Whooping Cough known as pertussis. It is an infection in the respiratory system that’s caused by the bacterium Bordetella (Kids Health, 1995-2015). In 1906, Octave Gengou and Jules Bordet discovered the bacteria Bordetella pertussis, and found a vaccine to stop the disease before it actually occurred. The first outbreak took place in the 16th century. Before they were able to discover such vaccine to cure whooping cough, well over 250,000 cases of whooping cough per year in the U.S., with 9,000 reported deaths (Medicine Net, 1996-2015).
This specific bacteria attacks the lymph system causing the infection to spread throughout the body. The reservoirs of this bacteria and disease are mice, rats, squirrels and other small animals. A reservoir is a host of an infection. The vector, meaning carrier, is insects such as fleas and
Humans are not the only host. This disease is transmitted through the bite of one of several types of ticks. Person's behaviors put them at risk for getting this disease are Doing outdoor activities that increase tick exposure (ex. Gardening, hunting or hiking) in an area where Lyme disease occurs. Having
Pertussis, also commonly known as ‘whooping cough’, is a respiratory disease. This infectious disease is caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Bordetella pertussis is a gram-negative aerobic coccobacillus bacterium. These bacteria infect the upper respiratory tract of babies, teens, and adults. It is highly contagious and is horizontally transmitted. Coughing, sneezing, or spending an elongated time in the same breathing space as someone that is a carrier of the bacterium commonly spreads Bordetella pertussis. Once someone has come in contact with this pathogen, by either aerosol or droplet, the bacteria attach to the cilia that line part of the upper respiratory tract. Symptoms of pertussis usually develop within 5-10 days after being exposed, but sometimes not for
INTRODUCTION Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) is one of the most important agents in the prevention of hospital acquired infections or what we termed nosocomial infections. IPC channels every member of the hospital, which includes, healthcare providers (HCP), patients and the hospitals perse. It is important to practice IPC commandment to every hospital as well as community. The Palestinian Ministry of Health (MOH) adopted the national IPC protocol.
How Long Is Strep Throat Contagious? Strep throat is a bacterial infection caused by Group A streptococcus bacteria. Although only 5 to 10 percent of sore throats are strep throat, up to 15 percent of doctor's visits for a sore throat are due to strep. It takes 2 to 5 days from the time of exposure until symptoms appear.
It is spread from an infectious person to a non-infectious person by mode of transmission through droplets. Initial infection of TB in the lungs can cause the bacteria can spread to the lymphatic system, and eventually it will get into the aveoli causing latent TB or active/primary TB (Knechel, 2009, p. 35). Patients will present with symptoms of dry productive cough, chest pain, hemoptysis, and fever, night sweats, weight loss, and fatigue, loss of appetite, chest pain, and shortness of breath. (Williams, 2006).
Health care associated infections (HAI) are one of the most common issues in hospital settings. These types of infections are not present during hospital administration but instead appear 48-72 hours after hospitalization. Common healthcare associated infections include bloodstream infections, urinary tract infections, pneumonia and surgical site infections. One of the most prevalent of these infections is a urinary catheter associated infection.
First and foremost,infection control consideration refers to policies and procedures used to minimize the risk of spreading infections from one person to another especially in hospital or other health care facilities.By and large,we are able to minimize the risk of occurrence infection within the Diagnostic Radiology department by established procedures guidelines in the handling the equipment and awareness of transmission disease throughout the procedure of a radiology examination.Understanding the modes of transmission of infectious organisms and apply the basic protocol of infection prevention and control at all time is important to interrupt the chain of transmission of the bacteria or viruses and minimize the spread of disease among the society.
Most people who were born prior to the 1990s at one point in their life acquired Varicella, also known as chicken pox. I remember having chicken pox when I was in elementary school. I remember how prevalent it was, especially in school-aged children. Now, as an adult I have noticed that there isn’t many children who get this infectious disease. This is due to a vaccine that was licensed in 1995 (“Varicella”). Despite the fact that there is a vaccine, there are still outbreaks of Varicella.
Vaccinations help prevent life threatening illnesses including, Measles, Mumps, and Rubella. Measles cause fever, rash, cough, runny nose, and red watery eyes. The complications associated with measles include ear infection, diarrhea, pneumonia, brain damage, and death. Mumps cause fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, loss of appetite, and swollen salivary glands. Complications connected to Mumps can include, swelling of the testicles or ovaries, deafness, inflammation of the brain and/or tissue covering the brain and spinal cord, and on rare occasions, death. Rubella, causes fever, sore throat, rash, headache, and red, itchy eyes. If a woman gets rubella while she is pregnant, she could have a miscarriage or her baby could be born
Unfortunately, millions die each year from these deadly diseases. However, infectious diseases were defined by WHO as "Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi; the diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases of animals that can cause disease when transmitted to humans". In fact, poverty cannot be described only through low income but, because of there is no government intervention that helps to reduce these infections. Also, some diseases are uncontrollable, leading to higher mortality rates.