Indian Territory Naturalization Analysis

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Congress passed the Indian Territory Naturalization Act in 1890, which permitted any member of an Indian tribe in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) to become a United States citizen by applying for this status in a federal court. This act allowed these Indians to maintain dual citizenship by keeping their tribal citizenship as well. During World War I Indians were still not considered citizens, therefore, not subject to the draft. Still, many volunteered to fight in the American Armed Forces. In recognition of their service of during this war, Congress passed an act in 1919 which provided citizenship for all Indians who served in the navy or military during World War I.

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