John Stuart Mill was a transitional thinker with a classical utilitarian philosophy. He was a programmatic thinker with a lifelong project to reconstruct the classical utilitarianism. In this collection of On Liberty and Other Essays, Mill is representing his central moral and political concerns for his time. On Liberty is the first essay in the book, followed by other essays such as Utilitarianism, The Subjection of Women, and then lastly Considerations on Representative Government. John Stuart Mill in his On Liberty essay breaks it up into five chapters supporting his argument that liberty is what is best for mankind and that society should only have power to control actions that directly affect it or harms its members.
John Stuart Mill, born London 1806 was an influential moral and political philosopher. His philosophy which aims for reform rather than revolution formed the basis of British Victorian Liberalism. Struck by the elegant simplicity principle of “the greatest happiness for the greatest number” Mill quickly became an advocate of how utilitarianism might be applied in the real world. By creating an “indissoluble association” between the individual’s happiness and the good of society, one established a community where all individuals were allowed the freedom to pursue happiness. In Mill’s writing On Liberty chapter two “Of the liberty of thought and discussion” Mill sets out an important argument for freedom of speech in which a state without “the liberty of thought and discussion” was one in which the individual could not pursue happiness.
The book On Liberty, is one of philosophical and most famous work written by John Stuart Mill in 1859. In the book, J.S. Mill applies his utilitarian concept to the history and the state. There he attempts to exhibit the idea that the society advances from lower to higher places this advance comes full circle in the development of an arrangement of delegate democracy. This writing consists total of five chapters which consists of introduction, the liberty of thought and discussion, individuality, as one of the elements of well-being, the limits to the authority of society over the individual and multiple applications of the theory.
I would actually consider Jesus a great example in regards to what powerful religious figures should do in their life Jesus preached to inform and notify people because of his faith not to spite the Roman government at the time (Frost, W. J. (2012, March)) I view my case with me trying to spread Quakerism in England in the same regard. Religion is meant to be the reflection of one’s conscience in their own ability to worship, and their conscience to worship must not be coerced to worship as through
Mill believed that it was essential for individuals to choose the opinions and customs that they wanted to practice instead of blindly conforming to the opinions of others. By choosing the ideals that they want to follow, individuals develop their conscience, reason, and judgement, while by blindly following others they are not exercising their liberty to choose. Mill stated that a person should feel free to pursue whatever they want as long as he/she doesn’t encroach on the rights of others. According to him, by imposing rigid guidelines of conduct a society risks to lose its progress and become stagnant. Mill gives example of China,
In chapter one of Mill’s book “On Liberty” published 1859, he observes that freedom can be split into three types. Firstly, he mentions the liberty of thought and opinion. The second type is the liberty of tastes and pursuits and the freedom we have to plan our own lives. Thirdly, there is the liberty to strive for a common purpose with other like-minded people without harming anyone. According to Mill each type “must be recognized and respected by any free society.” (Mill, 1859) Looking at Mill’s concept of the liberty of thought and opinion, we reflect on the Charlie Hebdo terrorist attack.
He was a pamphleteer, poet, historian and author of extraordinary ability best known for his work, “Paradise Lost”. He was shortly after the reign of Queen Elizabeth on December 9, 1608 thus seeing the leadership of both James 1 and Charles 1. Charles 1 political uproars saw Milton’s development of a reputation as a pamphleteer as, the political climate saw the writing of pamphlets such as; “Of Reformation”, “Of Prelatical Episcopacy”, and “Reason for Church Government”. In these, his arguments were mostly around the issue of the closeness of the church and the King at the time. For him, this was stifling the church’s chance of purification.
(GET LINK) Many people can use the basis of their religion as the foundation of their decision making. Many people believe that if there were no god (or if people believed there to be no god) there would be no such thing as morals. Everyone would just do as they like, without any thought of good and evil. Religion should have a positive influence on decision making as when making a decision they will all make one that would be approved by their god. All religions have values (usually to do good, and to avoid wrong) which further influences positive decision making amongst religious people.
In essence, religion, which to me represents believe in a higher power, got me through some of the most terrible moments of my life. I recognize that just as my definition and view of religion is a culmination of numerous events in my life, many other people have come to see and define religion differently based on their own unique experiences. Such differentiation most certainly needs to be acknowledged when studying
I think that each follower should learn the theory behind its own religion, however religion isn’t based on reason but how much faith and hope people put into, in other words, the amount of dedication people give. As proof, the majority of the Gods that people believe in have never had evidence of really being alive or scientific reasons/proofs of existing. Also, most of the times, what brings people to look for a certain religion is the emotional connection with that religion's teachings, their founder, or the rituals associated with that religion, which is part of the emotional concept .In other words, people use emotion as a big part of a religious belief because, most of it, was never proven to really