In Kate Chopin’s literary piece “The Awakening” she uses the literary school of criticism of feminist criticism to criticize the feminist standpoint in the novel and the time period the novel was written. Kate Chopin uses self experiences of feminism that she faced to create her novel “The Awakening”. "she experienced a revival in the latter part of the twentieth century because of her concerns with women 's issues, especially their freedom from societal (particularly masculine) mandates” (Timko). Kate Chopin was recognized more in the later part of the twentieth century because of concerns she had with the women 's issues for their freedom and the social aspect of their male partners. With the concerns that Chopin had for the freedom of the women and the social part of their relationship with men and had decided to show her concerns through the novel.
Victorian literature is a literature written in England during the reign of Queen Victoria, or roughly from 1837 -1901. It is largely characterized by the struggle of working people and the success; of right over wrong. It happened to be in the Victorian era (1837–1901) that the novel became the leading classification in English. Women played an important part in this rising popularity both as authors as well as readers. Little Women is a novel by American author Louisa May Alcott (1832–1888), the title of the book was meant to highlight the inferiority of women as compared to men, or, alternatively, describe the lives of simple people, "unimportant" in the social sense.
Women as Seen in Trifles There were a lot of outstanding female literary figures that saw emergence during the 19th century. One of the many women writers that became known was Susan Glaspell. Glaspell’s works saw her struggle with arguments such as gender and differences and other related concerns, thus making it as one of the 19th century’s legacy. In the middle of an artistic revival and renaissance, Glaspell together with her beloved husband, George Cook, started to write about the issues they were seeing. But in 1915, she started writing the Provincetown Players and saw the involvement of other female writers like Kate Chopin and Fanny Fern to the making of one-act play, the Trifles.
Women Empowerment Ads – Stereotype or Effective? The early nineteenth century saw the spread of socio-religious reform movements in India. Apart from caste, another main focus of these movements was women. They worked towards the upliftment of women – liberating women from the low social status they were ascribed. During the hundred and fifty odd years that followed, we slowly transitioned from the concept of ‘women upliftment ' to ‘women empowerment '.
This continued from the Renaissance all the way up to the Age of Enlightenment, after which the attitude toward women began to improve. Literature played an important role in this and the first signs of feminism was seen through the writings of prolific women such as Mary Wollstonecraft. John Milton’s works indicated a lot regarding his thoughts on women. However, years have passed and scholars still argue about his true proclivities towards the female gender. Some indict him on an unabashed charge of misogyny while some feel that he is a closet feminist, endeavouring to elevate the position of women through his what he writes.
Although feminism in literature began in early 1960’s, there were many writers who had been preparing for it since long. In English fiction the first few names that come to mind in that respect are Bronte sisters who gave much more power to the woman characters than known earlier. This aspect of their writing has not been explored fully by the critics and scholars. This paper is focused on the elements of feminism in their fiction which paved way for later generation authors and inspired them to present the women characters in more meaningful ways in their literary works. Key words: Feminism, Bronte Sisters, Victorian literature, Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte, Anne Bronte “This has always been man’s world”1 laments Simone de Beavouir.
Aware of such a situation, the women writers gave preference to the female identity in a male-dominated society. The idea of women’s individuality made the women the women put forth questions such as Who they are? Where they are heading to? and How they should shape their future in a male- dominated society? Margaret Atwood has carved a niche in the minds of the literary readers as a leading literary artist.
At the same time, women education became more and more important within the society. Women from upper- and middle-class were exposed to education and so began to extend their activities in terms of social, economic and political fields. Being inspired by these changes, it is not surprise to find “Women Questions” in the 19th century literature. These works reveal severe case of gender inequality and enhance the awareness of women right in that era. Also, writers start to create female protagonists who are different from the
EMERGENCE OF THE NEW INDIAN WOMEN: SHASHI DESPHANDE’S NOVELS The writings of women writers are marked by concern for love, problems of the middle class, the unsavory treatment meted out to women by the society and the need for sensitivity in human relationships. The first generation of writers in Indo Anglican literature, like Kamala Markandaya, Anita Desai, Ruth Prawar Jhabvala, Bharathi Mukerjee and Nayantara Sehgal provided the necessary impetus, which is followed by an opulence of literary talent. Of the second generation writers, Shashi Desphande displays her artistry and craftsmanship by dealing with the sensitive issues of the middle class educated Indian Women. The protagonists of all the three novels The Dark Holds no Terrors,
ABSTRACT Literature is one of the fine arts like music and painting. It is an expression of life through the medium of language .literature is composed of books which are of great human interest due to their subject matter and mode of presentation. Indian English literature refers to work of writers in India who writer in the English literature and whose native or co-native language could be one of the numerous languages of India. Women’s suffering is before the 19th century, young women lived under the economic and disciplinary authority of their fathers until they married and passed under the control of their husbands. In order to secure a satisfactory marriage, a woman needed to bring a substantial dowry.