In the book “Diabetes among the Pima: Stories of Survival”, the author, Smith-Morris states that more than any other population in the world, an American Indian tribe from the Southwest United States , also known as The Pima have the highest chance of having risks for type 2 diabetes. She also continues to argue in the book that the issue is not just a biomedical mater but something even larger. By living with the Pimas and studying the experiences, daily life, and views of Pima pregnant women over a decade, the author identified factors that are overlooked by research and interventions related to biomedical. In the process of studying the Pimas, the author also learn that both the indigenous population and the health care providers impact the social and cultural aspects in the community. The book took place in the Gila River
Inequalities in health between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and their non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander counterparts are noted by the World Health Organisation to be the largest in the world. There is a strong connection between low life expectancy for Indigenous Australians and poor health. In 2012-2013, Indigenous Australians were 4 times more likely to be hospitalised for chronic conditions compared with non-Indigenous Australians. In 2012 the rate of disability for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians was 1.7 times the rate for non-Indigenous Australians. These statistics further outline how these inequities impact their health, wellbeing and quality of life, increasing the inequity gap. Other major concerns include mental health (Indigenous Australians were over twice as likely to be hospitalised for mental and behavioural disorders as non-Indigenous Australians), suicide and self-harm and the most drastic increase occurred among young people from 10-24 years old, where Indigenous youth suicide rose from 10% in 1991 to 80% in 2010. The disparity between Indigenous and non-Indigenous health in Australia reflects the large gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous education and employment those who were employed were less likely to smoke (45% versus 66%). Even when all other demographic details were taken into account, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were around twice as likely to be daily smokers with 42% of their population, this can lead to preterm (early) deliveries, stillbirths or low birth weights. Diabetes is common in the indigenous population as
The Aboriginal perspective on health is holistic, wherein physical, cultural, spiritual and mental health must be harmonious in order for a person to be in good health. Should these not be in balance, ill-health would persist (Social Health Reference Group, 2004). As such, it is important to talk about the history of Aboriginal people as affected by the arrival of the British in 1770 to put Indigenous health into context. Inter-generational trauma, as caused by the effects of colonisation, loss of country and the enforcement of discriminatory government policies over the history of Australia, has negatively
Health outcomes refers to the effect healthcare activities have on an individual, group or population. It 's evident that even with the presence of anti-discrimination and equal opportunities legislation, Indigenous Australians have inferior health outcomes than non-Indigenous Australians. The dissimilarities in health status between Native and non-Native Australians are closely linked with the allocation of health determinants such as income levels and housing conditions, education levels and access to healthcare services.
Disadvantage and marginalisation of indigenous Australian 's began with the dispossession of land, displacement of their people, and separation of families. Indigenous Australian 's have difficulty in gaining access, to the same degree, to what white Australian 's have ready access such as housing, employment and general services. Indigenous Australian 's are one of the most disadvantaged groups in this country in social and economic areas such as employment, housing, income, and health. The burden of poor health among aborigines is of particular concern. The health disadvantage of indigenous people begins in infancy and continues throughout their life. The problem appears to become evident right from birth with aboriginal woman twice as likely as non-indigenous woman to have a stillborn baby and twice as likely to give birth to an underweight baby (ed. Healey 2000, p.4). During the period between 1991 and 1996, life expectancy for indigenous people was around 20 years than that of their non-indigenous counterparts. The lives of indigenous people are affected by many other health factors, one of most concern is alcohol related problems that impact on their well-being, family structure, and even aboriginal traditional life because they tend to drink more haphazardly. Some of the health risks to which indigenous people are exposed can be attributed the differences between the health of indigenous and non-indigenous people. Such risks include, poorer living conditions,
Aboriginals on reserve face many barriers when it comes to access to healthcare, they include cost, language, distance, climate, education and more. Distance and population results in a unreasonable cost lowering professionals and services accessed on reserves. The low amount of professionals on reserves and the low education levels make early diagnosis and treatment unlikely because of the lack of knowledge actor
