The accurate assessment of food intakes is an essential prerequisite in monitering the nutritional status of the population and specific subgroups, such as age and gender groups. Dietary intake assessments are an invaluable aid in investigating the links between diet and health. The reasons for collecting measures of dietary intake can be catogorised into three main headings: Public Health, Clinical, and Research. Dietary Assessment for Public Health is used to evaluate nutrition-based intervention programmes and to identify the nutrients being under or over consumed at a national or community level. Clinical Dietary Intake Assesments They are used worldwide to assess the health of populations.
Introduction: New approaches of dietary assessment methods and instruments have been developed and applied to overcome some of the challenges and limitations in dietary assessment. Particularly the growing prominence of internet- and communication technologies has offered new possibilities to address bias and measurement errors inherent in all self-reported dietary intakes as well as organizational and financial issues in study planning and design. An evaluation of the potential of these innovative technologies to replace, improve or complement these commonly used dietary assessment methods may therefore help to better assess their usability and possible ‘added value’ in epidemiological studies. The objective of this article was inventory of
Note that most anthropological observations are done through experience and ethnology. This throws the profession into turmoil and casts a doubt in upcoming intellectuals as what kind of profession they are in and what is it classified as. However this debate is more centralized around methodology rather the context of the debate which is to what extent is anthropology a science. Exploiting the methodological side of anthropology as to how anthropologists reach their findings does not mean that anthropology should not be acknowledged as a science, rather it should be used to give much credit to this exceptional form of
Nutrition Screening and Assessment: The first step in practice is to screen patients to know exactly who will benefit from a clinical nutrition intervention. Once patients are selected, a step-wise approach is taken to determine the patient needs. The process of screening for malnourished patients utilizes a variety of tools including physical examination, anthropometric measurements, laboratory data and obtaining medical, drug and nutrition history. It is important to determine whether a malnourished patient is undernourished, overnourished (obese) or suffers malnutrition associated with disease or trauma. Alterations in metabolism and physiology caused by inflammatory mediators associated with severe illness and trauma accelerate loss of
The concept assessment simply refers to an act of appraisal, evaluation and judgment (Dossey, Keegan, & Barrere, 2015, 469). In nursing care, assessment is the first crucial step that is carried out to be able collect and analyze information about a client. Assessment involves various issues such as physiological, psychological, spiritual, socio-cultural, life-style, and economic factors. This essay explores assessments in nursing practice and their importance in this field. It also covers models such as biopsychosocial, holistic, nursing process, and Ropers’ nursing model of the twelve activities of living.
However, there is no single universally recommended method for body composition assessment. Criterion methods include densitometry (underwater weighing), computed X-ray tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and DXA (Martini & Nath, 2009). These methods are in most instances not suitable for assessing body composition at the community level as they are not cost effective and time consuming. Indirect methods, including anthropometry (weight, stature, abdominal circumference, and skinfold measurements, BMI, waist-hip-ratio) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), provide estimates or indices of body composition mass and fat mass by measuring the resistance of the body as a conductor of a very small electrical current. These indirect methods are relative cheap and easy to implement at community level (Tanamas,
Nursing assessment has a significant role in providing effective, accurate and safe nursing care in clinical practice. Nursing assessment is the first stage of the Nursing Process. It is used to explore the physical, psychological, spiritual and social aspect of the patient’s life. It is therefore a holistic and systematic guide for nurses to obtain a greater understanding of their patient’s wants and needs. It is the underlying foundation of the process, on which other phases of the process are based upon (Foster & Hawkins, 2005).
There has been much work on defining what assessment is. Many researchers such as Black and William, Bachman, Huhta or Berry have proposed the definitions of assessment. Black and William (1998) hold the view that “teachers should see assessment as a tool to promote greater student achievement in the classroom context”. In this sense, assessment is a part of the teaching and learning process and is taken to support learning. Similarly, Bachman (2004) defined assessment as “a process of collecting information about something that we are interested in, according to procedures that are systematic and substantially grounded” (pp.
The Validity of the Assessment Tool 3.8 The Reliability of the Assessment Tool 3.9. Data collection 3.10. Limitation of the study 3.11. Statistical analysis 3. Methodology This chapter presents the research design that was used in this study.