On their way to Mumbai, they joined Kalaram temple satyagraha at Nashik when he saw the community members there. He got the collective sense in their company. ‘On the day of the agitation, there were people everywhere, greeting each other with ‘Jai Bhim’. Around 20,000 people had assembled there. Truly, with such a big force, who would dare treat us as subhuman, I wondered.’ (Jadhav 128) He resumed Ambedkar movement as well as a job in Railway Department in Mumbai.
INTRODUCTION Literature is one of the fine arts that use language as a medium of expression. In literature, language and culture may change but the nature of human remains the same in the world of literature. Among the world of literature, Indian English literature has occupied a dynamic place in its own quality. India is a country which has been made with distinct religious belief and various regions which has its own regional languages. There are so many differences within India, in the aspects of their region, religion, culture and language.
Basham whose book, The Wonder That Was India (1951) was an early attempt at extending the parameters of Indian historiography. His book surveyed the different facets of ancient Indian culture without the prejudices that marked earlier European works. By the 1980s, there was another spur in Indian history writing that were influenced by the earlier nationalist historians. This genre of history is often referred to as communal history as it overplays myths and legends, while censuring all critical studies of the Brahmanical social structure and even support the caste system laid out in the manusmriti. The communal writers are heavily influenced by Hindutva ideologies and heavily criticise eminent historians that adhere to objective standards of historiography.
Prahalad views modern India has many languages, religions and traditions with diverse cultures. Children begin by coping and learning to accept and assimilate in this diversity. Prahalad says , that Indians, like everyone else in the world, should be treated as unique, as individuals, expressing themselves seeking innovation Nancy Lockwood of Society for Human Resource Management, world 's largest human resources association with members in 140 countries, writes that in the past two decades traditional Indian culture has undergone great social change by giving education opportunities to girls, accepting women working in office, expecting a career, and women attaining managerial roles in corporate India. though slow, out of India 's 397 million workers, 124 million are now women a great cultural change Amartya Sen, the India born Nobel Laureate in Economics, modern India culture is complexed with historical traditions, colonialism influenced over centuries and current Western culture - both collaterally and dialectically. Sen observes that external images of India in the West often tend to emphasise the difference - real or imagined - between India and the West.
This native language is careful pure it is addressed as a standard model of comparison .This however have caused difficulties for non- naive writers of Indian English Literature and it is more the rarely that have to protector themselves writing again, in English. The term Indo-Anglian is used to denote original literary creation in the English language by Indians. Today these are a large number of education Indians who use the English language as a medium of the creation exploration and expression of their experience of
In modern time, there are number of writers who are getting awards and accolades all over the world. Indian English Literature is an honest enterprise to demonstrate the ever rare gems of Indian Writing in English. From being a singular and exceptional, rather gradual native flare - up of geniuses, Indian Writing has turned out to be a new form of Indian voice in which India converses regularly. Indian Writers - poets, novelists, essayists, and dramatists have been making enormous contributions to world literature since pre - Independence era, the past few years have witnessed a prospering and thriving of Indian English Writing in the global market. The modified English over which the Indian writers have mastered is now used for an unbiased presentation of the Indian reality to reveal the 'true ' situation to the readers all over the world.
1930s began with the arrival of the three major Indo-Anglican novelists, Mulk Raj Anand, R. K. Narayan and Raja Rao. This coincides with the final phase of the nationalist movement which for the first time in Indian history evokes the masses of our peoples to their political rights and responsibilities. Most of the works written by male writers focused only on caste, class, hybridity, domination faced by women etc.
It is thus beyond controversy that a systematic effort must be henceforth be made to promoted the serious study of the vernaculars in secondary school, intermediate colleges and the university(as cited in Pattanayak, 1990). The history of India is tied up with Gujarat as far as Britishers and English Language is concerned because the first arrival of the Britishers and English education was on sea shore of Gujarat (Chauhan, 2012). Earlier the Government was in favor of introducing English from the class 1st as a compulsory subject. Later on due to political compulsions it decided to start from class 3rd. Another significant change was making English compulsory at the Secondary Board examination from year 2007.
The Indian novelists in English, by using various linguistic and stylistic devices, have succeeded in infusing the rhythm of Indian languages into English and in assigning the Indian sensibility. Their language items form Indian thought and imagery and acquire a distinctive identity and elasticity. In the words of Prof. Gokak, Indian English Literature represents the evolution of a distinct standard, the body of which is English but whose soul is Indian in color, thought and imagery. There are different opinions regarding this experimentation in the style. Meenakshi Mukherjee states that the style is not integral to the author’s point of view but something added to the material like ‘icing on the cake or embroidery on a sari’.