From beginning to end, Irving demolishes the credibility of the myth, with things such as the invention of the historian Knickerbocker to the judge. Irving points out the flaws that exist in America through the use of Rip. When he does not recognize himself this is synonymous with America’s inability to recognize or define themselves. The society is not in harmony with its thought’s and action’s which disillusions the purpose of the myth giving them a sense of identity. Irving plays off of various inspirations and his character Rip undergoes the typical heroic journey.
In contrast, Thoreau begins his essay by criticizing the government system, and he believed that government is ineffective because of the stringent and barbarous laws. And he indicates his point when he mentions, “that government is best which governs not at all.” Thoreau implies that he is frustrated with the government system and he believes laws are no longer effective because they misused their power and appeared with harsh laws for people such paying exorbitant taxes and if people are unable to pay the taxes they locked them inside the jail and destroy their property. Therefore, Thoreau ends up with going jail because he refuses to pay the tariffs. Moreover, he does not like machinery citizen because they do not question over government intention. The connotation of the machine is these people follow government decision without questioning them like a machine who does not ask a question, and they just continuously do things.
Fee and Gunew describe in their interview, From Discomfort to Enlightenment: An Interview with Lee Maracle, “there’s very few of us left [...] that have any kind of a foundation in the culture, [...] you have only one knowledge system [...] the Western knowledge system” (211). What this means is that since colonization began, there has been a disconnection between indigenous people and their own culture; the cause of this is because of the takeover of Western thought during the colonization of North America. It was considered the “right” and only way that a culture could act. Although the Enlightenment is portrayed as a necessity to the colonization and formation of the Americas, it has been discovered that this action had a cost: the cost of individuality between indigenous cultures. As a result of the Enlightenment, European imperialism ran rampant, beginning the processes of colonization, which inevitably led to the destruction of individual cultures.
This conference helped India in making decisions that would affect the destinies of over four hundred million people of its country. It was called to bring together the British civil servants and colonial officials as well as Indian Princes so called Maharajas, Indian lawyers and nationalist leaders. However, among then was one man in particular, who played a profound role in all the discussion concerning Indian future, he was the Mahatma Gandhi (“Great Soul”). Britain decided to listen to Gandhi’s arguments and claims. It was for the first time that India got opportunity to be listened Therefore Indian nation’s hopes rested on the Gandhi’s shoulders.
Moore is shocked at the metamorphosis of her son. “The traces of young- man humanitarianism had sloughed off”. She thinks that “[o]ne touch of regret … would have made him a different man, and the British Empire a different institution” (p.70). She is also shocked to hear her son’s adopted ideological stance. She protests, “[y]ou never used to judge people like this at home.” Ronny announces that “India isn’t home” and relies on “phrases and arguments that he had picked up from older officials, and he did not feel quite sure of himself” to silence his mother and convince her of his adopted new logic (p.54).
Dismissing religion-based explanation, this narrative establishes that Boko Haram is a localised symptom of a wider malaise, namely structural poverty and exclusion, across Nigeria. Indeed, the corrupt political elites, by failing to foster development, have condemned the country to socio-economic deprivation . As a response, Boko Haram has been trying to replace malfunctioning secular institutions with Sharia – the Islamic law that regulates a Muslim’s life. Overall, this discourse assigns blame to the ruling elite as it deems it unable develop a model of good governance in Nigeria. Hence, the solution would be to replace the central government with one that successfully delivers security and development.
There are still interior rural hinterlands where Caste system prevails, much not exposed by the urban-centric media. Even the young minds are not without any prejudice.The fixation of clan and caste names with their first names point to the latent tendency laying dormant in the most radical of activists of caste in India. In Annihilation of Caste, Ambedkar writes that the main point of contention in the period leading up to the inception of the Indian republic was “whether social reform should precede political reform.” Roy’s criticism of Gandhi will surely intrigue readers, but what makes “The Doctor and the Saint” relevant is the critique of Hindutva and the continued subjugation of Dalits — issues that deeply tied in with this election cycle. The questions Ambedkar asked are equally, if not more, pertinent today, as the idea of social reform languishes in the shadow of economic
Ambedkar says that caste has destroyed all morals. On page 259 of the book, he says: “The effect of caste on the ethics of the Hindus is simply deplorable. Caste has killed public spirit. Caste has destroyed the sense of public charity. Caste has made public opinion impossible.
Therefore it is one of the single largest concerns for most of the developing nations. Policy and laws India has federal system of governance where has specific roles for the central and state government. However since independence the subject of disaster management nowhere mention in the constitution of India. It did not mention is regarding who would responsible for the mitigation of the plan of the disaster. From earlier there was no policy or law to deal with management of disaster of various types in a comprehensive manner (NDMD, 2002a).