In the late 1830’s, where the United States was growing rapidly, whites faced an obstacle while trying to settle in the South. This area of land was home of the Cherokee and other Indian tribes. The Cherokee Indians signed treaties hoping that white settlers would not come for their land. Prompted by the state of Georgia along with the president, Andrew Jackson, whom did not like Indians, expelled the Cherokee Indians from their homeland. Cherokee’s pleas to Georgia and the Supreme Court did little to stop their removal.
Americans were rather hostile towards Native Americans, partially because of a predisposition of them being savages, but also because they had a tremendous amount of difficulty sharing the land. In 1819 when the US purchased florida, they drove out a tribe who had been living there to escape american authorities and placed them in a reservation in central florida. When Native americans attempted to use US law to fight back (1828 supreme court case, Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia) and won, the president at the time disregarded the ruling and placed the Cherokee in Oklahoma. The last blow came from the 1830 - Indian Removal Act which allowed the president to negotiate with the remaining native americans to move them to the west of the mississippi.
The Georgia government recognized that Worcester was influential in the Cherokee resistance movement and enacted a law that prohibited "white persons" from residing within the Cherokee Nation without permission from the state. When I first started researching the case, the sources I looked at gave no mention to the fact that Worcester was wanted and welcomed in the territory, or that he was helping the Cherokees with legal issues. The fact that he was helping with legal issues is probably the main reasons the Georgia government wanted him off the territory, as they wanted the Cherokees out of their boundaries.
After many excruciating and bloody battles, one example being the Battle of Horse Show Bend, Native American tribes began to realize they couldn’t defeat Americans in war. Instead they developed a strategy of appeasement. This plan consisted of the Native Americans giving up a large portion of their land, in hopes that they could retain some of it. However, appeasement and resistance did not work. Following, Andrew Jackson convinced congress to pass the Removal Act of 1830.
Manifest Destiny (first developed in 1845) was the idea that during the nineteenth century, America not only could but would expand from coast to coast. The accomplishment of this idea came with the removal of indians in areas like the great plains, as well as many smaller conflicts in between the indians and the Americans. The Americans attempted to make a compromise with the indians so that they would leave peacefully, examples of this would be the offer to pay the indians in the form of supplies and annuities. The idea was a good one until Americans denied a payment in 1862 because John pope regarded the Indians as “maniacs or wild beasts ” and states that they do not deserve treaties or anything of the sort. Another big factor in the expansion of America from coast to coast was the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad, not only with the people that it had brought to the west for the work, but the ease that it had provided for those who wanted to travel from the east to the west and did not have the money nor the time.
Some Comanche bands, like the Penateka whose band was weaken from continuous fighting with the Texan and the depletion of the buffalo herds in 1854 willingly moved onto a reservation. In 1867 saw the last treaty made with the Comanche under the Treaty of the Medicine Lodge Creek which established a reservation for the Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache Kiowa was made. Once the Comanche where forced onto the reservation their population was very low only about 1,600 forcing them to restructure Comanche lifestyle
After the Civil War ended many people were in hope of finding land since population was increasing. Since the West was underdeveloped and uncivilized, many decided to expand the land. First the Louisiana Purchase increased the opportunity of expansion. Then industrialization and the Homestead Act also caused many companies encouraged to move West due to the low cost of land and that the transportation was provided through the railroads. In order to complete such goals, something had to be done with the Natives since it conflicted with their home area.
In the letter, the Cherokee nation addresses several reason on why they should not have to move. One reason is that the new land if foreign to them. They are being expected to pack up, leave everything they know, and move to the unknown. Another reason to add on to the above is that there are other Native American tribe already
The Expansion of Georgia came with many conflicts such as the treaty of New York that was established in 1790 and caused the creeks to move west of the Okeene River. There was also the Yazoo land fraud that started in 1795 and caused Georgia to give up all of the land involved in the fraud to Georgia. Indian removal caused a decrease in population within Georgia but made Georgia to gain more land. Events that accrued during that time affected Georgia economy, social growth and population. Abraham Baldwin wrote the first charter for the University of Georgia.
In the 1800s, America was expanded from “sea to shining sea”. The expansion was a responsibility of the presidents of the United States. More people came to America which caused farmland to be scarce and decrease. Settlers had to move west for more land and opportunity, which would have not been possible without the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. Other than land and opportunity, there were many reasons someone would have chosen to move to the new land in the west.
Promises are meant to be kept, but more than often promises lead to broken promises. Promises made to the Indians that their land would be forever theirs, became a broken promise. White settlers were starting to move toward the west beyond the Mississippi. The Indians’ lives were about to change due to new lives moving and the rise of Gold, Silver and the railroad. State government, settlers, pressured the federal government to take Indian land for their own beneficial use and more than one hundred thousand Indians from the Southwest were forced off their land and moved to reservations west of the Mississippi River.
Native Americans, as we all know, where the first to be on the United States when Christopher Columbus had sailed to it but had declared it his land. Through the wave of wars, moving of the whites from England to the States, and unnecessary violence, the Native Americans population had begun to decrease when they first started to move to other parts of the land to find their new home so that the whites would be able to live comfortably without them around.
The Cherokee Indians are unprotected due to their alliance with the British. This Alliance made it so that the Cherokee went against every other Indian tribe and needed to assimilate with the U.S. people to keep ⅓ of their land. The U.S. supreme court orders the army to protect the Cherokee, but Jackson decides against it. Well now every other Indian tribe dislikes them and then they have Georgia is trying to come into their land and take the rest.
Indian Removal Act Essay Have you ever had random people bid you out of your property? The Cherokee have and they weren’t so happy in the process of it happening either. The Georgians wanted the land of the Cherokees, and to make sure they would give it up there was a treaty signed. It was the Cherokees fault for even thinking about giving up their land. The nation was made up of things the Cherokee could call their own.
During the 19th century there was a tremendous amount of attention from the rest of the nation of the issues of land and Indian removal. These issues were centered around economic problems or developments that might arise as a result of Indian removal, Humanitarian issues, and finally political troubles that are caused by this act. During this time period senator Thomas Benton who represented Missouri wanted remove Native Americans off their land, he was a firm believer in extending the area of slavery. He was a huge advocate for “converting Indian soil to slave soil” as it a had a positive economic impact on the state and led onward on the march for cotton cultivation. The early and middle portion of the 19th century proved to be a difficult time for American Indians as they were constantly rattled by acts that led to them to emigrate their native land.