Indonesian Cultural Openness

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The Challenge of Cosmopolitanism and World-Mindedness for Indonesian Cultural Openness in Globalization Era Edi Purwanto Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, University of Bunda Mulia, Jakarta, Indonesia Email: epurwanto@bundamulia.ac.id Lelly Christin Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, University of Bunda Mulia, Jakarta, Indonesia Email: lchristin@bundamulia.ac.id Abstract: Purpose – to proof that although Indonesia society has cultural openness characteristic, and although the cultural openness has impact on consumer cosmopolitanism, but it does not move Indonesian people into world-mindedness people. Design/methodology/approach – A questionnaire was used to collect data with four items of cosmopolitanism, four items of world-mindedness…show more content…
And although cultural openness led Indonesian into cosmopolitanism perspective, but cosmopolitanism itself can’t change Indonesian people to be world-mindedness people. Originality/value – the result of the study provides new evidence about the effect of cultural openness on cosmopolitanism, and both cultural openness and cosmopolitanism are not always has effect on world-mindedness view. The finding of the study shows that Indonesian people recognize West in advances of technology and economic, but Western culture cannot remove the local culture so people lose their identity and become a world-mindedness. Keywords cultural openness, cosmopolitanism, world-mindedness,…show more content…
It shows high agreement of the respondents on this statement: “You like immersing yourself in different cultural environments.” Frequencies of second item of cosmopolitanism construct with apply Likert-scale ranging from 7- absolutely agree to 1 absolutely disagree show ranging 1 is 2 or 1 percent; ranging 2 is 3 or 1.5 percent; ranging 3 is 4 or 2.0 percent; ranging 4 is 25 or 12.5 percent; ranging 5 is 42 or 21 percent; ranging 6 is 77 or 38.5 percent; and ranging 7 is 47 or 23.5 percent. It shows high agreement of the respondents on this statement: “You like having contact with people from different cultures.” Frequencies of third item of cosmopolitanism construct with apply Likert-scale ranging from 7- absolutely agree to 1 absolutely disagree show ranging 1 is 2 or 1 percent; ranging 2 is 3 or 1.5 percent; ranging 3 is 1 or 0.5 percent; ranging 4 is 9 or 4.5 percent; ranging 5 is 18 or 9 percent; ranging 6 is 40 or 20 percent; and ranging 7 is 127 or 63.5 percent. It shows high agreement of the respondents on this statement: “You would enjoy travelling to foreign countries for an extended period of

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