When it comes to applying this theoretical approach to reality, it is evident to notice that no global revolt in regards to capitalism has occurred. On the contrary, the capitalist society that Marx describes has only become greater in the global society. The disparity between the elite and the populace grows continuously, and the wealth of the first group surpasses the wealth of the second one. The elite has made the working-class into a class of consumption who nourishes its capital gain. This leads on to the global issue of social hierarchy.
Social stratification has been a part of society for thousands of years and has yet to dissipate. It is prevalent on the micro and macro level and has been a part of various societies and cultures ranging from the united states all the way to India. Social Stratification, "is a system of inequality that takes into account the differences among individual members of a society and ranks them by their wealth, power, prestige, and ascribed status, thus creating a social hierarchy" (Larkin, 2015, para. 5). The organizing principles of social stratification are class, gender, and race.
The pursuit of self-gratification and preservation forms only a minute part of this concept. Promotion of personal liberties and control in the various aspects of an individual’s life and situation has been a major part of American history since its very dawn. Individualism first appeared in America in the early 17th century with the arrival of the Pilgrims, a people facing religious persecution in their home country of England. While they did indeed band together as a group under a common cause, their fight for the ideals of personal liberty was an individualistic one. This individualism thrived during the Revolutionary War as the Americans created their own democratic nation in response to a monarchy that would not allow them to govern themselves (Bellah 142).
This is different from individualism, which expects individuals to only care for their own selves and immediate families, which can decrease their contribution to the overall society. Thornhill and Fincher (1) explain that many societies require the support, collaboration and partnership of its citizens and various stakeholders in order to advance and prosper, and that this is encouraged mostly by collectivism, not individualism. The reason for this is that collectivism promotes a very tight social interaction, where there is widespread respect, loyalty and support to members of the wider social group, not just the immediate
• Organizations offering individualism value challenge, freedom and personal time. Employees tend to seek attention for their accomplishment and contributions, therefore becoming more innovative and responsible. • Individualism has also drawbacks where employees become too self reliant and don’t work together leading to inefficiency in production. • One of the benefits to collectivism is its emphasis on cooperation and teamwork. As some businesses shift away from traditional, hierarchical structures with clearly defined and maintained roles and responsibilities for workers, workplaces have become more collaborative.
The first dimension of social stratification is social class. This is categorized by one’s economic position or occupation and represents their wealth. Those who rank close to each other are considered to be in the same social class, and classes can be divided into the upper, middle, working, and lower class. The distribution
Thus, not all countries experience similar levels of industrialisation, which implies varying degrees of division of labour in the workforce. This would lead to an uneven distribution of wealth among the countries and result in economic inequality among
In here belonging to a social class seems to be an obstacle for some individuals to obtain equal opportunity, unlike upper class people. Therefore, in a stratified society, the individual’s opportunities are always determined by his or her social class. In this essay, I will be arguing that even though mobility exists in the social class system, the opportunity to change status is relatively open for everyone but the distribution of opportunities among the members of a social class is not relatively equal to all. I will demonstrate this point by showing how participation of an individual in a specific social class will decide the opportunities in terms of attaining education and achieving a well-paid job. Education has a significant role in promoting social mobility; it enables people to acquire knowledge and certain skills in order to promote their social status.
Social class has been found in almost all societies and countries because it is how a society can organize itself and function properly. As the structural functionalism theorist, Emile Durkheim claims, that every part of the society serve an important role in keeping the society in line (Replogle, 2018). So, whatever class a person is in matters as long as if one class fails to do their job, it will permeate to the other classes creating an immense destruction to the whole society. Inevitably the importance of social class has been essential. The way our society is stratified came from how our forefathers set up this country in what is called, “three class model”.
In this sense, values can be seen as a set of social norms that define the rules or context for social interaction through which people act and communicate, according to specific authors. These social norms have an impact on subsequent behaviors of individuals through acting as a means of social control that sets the expectations and boundaries of appropriate behaviors for them. (Leidner D, Kayworth T,