The law ordered all Communist organizations to register with the Attorney General, and created a board to investigate people suspected of sympathy with Communism. Those individuals found to be “Reds” were barred from leaving the country or working in government. McCarran also wrote the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, which allowed the government to restrict visas and citizenship based on political affiliation. This meant that many esteemed international figures—including Gabriel García Márquez, Pablo Neruda, and Michael Foucault—were not allowed to enter the country. When McCarran died in office in 1954, his name was held in rather high regard; an airport had even been named after him.
Many believed that communists were inciting rebellions in the form of labor unions in almost every state; focus shifted from the Red Scare when the need to focus on the war in Europe overpowered the supposed presence of a communist party. After World War II, tensions arose between Russia, then known as the USSR, and the United States. This tension and the events that followed came to be called the Cold War, one of its main events being the Second Red Scare. The Second Red Scare was more destructive than the first. During this Scare, the United States believed that it was constantly under attack from Communists, both from within and outside of the nation 's borders.
More importantly, he pointed out that McCarthy’s accusations were unfounded and held no signs of proof (Edwards 102). The red-baiting carried out by McCarthyism even found its way into CBS. In June 1950, a book called Red Channels was published with the names of 151 broadcasting figures suspected of being affiliated to the Communist party. Two of Murrow’s correspondents were listed, yet
In the Miller Transcript, Arthur Miller is convicted for his suspected association with communist organizations during the 1950s anti communist hunt led by Joseph McCarthy. Arthur Miller’s conviction was not based on any evidence linking him to communism other than attending a meeting with a group of suspected communist Hollywood writers whom Arthur Miller refused to identify. His trial is a great example of the unjust trials and convictions of innocent people under the suspicions of being communists during the McCarthy period.
Arthur Miller was one of the many people accused of communism during the Red Scare, being called before the HUAC (“Arthur Miller” 11)Because of the many similarities shown when comparing The Crucible and the events of the Red Scare, I believe Arthur Miller wrote his play to shine a light on the ridiculousness and true reality of the events that occured. Firstly, the Red Scare was a time where the United States was extremely divided, both socially and politically, and citizens were terrified about communists spreading their ideas of communism (Foster 2). This pandamonium stemmed from ideas of McCarthyism, strong anti-communist values (Goodman 1). McCarthyism, to some, was believed to resemble totalitarianism due to “the demagoguery, smear campaigns, informers, purges of the civil service and education system; the blacklisting of writers, artists, and entertainers; and incidents of book-burning” (Goodman 1) that both had in common (Goodman 1). To combat the spread of communism and to calm the overall panic people had at the time, the government created the House Committee of Un-American Activities
Arthur Miller was most likely inspired to write The Crucible because of the events occurring around him in the 1950’s. Arthur Miller had seen what was happening and he related it to corresponding events during the 1600’s. Miller had seen how people were afraid of Communism and in turn accusing people of being Communists.
In 1953, Arthur Miller wrote the famous play The Crucible, in response to a fear of Communism The “Red Scare”, was led by Senator Joseph McCarthy, who was afraid of communist takeover. The Crucible a play in which Arthur Miller changes some events of the Salem witch trials of 1692 to the problems that were happening in his own society. In this essay we’ll see the ties between The Crucible, McCarthyism , The witch trials and Puritans. Arthur Miller, was born in Harlem, New York City, NY on October 17, 1915 to parents of Polish and Jewish descent. His father was successful coat manufacture.
Arthur Miller makes many different connections to the acts of Senator McCarthy throughout The Crucible. The Salem Witch Trials display many similarities to the acts of Communism in the 1950’s. First of all, false accusations and accusations made without any hard evidence are seen in both The Crucible and the acts of Senator McCarthy. John Proctor in The Crucible was put accused and put on trial for taking part or concealing witchcraft without any evidence of this actually happening. Just like Proctor, Arthur Miller was accused for being a communist during the McCarthy era, although nothing could prove this.
So for a brief explanation, McCarthyism was carried out under senator Joseph McCarthy during 1950-1954 against alleged communist in the US government and in other institutions. The Salem witch trials and McCarthyism have an uncanny relation to one another. In Salem people were afraid of not appearing christian enough, meanwhile during the 50’s Americans feared of being accused of communism. Also during the McCarthyism era and the witch trials innocent lives were ruined when people were forced to accuse others or be accused themselves. Though The Crucible is an allegory for McCarthyism, it focuses some of its attention on the question what is more important, your honor and reputation or your life?
This censorship controlled what the American public read, watched, and heard, which in turn limited the information available to the public. Ray Bradbury, an author of this era, wrote one of his most famous books, Fahrenheit 451, inspired by the new technology and government corruption in the 1950s. Through Bradbury’s use of effective character development and symbolism, he is able to illustrate the problems of government censorship and technology in his futuristic dystopia in his novel Fahrenheit 451. Fahrenheit 451 is separated into three different parts that represent the changes Guy Montag, a fireman whose job is to burn books banned by the government, undergoes. Each part contains a new character that sparks this transformation the reader sees in Montag.
In addition, this organization was established around 1938 and this origination was established because of the red scare and the overwhelming fear of communism spreading to the west. The primary Purpose of H.U.A.C. ( House Un-American Activities Committee) was to investigate communistic influences and put an end to it. A common question most people would hear, if they were interrogated by of H.U.A.C was, " Are you now, or have you ever been, a member of the Communistic Party? " This origination would go around excusing a lot of people being Communists or communist sympathizers, many of these people were even communist or communist sympathizers.
Hollywood writer Dalton Trumbo was blacklisted after being convicted of Contempt of Congress. Trumbo, a member of the communist party, was put on trial for being communist. As a result of being placed on the blacklist, for years, Trumbo was forced to work under pseudonyms. In 1960 Trumbo had beat the black list by discrediting it. Trumbo successfully paved the way for an end to the red scare and an end to anti-communist xenophobia in the United States.
When Oswald was in New Orleans, he had been in contact with Guy Banister that has definite ties with the CIA and the FBI. With that he has also with an anti castro group in New Orleans which makes no sense whatsoever, since JFK was fighting Castro and Castro was fighting all non supporters. In saying that, Oswald had secret contacts with either the CIA or the FBI, and the CIA has been lying about various things, yet there is not enough evidence to prove that the CIA bought and used Lee Harvey Oswald as bait so they would not get caught. A second organization that wanted JFK’s head was the Mafia themselves. The CIA was even in contact with them and they have discussed the issues about the president.
This is also depicted in the McCarthy hearings, for accused communists were pressured to give up the other communists. In the article “Wikidot: McCarthy’s Communist Witch Hunt” by unknown, it is mentioned that “During the Red Scare, McCarthy had employees of many companies sign loyalty oaths that stated they were not a communist or sympathized with any communists and the best way to get around any further questioning was to shove the blame towards another person.” This exemplifies the fact that blame was always shifted to someone else, causing the issues to last far too