The Creek Indians were defeated and forced to sign treaties that would relinquish twenty-million acres of land. In Jacksons presidency, he was approved by Congress to fulfill the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This act granted land exchange which placed the natives in new property under U.S. protection. “Jackson and his followers were free to persuade, bribe, and threaten tribes into signing removal treaties and leaving the Southeast.”, he succeeded to where 50,000 eastern Indians were moved. Soldiers escorted the natives to their new territory.
The Ridge-Watie-boundinot faction of the Cherokee Nation, which Watie was a member of, supported removal to the Cherokee Nation, West. They signed the Treaty of New Echota in 1835, in defiance of Principal Chief John Ross and the majority of the Cherokees. Watie moved to the Cherokee Nation, West in 1837 and settled at
Between 1830 and 1850, the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, Creek, Seminole and Cherokee peoples were forced to leave their homelands to relocate further west. The Cherokee Nation removal in 1838 (the last forced removal east of the Mississippi) was brought on by the discovery of gold near Dahlonega, Georgia, in 1829, resulting in the Georgia Gold Rush.1 During the Trail of Tears (1838-1839), the Cherokee tribes were moved to the Indian Territory, near the Ozarks. They initially settled near Tahlequah, Oklahoma. This is where the tribes historically settled in 1838 to 1839, after the Indian Removal Act of 1830 passed during the presidency of Andrew Jackson.2 The removal included members of the Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw
In 1830 Andrew Jackson passed the “1830 Indian Removal Act” (2) though senate. Out of the five major Native American groups that were affected by this legislation, only the Cherokee decided not to run or give up, but rather fight in the courts. This led to the most referenced court case in the supreme court history. This court case is a mile stone in the United States History due to, the events leading up to the court case, the Supreme Court ruling represents, and what became of the court’s decision.
The cherokee (chair-uh-kee) tribe was a tribe located in the southeastern part of the United States in states like Georgia, North and South Carolina, Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee. Descendants now mostly live in Oklahoma. Many of the descendants now live in Oklahoma because of the Trail of tears which was the removal of Native americans by forcing them to Indian reservation, and if the tribes didn’t go by will the american army would force them.
It was designed to encourage the breakup of the tribes and promote the assimilation of Indians into American society. It would be the major Indian policy until the 1930s. Dawes’ goal was to create independent farmers out of Indians give them land and the tools for citizenship. The act, though well intentioned, before the passing of the act Native Americans owned about 138 million acres. By 1900, however, the amount of land had dropped to 78 million acres (Bickford-Duane, 2015).
Great intentions don’t always reflect in the actions. If the great intentions aren’t reflected in the actions they are not received by those being effected by them. This was the case with the Indian Removal Act of 1830. At the beginning of the 1830s, nearly 125,000 Indian tribes lived on millions of acres of land that their ancestors had occupied and cultivated for generations located in the south of east coast. By the end of the decade, very few Native Americans remained anywhere in the southeastern United States, the federal militias came to Georgia to force them to leave their homelands and walk thousands miles westward to a specific designated " Indian territory " across the Mississippi River.
He was accepted as one of them by the community of indians. He was given the Cherokee name “Coloneh,” which means “The Raven.” Ravens are crucial to Cherokee mythology. Houston later became the governor of Tennessee in 1827, 15 years after fighting under Andrew Jackson’s command.
Soon after becoming president, Jackson passed the former act which called for the relocation of native tribes from their homelands to a designated “Indian territory” in present-day Oklahoma. While Jackson had a clear idea of his plans, he befriended the tribes and promised them prosperity, friendship, and the possibility of becoming civilized children of God. In other words, he, the symbol of reassurance in America, stabbed the backs of all natives. Beyond the question of Jackson 's morality, what was the ultimate reason behind the removal? The answer to this is simple: white settlers wanted to grow and cultivate on Indian lands, and they attained this when the government pushed the natives out of their lands.
The Choctaw Indians were the original people found in in the Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, and Florida regions. They were forced along the Trail of Tears in the 1800 's. Most Choctaw descendants live in Oklahoma today. The Trail of Tears was a path on which many Native Americans were forced away from their original homelands, also know as the Indian Removal. Americans created an Indian Territory located in Oklahoma.
Did Andrew Jackson have a really big life in the 1800’s? Yes he did, starting in 1830, when he signed the Indian Removal Act on May 28, 1830. This allowed the president to grant unsettled land west of the Mississippi , in trade for Indian land within state borders. In 1838 the move had started. Some went peacefully, some did not.
In May of 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed The Indian Removal Act into law.32 This law allowed the president to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for tribal lands within State borders. Few Natives moved peacefully, most resisted the new relocation policy.35 Approximately 125,000 Natives of the ‘Five Civilized Tribes’ – Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole and Cherokee, lived on the millions of acres in Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina and Florida.36 As new settlers were flooding into the United States, prime farm land was coveted by them.37 Georgia passed laws limiting Native Peoples sovereignty and rights and the Natives used the courts to regain their rights.38 In a few cases, such as Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831)
The Trail of Tears was named so because of its devastating effects to the Cherokee nation. They were removed for one main reason, so their land could be used by the white men. Nobody had the right to take away their land. The land had been theirs since before the Europeans came and now they were being forcibly removed from it. On top of that, soldiers forced them to travel in the winter, causing thousands of Native Americans to die.