Indian Migration In India

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Migration is a process through which people moves from one place of residence to another. Movements of individuals imply an element of disassociation from the usual and familiar world. Besides, it leads to an involvement with a new environment, a new context of physical space and social relations. Migrants may be known to the new environment or totally unfamiliar with the place. The United Nations defines Migration as movement of a person or a group of persons either across on international border or within a state. It includes migration of refugees, displaced persons, economic migrations and persons moving from other purpose including family reunification etc. Migrant workers include any people working outside of their home country. The…show more content…
Suffered from serious social disabilities the lower castes longed for migration to individual centers. Their growing realization of their humiliated position and the prospects of freedom in the industrial centers insisted them to migrate, so they could escape from the sufferings of social disabilities (Roy, 1918) The characteristic feature of labour in India is its migratory character. Therefore, migration of labour assumes great significance in the Indian economy. Migration is as a result of unequal development which resulted in the movement from backward regions to developed regions. In India migrants are mostly from remote villages, often are less educated and cautious about different preventive measures. Most of them are inter-state migrants and has poor language skills that prevent them from understanding the safety precautions given and to voice the…show more content…
This has led to a decline in the availability of workforce in Kerala especially in unskilled jobs. Traditionally, the largest number of migrant workers in Kerala used to come from Tamil Nadu. But as in2015, 75% of the migrant workers are come from 5 states namely West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Uttar Pradesh and Odisha. 60% of them work in construction sector. According to the the survey report of Gulathi Istitute of Finance and Taxation, there are over 40 lakh domestic migrant labourers in Kerala from other states of India, as well as from Bangladesh and Nepal. In-migrant construction workers are risk of developing certain health disorders and sickness than workers in many industries. The work is hard physical labour often under difficult conditions like adverse weather conditions and the nature of work, low pay and poor living conditions with lack of basic amenities and separation from family. Lack of job security and lack of access to occupational health service make the situations worse. Migration has been largely associated with the exploitation of the migrant workers specially the poor, illiterate, unskilled categories. At distant places these migrants, who are taken but the contractors, suffer over work and under payment. The workers are often living in crowded rooms with little space to move. Life is not easy
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