Indonesia – Indonesia is officially known as the Republic of Indonesia located in South East Asia and Oceania. The country is an archipelago consisting of 17508 islands. It is spread across 33 provinces and 1 Special Administrative Region. It has an estimated population of approximately 252 million people which makes it the world’s 4th most populous country. The government consists of an elected legislature and a president.
Republic of Indonesia is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia comprises of 13,466 islands that encompasses with 33 provinces and 1 Special Administrative Region. Indonesia is world's fourth most populous country with an estimated of over 249 million people. The capital of the Indonesia is Jakarta and is the nation’s largest city, followed by the Surabaya, Bandung, Semarang and Medan. Indonesia shares land borders with Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and East Timor.
LANGUAGE SHIFT AND LANGUAGE MAINTENANCE OF JAVANESE FAMILY IN BANJARMASIN, WEST KALIMANTAN BY: JULIA NUR ANGGRAETA 12020154033 INTRODUCTION Indonesia is a big country which consists of many islands. In each island, there live many tribes of Indonesia. There are hundreds traditional tribes which have their own culture and language. Even in one island, the language can be various and different from one region with another. The language of each tribe in each region is preserved by its speakers.
The international financial Institution, World Bank, regarded Indonesia as an “East Asian Miracle” in the early 1990s (Suharto’s New Order) and Suharto was called Bapak Pembangunan (the father of development) according to Beerkens. Tens of millions of Indonesians were rescued from poverty (Schwarz), decreasing the percentage of population classified as “poor” in Indonesia from more than 50 percent in the mid 1960s into 13.5 percent in 1993 (Suharto’s New Order). In 1996, exports reached $50 billion, which is twice the value in 1991. More and more students got enrolled and the amount of educated people increased. At this rate of economic growth, Indonesia could become the world’s sixth largest economy in 2010 (Schwarz).
The largest islands are the Kalimantan provinces on Borneo, Sumatra, Papua, Sulawesi and Java (where Jakarta is located). Nearly 60 percent of Indonesia 's land is forested and a significant portion is mountainous and volcanic. Centuries of volcanic activity has led to high degree of soil fertility on Java and Bali, which accounts in part for the high concentration of agriculture and people on these two islands. Ethnicity Majority of Indonesians are of Malay extraction. The remainder of the “pribumi” (natives) are Melanesian (in Papua and the eastern islands).
Description and Analysis Indonesia Policy on Religions Discuss issues of religious policy in Indonesia can not be separated from the role of the Ministry of Religion. Through the Ministry of Religious Affairs religious life is defined . Meanwhile, the formal definition of religion was apparently not owned by the Ministry of Religious Affairs. During this time, the Government's reference in defining religion refers Penetapan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 1/PNPS Tahun 1965 tentang Pencegahan Penyalahgunaan dan/atau Penodaan Agama (Act Against Blasphemy). In the rules explicite mentioned the religions then considered official religions.
The writer described about the classification of social classes in Java. I agree with the writer's opinion about the reason why most of Indonesian presidents are coming from Java is because people who live on Java Island have high numbers of population. Consequently, the majority voters are from Java. Although Indonesia consists of several huge islands, but the government system is centralized in Java Island. Even though Sumatra and Borneo Islands are including the larger islands in Indonesia, but they only have few numbers of population compared with total population in Java Island.
Religion Does Not Play an Influential Role in Contemporary Role in Politics As we all know , Indonesia is a multiculturalist country , which have a vast of religion and cultural itself and also , Indonesia is a democratic country that has the largest Muslim Population in the Southeast Asia , even though , Indonesia itself is not a Muslim country (Ex:Middle East) and surrounded by other countries in Southeast Asia in terms of the religion. According to 2016 census , 87.2 percent of Indonesians were Muslims at that time , 7 percent were Christians , 2.9 percent were Roman Catholics , 1.7 percent were Hindu , and 1.3 percent were other, including Buddhist, Confucian and unspecified ( As in Atheist , or no religion at all). In Indonesia , the most important thing is Religion itself , It is illegal not to have a religion and it's necessary to have religion in order to be listed in her or his ID card , and Religion in Indonesia have already impacted in our daily life as well , accordance to his or her religion.
The background of urgency of the research Like we all know Indonesia is one of the countries that has many cultures, religions, and rich of languages. Indonesia also one of the largest country in the world. There are so many regions and it has a lot of cultures, languages and traditions. Society and languages cannot be separated. Because with language we can communicate with each other’s.
Therefore, every districts in Sarawak there’s a majority of iban community living among us a city nor villages. Iban was a branch of the Dayak peoples of Borneo. The legend stated that, in the year 1841, Iban was fall under the rule of Rajah James Brooke. So, Iban have their own tradition such as one of the tradition is “Pua Kumbu”. Pua Kumbu is the famous textile from Sarawak of the Iban.