said (1993). The very first attempt goes back to Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth (1990), as he says: The first step for the colonized people in finding a voice and an identity is to reclaim their own past. For centuries, the Europeans
Diasporic writing is explained to a person who had settled in another country due to any reasons and still has an urge and impression of their homeland or home country. Diasporic writers are from different ‘home’ and ‘nation’. Jhumpa Lahiri is considered to be the famous diasporic writer in the postcolonial age. The debut nine short stories collection, Interpreters of Maladies reveals the inconsistency of the concept of identity and cultural differences in the space of diaspora. The debut short story Interpreters of Maladies is a collection of nine short stories and for the study the
modernism in eliots poetry is reflected noy only in form but also in theme and content . one of the inescapable effects of industrial civilization is the dominant place in it of the large city or metropolis with its anonymous , rootless citizen. Yet there are very few poems in English after the middle of the eighteenth century which have the city as their subject or background though blake poem London is striking exception. For the poet’s of the nineteenth centrury the city was somehow alien and unsuitable as a object of poetry. Writing in the early years of the twentieth century the Georgian shared this attitude and there poetry is traditional in formal and largely rural in setting .in this context the urban setting of eliots poems was quite revolutionary and he has been righly described as “ the great master of city theme among the modern poets “.
“At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.” (Pandit Jawaherlal Nehru in his “Tryst with Destiny” speech on August 14-15,1947 in the the midnight hour) These days are the flowering phases of Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation. India is a land of diversity and its business world opened in 1990 – 1991 through the trade liberalization policies of P V Narasimha Rao Government . And literature is the reflection of true life with wide variety of universal emotions. A close study of Indian English Literature too bear more testimonials to it. One of the theories that exerted a strong influence on the Indian English Literature is that of Post Colonialism.
Indian English Literature from the last two decades has gained immense recognition all over the world. The fictional writers from Raja Rao to Salmon Rushdie have focused on transformation of values, social patterns and transition in the society. Indian English Literature is also referred as Indo-Anglian literature. This term was coined by J.H. Cousins in 1883.
Indian Culture as Depicted in the Novel of R.K. Narayan’s The English Teacher Prathicksha Moorthy, B.A., English – Final Year, Bishop Appasamy College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore Sarah .J, B.A., English – Final Year, Bishop Appasamy College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore “She (India) has left indelible imprints on one fourth of the human race in the course of a long succession of centuries. She has the right to reclaim . . . her place amongst the great nation summarizing and symbolizing the spirit of humanity.