The religion of the area before Sundiata and the Mali Empire revolved around the worship of nature spirits, but the gold and salt trade brought in Muslim traders who spread Islam among the people. Mansa Musa was perhaps one of the most famous Muslims is Malian history. Mansa Musa, along with Sundiata, had expanded the borders of the empire into the surrounding land during his rule. Because of this, there were many diverse language and culture groups that came into Mali’s rule. Trade also introduced Arab and Islamic culture, along with the Arabic writing system.
Most people would say that Islam was the main factor. But others would argue and say that geography was the main factor. It was proven, however, that geography was the main factor for creating the wealth and power in the West African Empires. The reason to why this is true is because of the salt and gold trade, when caravans from Djenne came to Timbuktu, and the trade routes. One reason to why geography
By examining these four documents one can easily see the diverse exchanges throughout the Indian Ocean Basin by the spread of trade and religion. One can easily compare these exchanges to that of the Silk Road in the post classical era of history. Just as the Indian Ocean Basin helped spread religion to east and southeast Asia, similarly, the Silk Road spread Buddhism to southeast and central Asia. From this evidence, it is clear that the dynamics of cross-cultural exchanges in the Indian Ocean Basin was mainly through trade and
He was crowned emperor in 1323 and he became the first Muslim ruler in west Africa. On this trip, Musa took along so much gold and was donating lots of it as he went along to many of the countries that were suffering and were less fortunate financially. It was told that his stop in Cairo, Egypt had
Due to the aggravating heat and dryness, vineyards were not capable of growing. Seeing that this was a common shortage in Egypt, the Phoenicians would export Greek and Ionian wine to Egypt for other valuable materials such as silver, gold, linen, and pottery. In addition to the cross-cultural trade, the Phoenician trading system was highly effective, so much so that it was most likely them that were able to restart trade in the Mediterranean after the collapse of civilization after the end of the Bronze Age. Naturally, due to their reputation in the Mediterranean as expert traders and their long existence in the trading routes of this sea, their culture managed to leave a legacy on the
France and Britain were the main conquer in African colonies, because there conqueror of land in Africa. Founded in document D African colonies and their exports. Economic factors were more of a driving force behind imperialism since the imperialists were in search of natural resources for improving technology and their national pride. The Europeans went to Africa because of their many resources and their quantities of gold, fur, and yarn all superior resources for the Europeans. Africa had dealt with European
This was a major deal if you were considered the greatest or even close to the greatest. The driving forces behind European Imperialism in Africa the different levels of success based off economics, product production, and its usefulness. The fact that because of imports and exports nations were able to obtain much more that they couldn’t have gotten before that time. The Tanganyika exported rubber, cotton, sisal, and coffee. Cotton and rubber were two huge things that now other colonies
While Europe was plagued with diseases and constant warfare, Islamic kingdoms in Africa were prospering. After the fall of the Kingdom of Ghana, the Mali Empire rose to dominate Western Africa. It became one of the most prominent states in the Islamic world, in large part due to Musa Keita I. Considered to be one of the richest people to ever live, he has been credited with making the Mali Empire a cultural center in the Islamic world. Musa’s pilgrimage to Mecca, which not only was one of the grandest journeys in history but also had a significant influence on numerous kingdoms and the spread of Islam in Africa.
Mansa Musa, ruler of the Mali empire, richest man in history, how was he able to gain so much popularity? Mansa Musa was part of the Muslim religion, so it was part of his religion to take a religious journey, also known as pilgrimage or Hajj, to the holy city of Mecca. During his journey to Mecca Mansa gained a lot of popularity and was even able to bring back intelligent people like scientists, doctors, and teachers, to help him create a learning center in Timbuktu. Mansa gained a lot of wealth and popularity on his journey, so was his journey strictly for his Hajj, or was there more to it. Mansa Musa completed his Hajj not only for religous purposes, but to gain wealth, popularity, and to bring smarter people back with him to help him
Because the kingdom was so large, it controlled many trade routes and gold deposits, further aiding the prosperity of the empire. Over the next hundred years, Mali prospered. It had a complex political system involving a sultan, a full court complete with advisors, musicians, dancers, slaves, and an army of over 100,000 men. The amount of wealth possessed by the time of Mansa Musa’s rule in the early 1300s was so great that over the course of a single pilgrimage to Mecca, he accidentally destroyed the exchange rate of gold in Egypt, the effects of which lasted over a decade. Visitors noted that they felt no fear when travelling through the kingdom, thanks to its law-abiding citizens and strict justice system.
Between 300th century and 1400th century, the most powerful African kingdoms had achieved great goals, such as developing a trade system. The empires in Africa had a solid economy which was supported by their trade. Before the Europeans arrived, these empires had hierarchies and roles in society, which helped the trade system flourish. Some achievements Africa accomplished included trade, wealth, and a complex society. One way to recognize a thriving kingdom is to look at its trade and economy.
For example, the Ottoman Empire controlled the land surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, and the Baltic Sea thus was a part of a large sea trade network (doc 4). As a result, ideas and inventions were spread to this empire that improved people’s lives. Additionally, the Ottoman’s sphere of influence increased as well as they came in contact with other civilizations and further spread Islam. Furthermore, their economy grew and became wealthier as a larger amount of goods were entering the market and there was an increase in the exchange of products due to trade with multiple other empires. In addition, eastern coastal African towns like Mozambique, Zimbabawe, and Mogadishu were located along the sea network that connected India, Arabia and Africa, where exotic goods like animal skins, gold, and ivory were traded (doc 10b).
Before the arrival of the Europeans, African accomplished many achievements across all of their cities, empires and, kingdoms that defined their nation. Their achievements can be split into three groups, economics, politics, and culture. Before the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the African people developed great kingdoms in which they established a great way of life for themselves. The African empires, kingdoms and cities had a vast amount of achievements before the arrival of the Europeans, they had a great economy due to their plentiful trading, as well as a vivid culture lead by the generosity of their government. Africa 's thriving economy was mostly due to the consistent trading across the world.
The location had great impact on how Africa gained its’ resources. Not only was the Red Sea a major route for the Axum Empire, but it was also the spot of access that allowed trading to occur at ports such as the Gulf of Aden and the Nile River. Adulis was one of the many ports that the majority of people would trade at because of the location, and easy accessibility. Many merchants would go far distance just to reach Adulis to acquire goods from there. Goods such as salt, gold, ivory, gems, clothes, glass, and olive oil were a few products that were traded.
Islamic merchants also founded their own types of monasteries in the form of mosques, attracting travelers and local people to convert. These mosques also made more favorable conditions for Islamic merchants to conduct and prosper in already established, Islamic communities. Islam spread most effectively by trade on sea routes of maritime Asia and across the Sahara. Chinese ports acquired mosques, establishing foreign Islamic merchant communities that gradually attracted more Muslim merchants while