The Apalachicola River begins in Georgia with the Chattahoochee River, north of Atlanta. Once the river crosses the Georgia-Florida border and is joined by the Flint River it’s called the Apalachicola River. It contains one of the most diverse, productive, and economically important natural systems in the southeastern United States. The Apalachicola basin provides a home to a great diversity of wildlife species and many endemic plant species. The Apalachicola River plays an integral role in the ecology of Apalachicola Bay.
Can the reconstruction bring back the natural vegetation in the wetlands that the C38 project destroyed of the water ways? The restoration methodology used is backfilling the C-38 canal to restore the flow and function to the historic river that became stagnant and lifeless due to low oxygen conditions. The river is being restored in 4 construction phases. The Core of Engineers (COE) and the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) work closely using adaptive management strategies to ensure the restoration meets its goals. The SFWMD scientists set up a Performance Evaluation Program that consist of 25 performance measures that evaluate every component of the restoration including – hydrology, water quality, geomorphology, vegetation, and bird, fish, amphibian, reptile and invertebrate communities.
Urbanization is a big threat that contributes to poor water quality in water pollution. The production of crops in residential areas are causing the Everglades to be drained and decreased in volume. The water flowing from the urban areas to the Everglades are polluting its waterways with pesticides and fertilizers which affect the biodiversity. If the water quality is higher today, then there will be a lower amount of species in the Florida
To those residing on the eastern coast near Maryland, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, the problem of the Chesapeake Bay is obvious. The bay lacks water clarity, has difficulties sustaining aquatic life, and faces population threatening issues like dead zones and algae blooms. There are a myriad of ways in which the bay is polluted, however the most direct link to the bay’s poor water clarity is the overflowing amounts of nutrient and sediment pollution. Bay clarity is crucial, not only for a pretty appearance, but also for the health of the bay grasses and fish living in the bay. Sediment and nutrient pollution is a huge contributor to the poor water quality in the bay.
Examples of negative local practices are the usage of poison/explosives and overfishing. Overfishing as the name suggests, is fishing a certain fish to an excess amount, decimating the population. This could put multiple organisms’ populations at risk and populations may possibly go extinct. Another practice that negatively impacts the ocean is the usage of poison and explosives. Obviously, the poison that is used in fishing (mainly cyanide) is harmful for the ocean because it may poison other fish over the years.
Due to the saltwater transition, and the filth within the water, the water was the reason for many diseases. These were diseases that the English were not used to. For the English to be infected, it must have been awful with the lack of resources the English collected. “The Lost Colony and Jamestown Droughts,” represents the amount of rain received every year based on the average amount of rainfall. It also shows the droughts that happened in those few years.
Agriculture immensely adds to the nutrient and chemical pollution due to the fertilizers used on crops. When rains or winds come through the fertilizer is carried from the fields into the rivers and streams that then lead into the ocean(Effect of Runoff). Red tide had been a huge issue that is unpreventable and caused by dinoflagellates (Red Tide). Red Tide is a type of algal bloom that takes up oxygen in the water. When the oxygen levels in the ocean are lowered it can kill many plants which is very unfortunate for the manatees considering they are herbivores and with their food supply being depleted they may suffer from starvation.
Aeromonas hydrophila is a gram negative rod bacterium. This bacterium spreads widely in various environments, especially in fresh water like in fish cultivation ponds, rivers, lakes, even in sparkling chlorinated drinking water reservoirs. This bacterium is known as a dangerous pathogenic bacterium in water biota like shrimps, oysters, frogs, and fishes (Martin-Carnahan & Joseph, 2005; EPA, 2006). The infection caused by this bacterium can lead to mass dead of fish in short period of time, which in turn causing a great loss of fishes. Formally, in a stable condition when the fish are not in stress, A. hydrophila existing in fish intestine has a role as microflora for water creatures (Illanchezian et al., 2010; Mangunwardoyo et al., 2010).
Marine life habitats are getting destroyed, marine life is declining everyday, how and where the garbage is getting into the oceans, and the drinking water is becoming seriously unsafe to drink. Water Pollution is a huge environmental problem that has serious effects on marine habitats, animals, and water quality. BP1: The world's marine habitat has been getting worse because of how bad the pollution has gotten. “ Over 80% of marine pollution comes from land based activities “ (source 5 ). This quote explains how most of the water pollution is caused by human activity.