comm., Decemeber 1) stated there were always outbreaks of diseases, such as hookworm, gastroenteritis, mumps, influenza and pneumonia and often these resulted in large-scale deaths. He also advised poor diets, a change in diet and sanitation conditions have contributed to the health issues today in Aboriginal peoples. Obesity is the main issue, which has resulted in heart diseases and diabetes. Alcoholism is another major health issue facing this community. In 1956 all the community houses in Woorabinda had electricity and filtered tank water. Other issues facing Aboriginal people today include domestic violence and social, financial, sexual, emotional, alcohol and petrol sniffing and cultural problems. Due to Europeans taking control of the land, Aboriginal peoples lost many languages, their land and ceremonies, large number of community members because of illness and massacres, their traditional medicines and food sources and their social, emotional and physical wellbeing, he went on to
Diabetes is on the rise and is becoming a major health issue in Australia. It can be hard to determine the extent of diabetes as there is an estimated large number of cases that remain undiagnosed. Approximately 275 adults in Australia develop diabetes every day that means more than 100,000 annually. This equates to 8 adults in every 1,000. Over five years, people with previously known the incidence of diabetes has raised significantly over the past 20 years. In 2007–08, 898 800 people or 4.1 per cent of the Australian population reported that they had medically diagnosed diabetes. The rate for diabetes was higher for males than females in most age groups. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have one of the highest prevalence rates
I attended the event titled Unnatural Causes Bad Sugar on Thursday, October 22 from 6 to 7 p.m. The event centered on the ways in which many factors influence people’s lives and significantly impact health. The first part of the event centered on watching a short video that focused on the damage to health that Native American tribes faced after they lost their water. There was a large increase in the amount of Native Americans who got diabetes and who were dying. It was thought that biology and genes were one of the main causes behind the increase in diabetes, but in reality there were many other factors. Geographic location, social and economic class status, and income level has an impact on a person’s health.
Indigenous Australians needs in regard to healthcare is one of the greatest challenges faced by healthcare professionals. The treatment of a patients condition tends to be the main focus of healthcare in a demanding and complex health system. Although it has being found that when taking then time there is actually essential ways in which the healthcare system can develop the needs of Indigenous Australians further. The Nursing Code of Conduct, statement four states, ““Nurses respect the dignity, culture, ethnicity, values and beliefs of people receiving care and treatment, and of their colleagues” (Nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au, 2015). This is achieved by understand how social and cultural structures such as language, education, society and
Hispanic women should particularly focus on knowing everything they can about what’s going on with diabetes especially within their ethnic group; there are several groups which can help to inform you with new and innovative ways. Diabetes can be very harmful but when you take the proper steps each day, you won’t even have to worry about
The colonization of Indigenous peoples has dramatically affected their health, and health-seeking behaviours, in a myriad of ways. The Indian Act of 1876 was, in essence, created to control the Indigenous population. The Indian Act laid out laws and regulations that tightly regulated the lives of natives economically, ideologically, and politically. This included a wealth of ways in which their identities were stripped away, and in which they were taken advantage of by the Government of Canada. This has resulted in a reduced quality of life for Canada 's indigenous population, as well as adverse health problems, and prejudicial perceptions that we still see the impact of today. The documentary series, 8th fire, by Dando and Ingles (2012) supports this claim. The Indigenous peoples ' have long felt betrayed by the government that they had signed a treaty with, so why would an Indigenous person seek health services from this establishment? The mistrust between the Indigenous peoples and the Government of Canada is the result of colonization, specifically the Indian Act, and it undoubtedly impacts Indigenous peoples and their faith in, and ability to get proper care from, the healthcare system.
Koolin Balit is a long-range and far-reaching plan to improve Aboriginal Victorian’s health (Department of Health, 2012). Victorian Government aims at improvement in the length and quality of the lives of Aboriginal Victorian by 2022 (Department of Health, 2012, p. i). It is mentioned that this plan is targeting Aboriginal people in Victoria both at individual and population levels (Department of Health, 2012, p. 4). Department of Health (2012) states that Koolin Balit was initiated by the Minister of Health at the Aboriginal health conference in May 2012 and is a Victorian government’s strategy for improving Aboriginal health in the state within a decade. Koolin Balit envisages its vision to make progress in the quality of life and life expectancy
The practical, medical side of the profession, where it may be beneficial to actually have a section in pathology forms that indicate the Indigenous Australian status, so that more data and research could continue to further provide for the Indigenous peoples. This may be able to aid for future competent care of the Aboriginal Australian people’s. Another practical tool and technique that will benefit the Aboriginal Australians would be to have more ‘point-of-care’ (Henery, Houston, Mooney, 2004). resources readily available, so that diseases may be prevented and certain diseases that Indigenous peoples have a higher risk of developing such as diabetes can be treated right on the spot. More funding would also be highly beneficial; this would mean Indigenous peoples have a better chance of having access to quality healthcare, an increased life expectancy and a much better quality of