There are many evidence supporting this statement. Moss & Siegler (1991) argued that giving equal priority to patients whose illness is a consequence of their lifestyle, could reduce public support for transplant programs. Furthermore, Agthoven et al. (2001) found that transplantation for acute liver failure is less expensive than those for chronic liver failure (consequence of long-term alcohol abuse). However, the principle of utility is often criticized that it places the society’s interest over individual interests and rights (Beauchamp & Childress,
11612349 Matthew A. Bishay S-IKC100_201660_D_D (Indigenous Health) 19 September 2016 1218 words Its time to address the indisputable relationship between the enduring impact of colonisation and current health status of Indigenous Australian and Torres Strait Islander people . Throughout the paper key points will be addressed about that will show how the past of Indigenous Australian and Torres Strait Islander people is still affecting to this very day. Three factors that will be spoken about include the Historical and contemporary factors, the role of race and racism and Indigenous Australian and Torres Strait Islander’s perspective on health and wellbeing. Within each of these factors is more proof
This has had a lasting negative effect on indigenous health due to the exposure to alcohol, disease and illegal substances, this coupled with their different health requirements has resulted in a lower life expectancy which is significantly less than a comparable Caucasian of the same age and status. In recent times there have been several initiatives and programs to improve the health of indigenous Australians, such as dedicated hearing programs and health screening at birth and a modified immunisation schedule which accounts for the unique need for immunity in the population. This assignment will evaluate the culture of indigenous people and its relation to social determinates of health within the Australian context and how primary health care combined with culture can influence the practice of nursing to improve the delivery of health to indigenous
1. What does the term health disparities mean? Health disparities are preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or in opportunities to achieve optimal health experienced by socially disadvantaged racial, ethnic, and other population groups, and communities (Healthy Aging, 2017). An example of a health disparity would be if women were more likely than men to die from pancreatic cancer. Anyone is capable of having a health disparity.
The individual lifestyles are the decisions, and habitat that usually result in health, illness, or even death. Some examples are cigarette smoking, diets, and physical activities (Evans & Stoddart, 1990). The environment is the elements or events that relate to health which are external to the body. In environmental determinants of health, the individual may have little or no control, which comprise of physical and social dimensions example are individual social class, being born in to a high class family, very rich or well to individuals ((Evans & Stoddart, 1990). Lastly is the organization of health care services variable consists of the quality, quantity, availability of resources, and personal relationships in the delivery of health care.
Understanding the social determinants of health are important because they can help the physician or nurse determine why the patient is ill and why they are vulnerably to the illness (Baum, cited in Keleher & MacDougall 2016, p.19-20). The social determinants of health, like people living in low socioeconomic areas, can greatly affect people’s health and the health care they receive (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2016). A statistic, as stated by AIHW (2016), says that the overall death rate from 2009-2011, in Australia, would have been reduced by 13% if all Australian lived in the highest socioeconomic areas. Because of this statistic, I believe a person in a low socioeconomic area should have the same access to health care as someone who lives in a high socioeconomic area, as said by Kanizay
There is no question that significant health disparities exist between racial and ethnic groups today. Research consistently shows that “patients of color experience poorer quality of care and health outcomes contributing to increased risks and accelerated mortality rates relative to their white counterparts.” This statistic is unacceptable and must be addressed in order to improve the health of our minority populations and increase the health of our society in general. For nurses and other health practitioners, it is not only a professional duty; it is a moral one. Cultural competence is “a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency or among professionals and enable that system, agency or those professions to work effectively in cross-cultural situations.” In other words, to be culturally competent, professionals must provide superior, respectful medical care to all patients. This must start with building an understanding of basic philosophies and value systems of different population groups.
In this essay I will be talking about the effects of social determinants of health and health inequalities within my area of practice or my neighbourhood. The social determinants of health are the circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live and work. These include housing, education, financial security and the built up environment as well as the health system. Health inequalities is the way health determinant is delivered across different populations. However, these differences are thought to be inequitable, meaning lack of fairness or justice.
Health disparity are avertible health status of distinctive group of people like races, skin color, language, socioeconomic resources, gender and age (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). Health disparities are arbitrary and explicit to historical and present uneven distribution of political, economic, social, and environmental resources. A disparity can also be related to education, where dropping out of school occurs associated with various social and health problems (CDC,2017). Comprehensively, person with inadequate education are more likely to struggle number of health risks such as substance abuse, obesity, and traumatic injuries, compared to individual who receive more education. One of the main findings within health disparities in history
On the community/group level, cultural factors such as diet, spirituality, and beliefs about illness/health can all influence the health status of the population and how they seek healthcare. There are also factors of poor living conditions and poor quality of food based on socioeconomic status, which is usually lower in LEP communities (Powell, 2016). Individual factors to look for in assessing the LEP patient can include stress related to potential immigration status, which can be higher in immigrants with a language barrier (Ding & Hargraves, 2009). Family and or social support, employment, financial status, and access to interpreter services can be other factors influencing health and access to healthcare (Derose, Escarce & Lurie 2007). According to the Robert Wood Johnson foundation (2014), the LEP population makes up 21.7% of the uninsured population, decreasing preventative or routine healthcare.
539). Taking the cyclical nature of the poverty-ill-health-poverty model into account, it is arduous to recognize where the cycle began and identify the root cause of health inequality. It could be in some cases that preexisting health conditions instigate poverty and as a result initiate the cycle. Alternatively, the cycle could originate from poverty which lead to poor health status stemming from the inability to care for oneself adequately without the necessary resources. Nonetheless, it imperative for health institution to evaluate programs and interventions that can identify and address health disparities regardless of the root
The specific areas of health care that will be examined include primary care and maternal care because these are the two aspects of medicine that are stated to be most variable when it comes to discrimination and prejudice towards gender and race (Frohlich, Ross, Richmond, 2006). The purpose of comparing the Aboriginal women populations in the two geographic localities is to assess the degree of oppression varying between the populations, and its effects on health care access and services. A lot can be learned from this review in terms of the current health care services available to women of this minority and this can raise further questions about how these challenges can be tackled. This topic is very relevant to our Canadian society and its health care system today since this group does comprise a certain percentage of the population overall, and in order to improve health care, the individual factors affecting Aboriginal women is a foundation that needs to be considered and clearly