Tourism is the income of people from one place to another place for vacation, but it can also be for business or entertainment. Tourism can either be international or domestic. Tourism has an influence on any country, either it’s for a positive impact or a negative impact. An example one might consider includes that the tourism in that individual country could possibly increase the income and positively improve the economic aspect of the country, but tourism can also negatively impact the environment. Tourism can also affect the population living in the country due to the amount of tourism which furthers the idea of more jobs need to be created for the new tourists.
The main industries that contribute to development in this region are tourism and real estate development. Although tourism is rapidly developing, there are concerns about the type of development that is happening. Costa Rica has long been known for its eco-tourism (sustainable tourism) a tourism that is more beneficial for Costa Rica and protects the environment. On the Pacific Coast, residential tourism has been rapidly developing. Residential tourism (all-inclusive resort and vacation home development) as well as cruise tourism are taking over.
The sales taxes will increase when tourist expenditures are high. Tourism also has a positive role in enhance of cultural tourism and its role in contributing to the economic benefits of tourism. In can be seen when tourism activities boosting the GDP in the tourism district. Besides that, tourism also can be seen as an important source of revenue for further historical restoration and preservation (Mochechela, 2010). It can provide a market and audience for the art of the local crafts people.
Some of the consequences of exceeding the environmental capacity include strain on already scarce resources such as water, food, energy and natural habitat areas and also unchecked tourism management may lead to natural disasters like soil erosion, Increased pollution and waste, deforestation, Increased pressure on endangered species of animals and plants and as well as loss of biodiversity. Mass tourism may deplete the socio-cultural traditions and authenticity of host community by introducing foreign elements which are in conflict with cultural, historical, and religious heritage of the community. (The Responsible Traveler Guide,
Tourism is a growth industry very rapidly now. With the rapid development of technology that also acts as a support person easily reach the distance around the world in shorter lead times and relatively safer. The most rapid growth in the global tourism industry provides benefits as well as challenges for the state government. Expressed simply, sustainable tourism can be defined as: "Tourism that takes full account of its current and future economic, social and environmental impacts, addressing the needs of visitors, the industry, the environment and host communities" (UNWTO, 2012). Tourism is one thing that is so important to Indonesia.
There is an increase on water and electricity demand with a great impact on the wider and local environment. The tourism development affects the social system both positive and negative. This depends on the kind of tourism that develops in the area. (Eagles and McCool, 2002). Positive effects Many are the benefits of tourism in the social sector.
Over the past few decades, tourism has experienced the sustained growth and deepening diversification to become one of the fastest growing economic sectors over the world. Nowadays, the business volume of tourism can be said to be equals to or even surpasses the business volume of food products, automobiles or oil exports. Tourism plays an important role in almost every country due to it has a greater impact on the development of country economy. The main benefits of tourism are creating extra money for national income and creating more career opportunities for locals. One of the easiest benefits to determine is the career opportunities that the tourism brings.