Today, individuals are proud to be different and are breaking societal norms, changing the world to fight for what they believe in. “She didn’t want to know how a thing was done, but why.” (page 57). The utopian theory of Fahrenheit 451 was that the people would
The human mind being a constant wanderer towards reality failed to accept ‘utopia’ as a mere fiction. Instead they questioned its mere existence. This questioning paved way to another realistic vision which without questioning utopianism was able to walk along side it. This vision was more realistic than utopia itself, an idea where the world struggles to survive after its own devastation. Readers were more comfortable in acknowledging this idea than ‘utopia’.
The utopian society in the Brave New World can be compared and contrasted between our contemporary society using individualism, community and the human experience. The fictional novel by Aldous Huxley, published in 1932, is about a utopian society where people focus stability and community over individuality and freedom, but an outsider is introduced to intervene with the operation of the utopian state. In the contemporary world, people need to show individuality in their communities in order to survive, and to be human, one must show emotion, which is the opposite in the Brave New World. Individualism is very important in the contemporary world, but in the utopian state, individuals are conditioned to be the same as everyone else. They do not know how to be themselves.
A.E. Samaan once said “All utopias are dystopias. The term "dystopia" was coined by fools that believed a "utopia" can be functional.” Which means no matter how good a society might seem and no matter how foolproof it may seem, a perfect society isn’t possible. This would mean that even if a society lifted up the ungifted instead of handicapping the gifted like in Kurt Vonnegut’s “Harrison Bergeron” then the society would still be dystopian because everyone would still not be equal. The definition of utopia is “a place or state of things in which everything is perfect” and because man is imperfect then any society that man creates would be imperfect, imaginary or otherwise.
The “perfect” society that is created, comes at the cost of individuality. In Ray Bradbury’s, Fahrenheit 451, the individuality of the citizens is threatened by the amount of government control in their lives, and can be seen through the Utopian goals, the government punishments, and the citizens’ conformity in response to this. The Utopian goals that the society holds limits the individuality of the citizens. Their attempt to create a controlled environment leads to more government control than necessary. The biggest rule that the government enforces is the burning of books.
In the article The Fine Line Between Utopia and Dystopia, author Zsanelle Morel discusses the utopian and dystopian themes among popular literature. Morel eventually reaches the conclusion that, “Although the idea of a utopian society can be briefly imagined, this society could not sustain itself due to the unpredictable nature of life,” with unpredictability being key. Human lives are not always stable and not every minor event can be foreseen when making decisions affecting an entire society. In an article, Jetse de Vries writes about the contrast between utopias and dystopias. Additionally, de Vries describes other authors’ tendencies to categorize fictional societies as either utopian or dystopian whereas many of them in reality are a combination of both: “a lot of utopias are basically dystopias in disguise:
However, in dystopian novels while the world may start out as a utopian society, this genre of literature is typically categories by the main character(s) having a sort of realization as to how wrong the world is around them and that perfect is not a world they want to live in for some reason or another. Over the years, many authors have attempted to paint the picture of this type of society in their works, demonstrating time and time again why utopian societies and their restrictions cannot exist in a world. With this being said, perfection is not a concept that can ever be obtained in a world due to the contrasting
In a society where everyone has the ability to think freely, eventually some conflict will arise, ruining the perfection of the world. Without the freedom of thought that individualism brings, the perfection of the society is wasted. There is no perfect world that can exist where everyone is happy, so the best society possible is one where conflicts are used to create progress, and despite the seemingly endless conflict, the world in which we live in is that world. Huxley’s society is an exaggeration of what may happen within our own world if we allow for the decline of individuality as we have thus far, and though it is hyperbolic in its description, his warning is still very
When the attempted creation of a utopia, an ideal place or state that is of perfection, takes place, only one thing typically happens. A promising utopia would be created, but the utopia has its distinctive problems. This would be a place where there are restricted freedoms and a lack of individualism, however there are also the desirable traits of a utopia that leaders of a society strive to achieve. These include an unchanging or even predictable way that things are done, as well as a sense of equality. The cost of having a lack of individualism and restricted freedoms outweighs the privilege of equality and sameness.
Utopia is similar to science fiction because both of them represent unreal world and refer to unique and perfect society (Suvin 34 – 38) there is another definition of utopia which is “Utopia is a holding operation, a set of strategies to maintain social order and the perfection in the face of deficiencies, not to say hostility, of nature and the willfulness of a man” (Davis 37). On the other hand, there is an opposite definition of utopia which is described as an imagined community established in specific time and place by which the writer wants the reader to imagine and know a perfect society than his community (Sargent 9).