Multiethnic health in Australian health care systems manifest the fundamental values of multiculturalism work inside the framework of health care, with certifying that the training of health professional has a strong and specific emphasis on building cultural competence and effectiveness, that is, the ability to work competently and effectively in a culturally diverse workplace and in encounters with people from different cultural backgrounds to ensure the delivery of best level of healthcare. ( Australian Government. The people of Australia. Australia’s Multicultural Policy; 2011.) Cultural competence, (National Health and Medical Research Council.
Obesity is regarded as a health problem since it is associated with numerous co-morbidities, including type-2 diabetes, stroke, heart disease and some cancers (Department of Health, 2004). In recent years, statistics have suggested the existence of a global obesity ‘epidemic’ (WHO, 2000), posing a significant challenge to healthcare systems and governments over how to ‘cure’ and ‘manage’ the condition. Consequently, the trend toward increasing prevalence of obesity in older adults will lead to an increase in unhealthy life years and health-care costs (De Caria et al., 2012). This concept of the pathogenesis of obesity as a disease allows an easy division of disadvantage of obesity into those produced by the mass of fat and those produced by the metabolic effects of fat cells. In the former category are the social disabilities resulting from the stigma associated with obesity, sleep apnea that results in part from increased parapharyngeal fat deposits, and osteoarthritis resulting from the wear and tear on joints from carrying an increased mass of fat.
The fat composition in people varies with age and gender. Excessive body fat percentage is often associated with overweight and obesity which can impair the health of an individual. The prevalence of obesity has increased over the past years due to the eating habits of individuals. Excessive body fat is
To identify health priorities there is a variety of things that need to be taken into consideration which include the principles of social justice, cost on individuals and the community, level of burden of disease and potential for prevention and early intervention that will reduce the issues prevalence and incidence. The principles of social justice are the foundation of identifying health priorities in Australia, this essentially means providing equitable distribution of resources so that all Australians can reach the same level of health. Various groups are considered when identifying priority issues and when a group is decided to be disadvantaged the government will provide greater resources for them such as the ATSI population to reach better health outcomes. Prevalence is an obvious thing to be considered, there is no point making a condition a priority health issue if it only affects a very small percentage of people.
Carers, clinicians and other health-care workers belongs to these organisations, are their participants or just follow their ideas, concepts, and professional rules. Government agencies are likely to invest their money and legislation power, Non-government Agencies provides professional regulations to mental health sector and facilitate professional care workers do their job. Both government and non-government agencies address mental health in Australia, promote the spread of education, knowledge, and health. Unless these organiations, access of people to professional services in mental care could be obstructed. The mental health sector submit to agencies ' rules, get their support and assistance.
In this article by Smith, there is an image that represents Australia things like generation y, tracks, flag icon of Australia, union jack, outback Australia, white young Australians, holding the Australian flag (settling) and smiling. Smith further argues that indigenous people survived and managed the land well; consequently modern Australia should try and get indigenous people to get them to feel like they belong in our country Australia. The sense of nurture is included in this article by smith when he uses the words fragile, nurtured and carefully managing. The effect of the article by Smith when the reader reads the article it makes them feel that the land belongs to no one when smith argued the words “terra Nullius.”
For example, they stress on the fact that seeking asylum is not illegal, but a basic human right that has been outlined by the United Nations. They aim to end offshore processing at facilities like Christmas Island and Nauru as well as ending the indefinite mandatory detention for asylum seekers and instead opt to place them into communities once their initial checks and screenings have been completed. They are also trying to ensure that Australia’s refugee status determination system is fair and is strong. An international inter-governmental body that is prominent is the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
As stated by Student News Daily (2005): “Liberals believe in government action to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all. It is the duty of the government to alleviate social ills and to protect civil liberties and individual and human rights. [Liberals] believe the role of the government should be to guarantee that no one is in need. Liberal policies generally emphasize the need for the government to solve problems”.
Community assessment is important when determining which social determinants of health are affected in a specific community. In the following paragraph, the writer will explore the community-as-partner model by defining key terms and connecting the model with the community nursing
Obesity is been one of the world alarming health concern in public health area (Mia Pradinuk et al, 2011). The incidence of obesity or overweight in Australia has been augmented and doubled from past 20 years (Monash obesity and diabetes institute, 2013). The causes of obesity in early childhood are due to unhealthy dietary habits, lack of physical activity and family eating habits. It requires lot of determination and commitment in those children who are obese to get back their healthy weight (Better health, 2013).
As of 2013, diabetes mellitus rates among Aboriginals have reached epidemic proportions. It is said that a person of Aboriginal decent is four times more likely to develop this disease in their lifetime than non-indigenous Canadians (National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health, 2013). The rate skyrocketed for a variety of reasons, most of which are linked to a majority of Aboriginals living in poverty. Poverty’s impact has brought about major issues including decreased access to nutrient dense foods, increased psychosocial stress caused by many years of social exclusion, and lack of access to screening and treatment centres (Brooks, Darroch, & Giles, 2013; Loopie Reading, & Wein, 2009). Each of these have made an outstanding impact
However, there is still hope. While the injustices of the Stolen generation, massacres and centuries of mistreatment against Indigenous Australians can never be erased, we can create future in which these atrocities never occur again. These atrocities emerge from ignorance and fear, so working to understand Indigenous culture must surely be the only path to removing the racism that plagues Australia. We have so must to learn from the rich cultural history of Indigenous Australians, particularly in their spiritual relationship with the land they have lived on for thousands of years. If we embrace this incredible knowledge, not only will we eliminate the barriers preventing equality in our society, we will also be stronger as a nation in both environmental and social relations.
The continuing issue of social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, is one that needs to be addressed in order to raise struggling health outcomes that compromise the lives of Aboriginal people. This is underlined by the fact that suicide, in 2014, was found to be the fifth leading cause of death in Indigenous populations, as well as one of the significant factors leading to a high life expectancy gap (ATSISPEP, 2016). It was also found that compared to the non-Indigenous Australian rate of suicide, Aboriginal people were twice more likely to attempt to end their life (Department of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, 2017), which has consequently lead to the creation of policies and recommendations
Health care is extremely important because it effects everyone in Canada. Our universal care is a point of pride to many and it gives citizens a sense of safety. We can change our own health habits but we need help at a higher level. Together we can make a difference.